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Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3). Spread of Gothic: black 12 th Century, red 13 th -14 th centuries.

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Presentation on theme: "Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3). Spread of Gothic: black 12 th Century, red 13 th -14 th centuries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gothic Art “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3)

2 Spread of Gothic: black 12 th Century, red 13 th -14 th centuries

3 The Reach of Gothic

4 Gothic Architecture St. Denis in France 1 st example of Early Gothic Religious art, like Romanesque, but also a symbol of power and wealth for the town Not only cathedrals, but also castles, palaces, town halls, and universities Cathedral became center of the city Not only for religious rites, but also for guild meetings and municipal government (before construction of town hall) Rivalries between cities to see who could build the biggest and highest cathedral

5 The Abbey of St. Denis St. Denis patron saint of France First major stucture built (partially) in Gothic style Construction began in 1136 Burial site for many French Monarchs Located just north of Paris

6 St. Denis Ambulatory

7 Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showers light on Romanesque Nave

8 Characteristics of Gothic Architecture Pointed arch Ribbed vault Flying buttresses Bigger windows Taller buildings (stretched, verticality) Rose window Appeal to emotions, dramatic

9 Amiens ( 476 feet long, 139 feet high)

10 Amiens closer views

11 Left: Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, Romanesque Pilgrimage Church, c. 1080-1120 Right: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral, begun 1220 Nave Transept Choir Ambulatory

12 Romanesque vs. Gothic (Abbey of St. Etienne, Caen) Nave (1064-1120)Choir (c. 1200) Main arcade Triforium Clerestory Vaulting

13 Some Gothic Styles Early Gothic beginning around 1140 (St. Denis). High Gothic/Rayonnant (St. Chapelle, Paris, 1248) Perpendicular (choir of Gloucester cathedral, begun 1330), unique to England Flamboyant (St. Maclou, Rouen,1500-14)

14 Rayonnant: St. Chapelle Rayonnant (called Decorated Gothic in England) was characterized by the application of increasingly elaborate geometrical decoration

15 More St. Chapelle Rayonnant style After 1250, Gothic architects were more concerned with the creation of visual effects through decoration. Pinnacles (upright members, often spired, that capped piers, buttresses, or other exterior elements), Moldings Window tracery (Some classify this as Flamboyant) Rose Window

16 Flamboyant In France the Rayonnant style evolved about 1280 into a more decorative phase called the Flamboyant style. Dominant feature in stone window tracery of a flame-like S- shaped curve. Wall space was reduced to minimum Almost continuous expanse of glass and tracery. St. Maclou (Rouen) 15-16 th Centuries

17 St. Severin-St. Nicholas (Paris) 15th Century

18 Leuven, Belgium Town Hall 15 th Century

19 Milan Cathedral (Duomo) The biggest and greatest late gothic architecture in Italy. 1386-1577, west front 1616-1813

20 Milan Cathedral Flying Buttress Give horizontal strength to the wall Means walls can have bigger windows, more detail

21 Gothic Sculpture Mostly religious: Crucifixion of Christ and Virgin with Child To educate citizens Figures more realistic and natural than in Romanesque Curved and lines, movement Expression of emotion Mostly rock, some wood Choir seating, tombs, gargoyles

22 Gothic Painting Murals loose importance (except in Italy) Painting over wood → Painted altarpieces Religious subjects, also potraits Movement of figures Richness of colors Use of gold Introduction of background Realism

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