Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3).

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3)."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3)

2 Spread of Gothic: black 12th Century, red 13th-14th centuries

3 The Reach of Gothic

4 Gothic Architecture Cathedral became center of the city
Not only for religious rites, but also for guild meetings and municipal government (before construction of town hall) Rivalries between cities to see who could build the biggest and highest cathedral St. Denis in France 1st example of Early Gothic Religious art, like Romanesque, but also a symbol of power and wealth for the town Not only cathedrals, but also castles, palaces, town halls, and universities

5 The Abbey of St. Denis St. Denis patron saint of France
First major stucture built (partially) in Gothic style Construction began in 1136 Burial site for many French Monarchs Located just north of Paris

6 St. Denis Ambulatory

7 Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showers light on Romanesque Nave

8 Characteristics of Gothic Architecture
Pointed arch Ribbed vault Flying buttresses Bigger windows Taller buildings (stretched, verticality) Rose window Appeal to emotions, dramatic

9 Amiens (476 feet long, 139 feet high)
exterior length of 476 feet (145 metres)—23 feet (7 metres) longer than Reims Cathedral and 49 feet (15 metres)longer than Chartres Cathedral—with an interior length of 438 feet (133.5 metres). The soaring nave reaches an elevation of 139 feet (42.3 metres) at the apex of the vault, yet it is only 48 feet (14.6 metres) wide.

10 Amiens closer views

11 Right: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral, begun 1220 Nave
Choir                                                                                                         Left: Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, Romanesque Pilgrimage Church, c Right: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral, begun 1220 Nave Ambulatory Transept See Scott 2 to go over the terms of the floor plan: nave, porch etc.

12 Romanesque vs. Gothic (Abbey of St. Etienne, Caen)
Vaulting Clerestory Triforium Main arcade Nave ( ) Choir (c. 1200)

13 Some Gothic Styles Early Gothic beginning around 1140 (St. Denis).
High Gothic/Rayonnant (St. Chapelle, Paris, 1248) Perpendicular (choir of Gloucester cathedral, begun 1330), unique to England Flamboyant (St. Maclou, Rouen, )

14 Rayonnant: St. Chapelle
Rayonnant (called Decorated Gothic in England) was characterized by the application of increasingly elaborate geometrical decoration

15 More St. Chapelle Rose Window Rayonnant style
After 1250, Gothic architects were more concerned with the creation of visual effects through decoration. Pinnacles (upright members, often spired, that capped piers, buttresses, or other exterior elements), Moldings Window tracery Rose Window (Some classify this as Flamboyant)

16 Flamboyant In France the Rayonnant style evolved about 1280 into a more decorative phase called the Flamboyant style. Dominant feature in stone window tracery of a flame-like S- shaped curve. Wall space was reduced to minimum Almost continuous expanse of glass and tracery. St. Maclou (Rouen) 15-16th Centuries

17 St. Severin-St. Nicholas (Paris)
15th Century

18 Leuven, Belgium Town Hall
15th Century

19 Milan Cathedral (Duomo)
The biggest and greatest late gothic architecture in Italy , west front

20 Milan Cathedral Flying Buttress
Give horizontal strength to the wall Means walls can have bigger windows, more detail

21 Gothic Sculpture Mostly religious: Crucifixion of Christ
and Virgin with Child To educate citizens Figures more realistic and natural than in Romanesque Curved and lines, movement Expression of emotion Mostly rock, some wood Choir seating, tombs, gargoyles

22 Gothic Painting Murals loose importance (except in Italy)
Painting over wood → Painted altarpieces Religious subjects, also potraits Movement of figures Richness of colors Use of gold Introduction of background Realism

Download ppt "Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3)."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google