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FRENCH HIGH GOTHIC. NOTRE –DAME- DE - PARIS, 1200 -1345 (LOOKING NORTH) HIGH GOTHIC -- FOUR LEVELS, TOP 2 = WINDOWS.

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Presentation on theme: "FRENCH HIGH GOTHIC. NOTRE –DAME- DE - PARIS, 1200 -1345 (LOOKING NORTH) HIGH GOTHIC -- FOUR LEVELS, TOP 2 = WINDOWS."— Presentation transcript:

1 FRENCH HIGH GOTHIC

2 NOTRE –DAME- DE - PARIS, (LOOKING NORTH) HIGH GOTHIC -- FOUR LEVELS, TOP 2 = WINDOWS

3 NOTRE-DAME DE PARIS (ON ÎLE DE LA CITÉ), LOOKING EAST

4 NOTRE-DAME DE PARIS – EXTERIOR VIEW OF APSE – AND A ROOF GARGOYLE

5 FLYING BUTTRESS, NOTRE-DAME DE PARIS TRACERY AND PINNACLES – ALSO TRUE GARGOYLES

6 VIRGIN AND CHILD (VIRGIN OF PARIS), NOTRE- DAME, PARIS, FRANCE, EARLY 14TH CENTURY. “HUMANIZING” NATURALISM NEAR S-CURVE

7 SAINT-CHAPELLE, INTERIOR OF THE UPPER CHAPEL, 1243–1248 (ALSO ON ÎLE DE LA CITÉ) WHAT STYLE? RAYONNANT 6,250’ OF STAINED CLASS – MORE GLASS THAN WALLS PATRON? LOUIS IX (ST. LOUIS) LOUIS IX (ST. LOUIS)

8 ANOTHER VIEW OF THE UPPER CHAPEL AT SAINT- CHAPELLE – WITH SWARMS OF TOURISTS NOTE THAT THE RIBS OVER THE ALTAR ARE PURELY DECORATIVE, NOT STRUCTURAL

9 ROBERT DE LUZARCHES, THOMAS DE CORMONT, AND RENAUD DE CORMONT, WEST FACADE OF AMIENS CATHEDRAL, AMIENS, FRANCE, BEGUN 1220

10 EAST FAÇADE OF AMIENS CATHEDRAL

11 INTERIOR OF AMIENS CATHEDRAL (LOOKING EAST) HEIGHT, LIGHTNESS AND LIGHT!

12 VAULTS, CLERESTORY, AND TRIFORIUM OF THE CHOIR OF AMIENS CATHEDRAL

13 CHRIST (BEAU DIEU), TRUMEAU STATUE OF CENTRAL DOORWAY, WEST FACADE, AMIENS CATHEDRAL A “KINDER, GENTLER” JESUS A “KINDER, GENTLER” JESUS AND HE’S REACHING OUT OF THE TRUMEAU

14 WEST FAÇADE OF REIMS CATHEDRAL, REIMS, FRANCE © 1225–1290. WHAT’S NEW? STAINED GLASS TYMPANAE VERTICALITY

15 REIMS CATHEDRAL, NAVE, LOOING EAST

16 ANNUNCIATION AND VISITATION, JAMB SCULPTURES OR CENTRAL DOOR, WEST PORTAL, REIMS ALMOST CLASSICAL NATURALISM, CONTRAPPOSTO (AND “OUT OF THE BOX”)

17 FRENCH LATE GOTHIC

18 PIERRE ROBIN AND AMBROSE HAREN, SAINT-MACLOU, WESTERN FAÇADE. ROUEN, FRANCE © 1500–1514. © 1500–1514.FLAMBOYANT! MANY DECORATIVE (NON-STRUCTURAL) ELEMENTS

19 SECULAR FRENCH “GOTHIC” ARCHITECTURE

20 RESTORED AERIAL VIEW OF THE FORTIFIED TOWN OF CARCASSONNE, FRANCE. BASTIONS AND TOWERS, 12TH–13TH Cs.

21 EXPULSION OF THE CATHARS FROM CARCASSONNE

22 HALL OF THE CLOTH GUILD, BRUGES, BELGIUM, BEGUN 1230 SECULAR COMPETING WITH SACRED!

23 HOUSE OF JACQUES COEUR, BOURGES, FRANCE, 1443–1451 MERCHANTS AS RICH AS SOME NOBLES, INCREASING SECULAR POWER!

24 ENGLISH GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE

25 SPECIFIC GOALS:  UNDERSTAND THE DECORATED AND PERPENDICULAR VARIATIONS OF THE GOTHIC STYLE IN ENGLAND.  EXAMINE THE COMPLEX TOMBS OF ROYALTY AND OTHER ART FORMS IN GOTHIC ENGLAND.

