Presentation on theme: "The Vocabulary of Late Gothic Style. I. Context for Late Gothic architecture in Europe (1300-1550) Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, 1089-1499."— Presentation transcript:
The Vocabulary of Late Gothic Style
I. Context for Late Gothic architecture in Europe ( ) Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, east end west end (façade)
I. Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, interior of choir view west from choir to nave
I. A. Nationalism on the rise, especially in England (100 Years’ War), and flourishing regional schools Hundred Years’ War ( ) coincides with rise of the Perpendicular Style
I. C. Immanent evolutionary processes: late phases are aesthetically more complex Choir of Wells Cathedral, England, 1310Brunswick Cathedral, Germany, 1469
A. What aspects of Gloucester Cathedral are typical of Christian architecture in England? Gloucester Cathedral today begun in Romanesque after Norman Invasion Gloucester as an Anglo-Saxon monastery reconstruction 6. II. English tradition: English heterogeneity in architecture
II. A. Gloucester Cathedral Durham Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Early English GothicRomanesque (Norman)Late English Gothic 7.
II. B. What architectural characteristic of the nave of Gloucester Cathedral are Romanesque and which Gothic? Gloucester Cathedral – Romanesque (Norman) beginnings Romanesque (Norman) Gloucester (still remains under Gothic additions Romanesque (Norman) nave
II. B. Gloucester Cathedral – Romanesque (Norman) beginnings Romanesque (Norman) nave
Romanesque Durham Cathedral Gloucester Cathedral Romanesque nave elevation II. B. 1. Romanesque sophistication: how Romanesque is the nave elevation ( )?
Early English Gothic vaultEarly English Gothic nave Salisbury CathedralGloucester Cathedral II. B. Gothic Structure – What French Gothic structural expedients are present in Gloucester’s early English Gothic nave vault and which are not? 8.
II. B. Gloucester Cathedral – nave Romanesque nave elevation w/ Gothic vaults added nave seen from cloister
III. Late Gothic style: the birth of a unique Gothic aesthetic in Gloucester’s east half (transept + choir): the English Perpendicular style Gloucester Cathedral
III. A. Origins: What are characteristics of the Perpendicular style and what are the roots in the laicization in Late Gothic style?1. mullions Gloucester Cathedral choir
Eleanor crosses (microarchitecture) III. B. 2. repeated outlines of canopied niches Gloucester Cathedral choir
III. A. 3. liernes (short decorative ribs) Gloucester Cathedral choir tunnel vault with mesh of dense ribs
III. B. Aesthetic effects: How does the articulation of interiors in Perpendicular architecture subordinate detail to overall effect? Gloucester Cathedral - Choir
III. B. Gloucester Cathedral – choir vault
Gloucester Cathedral – Lady Chapel III. B. 1. How does the more flattened four-center arch help maintain perpendicularity?
III. B. 2. Where is Gothic verticality finally released? Gloucester Cathedral choir
III. B. 3. Fan vaults - How does their design help achieve unity between walls, windows, & vaulted ceiling? Gloucester Cathedral Cloister,
III. B. 3. Gloucester Cathedral cloister
III. B. 3. Gloucester Cathedral – fan vaults in cloister
Gloucester Cathedral cloister fan vaultsRose window, Reims Cathedral, France IV. Theory: How can Perpendicular Gothic be reconciled with the theological speculation about the spiritual significance of light (Gothic theory)?