26

27 AERIAL VIEW OF SALISBURY CATHEDRAL, SALISBURY, ENGLAND, 1220– 1258; WEST FACADE COMPLETED 1265; SPIRE © 1320–1330.

28 SALISBURY CATHEDRAL

29 WEST FAÇADE, SALISBURY CATHEDRAL HOW DIFFERENT FROM FRENCH? SHORT, WIDER THAN NAVE, FEWER WINDOWS, RELIEFS, 5 LEVELS, TOWER OVER CROSSING

30 PLAN, SALISBURY CATHEDRAL LONG AXIS TYPICALLY ENGLISH (COMPARE DURHAM), DOUBLE TRANSEPTS ROMANESQUE, BUT GOTHIC RECTANGULAR NAVE BAYS AND SQUARE AISLE BAYS

31 NAVE, SALISBURY CATHEDRAL LIKE FRENCH: TRIPARTITE ELEVATION, QUADRIPARTITE RIBBED VAULTS DIFFERENT: OVERALL HORIZONTAL ORIENTATION, LESS UNITY (RIBS SPRING FROM CORBELS, NOT THE PIERS), NO ROSE, NO STAINED GLASS (ORIGINALLY), LANCETS BUT NO OCULI, LESS LIGHT

32 CHOIR OF GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL (LOOKING EAST), GLOUCESTER, ENGLAND, 1332–1357 PERPENDICULAR STYLE – PURELY ORNAMENTAL "VAULT RIBS"

33 GLOUCESTER

34 NAVE VAULTS, GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL

35 ROBERT AND WILLIAM VERTUE, FAN VAULTS, CHAPEL OF HENRY VII, WESTMINSTER ABBEY, LONDON

36 NAVE AND APSE, CHAPEL OF HENRY VII, WESTMINSTER ABBEY

37 TOMB OF EDWARD II, GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL, GLOUCESTER, ENGLAND, © 1330–1335 EXAMPLE OF THE ENGLISH ROYAL TOMB

38 GERMAN GOTHIC

39 SPECIFIC GOALS:   UNDERSTAND THE BUILDING OF THE COLOGNE CATHEDRAL AND ITS EMPHASIS ON HEIGHT.  ANALYZE THE STRUCTURE AND ORIGINS OF THE GERMAN HALLENKIRKE AND WHY IT DIFFERS FROM THE FRENCH-INFLUENCED GOTHIC.  ANALYZE THE EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION AND DRAMA OF THE GERMAN GOTHIC SCULPTURE.  EXAMINE THE COMPLEX ALTARS, SHRINES, AND RELIQUARIES OF THE GERMAN GOTHIC.

40

41 GEHRHARD OF COLOGNE, COLOGNE CATHERDRAL, BEGUN 1248, COMPLETED 1888, AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH

42 COLOGNE CATHEDRAL – THE EASTERN END IS 13 TH- C. (BUT REST IS SUPPOSELY BUILT TO ORIGINAL PLAN). NAVE, 422’ LONG. IT HAS DOUBLE AISLES (DIFFERENT FROM FRENCH AND ENGLISH)

43 CHOIR AND APSE, COLOGNE CATHEDRAL (150’ HIGH) HAS LIGHTNESS AND UNITY OF FRENCH GOTHIC, BUT HEIGHT GIVES IT SOME PERPENDICULARITY

44 SAINT ELIZABETH, MARBURG, , WESTERN FAÇADE EXTERIOR CLOSER TO OTTONIAN/ ROMANESQUE THAN FRENCH GOTHIC (NO TRACERY, NO SCULPTURE HALLENKIRCHE – HALL CHURCH – ALSO ROMANESQUE

45 SAINT ELIZABETH’S, MARBURG, EASTERN END (APSE) – NO RADIATING CHAPELS, NO BUTTRESSES (BECAUSE WALLS ARE MASSIVE)

46 INTERIOR OF SAINT ELIZABETH'S: HALL CHURCH WITH GOTHIC RIBBED VAULTS AND LANCET WINDOWS

47 STRASBOURG CATHEDRAL, WESTERN FAÇADE, STRASBOURG FRANCE (ALSACE),

48 LOWER PART OF WEST PORTAL, STRASBOURG CATHEDRAL

49 FLYING BUTTRESSES, STRASBOURG CATHEDRAL

50 ons/3/35/Frontispice_cath%C3%A9drale_Stras bourg.JPG DEATH OF THE VIRGIN, TYMPANUM OF LEFT DOORWAY, SOUTH TRANSEPT, STRASBOURG CATHEDRAL NOTE COMPOSITION, NATURALISM AND EMOTION (AND INTERTWINING ON ARCHIVOLT)

51 ECKEHARD AND UTA STATUES IN THE WEST CHOIR, NAUMBURG CATHEDRAL NAUMBURG, GERMANY © PAINTED LIMESTONE 6’ 2” HIGH POWER AND AUTHORITY

52 EQUESTRIAN PORTRAIT (BAMBERG RIDER), STATUE IN THE EAST CHOIR, BAMBERG CATHEDRAL, GERMANY © 1235– SANDSTONE, 7’ 9” HIGH. MAINLY A CURIOSITY


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