4The Abbey of St. Denis“The higher world casts its light on the lower world, and, in sensible things, is like a trace of purely spiritual things”St. Denys the Areopagite
5Over the main doorway, Suger had this written: “Whoever thou mayest be, who art minded to praise this door,Wonder not at the gold, nor at its cost, but at the work.The work shines in its nobility; by shining nobly,May it illumine the spirit, so that, through its trusty lights,The spirit may reach the true Light in which Christ is the Door.The golden door proclaims the nature of the Inward:Through sensible things, the heavy spirit is raised to the Truth;From the depths, it rises to the Light”
7On the Second Sunday of June 1144, the choir of St On the Second Sunday of June 1144, the choir of St. Denis was consecratedIn this gathering the builders of the very first Gothic cathedrals were represented.A medieval liturgist, Durand de Mende, said of the rite: “Everything which is here performed visibly, evokes God in the soul invisibly, for the soul is the true temple of the true God…The church to be consecrated is none other than the soul, which must be sanctified…”
8Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showers light on Romanesque Nave
10Amiens (476’ ext. long, 139’ high nave) exterior length of 476 feet (145 metres)—23 feet (7 metres) longer than Reims Cathedral and 49 feet (15 metres)longer than Chartres Cathedral—with an interior length of 438 feet (133.5 metres). The soaring nave reaches an elevation of 139 feet (42.3 metres) at the apex of the vault, yet it is only 48 feet (14.6 metres) wide.
12Right: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral, begun 1220 Nave ChoirLeft: Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, Romanesque Pilgrimage Church, cRight: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral, begun 1220NaveAmbulatoryTranseptSee Scott 2 to go over the terms of the floor plan: nave, porch etc.The video to be shown tomorrow explains the flying buttress, the innovation on which this new design is founded.
13Romanesque vs. Gothic (Abbey of St. Etienne, Caen) VaultingClerestoryTriforiumMain arcadeNave ( )Choir (c. 1200)
14Some Gothic Styles Early Gothic beginning around 1140 (St. Denis). High Gothic/Rayonnant (St. Chapelle, Paris, 1248)Perpendicular (choir of Gloucester cathedral, begun 1330)Flamboyant (St. Maclou, Rouen, , and others)
15Rayonnant: St. Chapelle Rayonnant (Decorated Gothic in England) was characterized by the application of increasingly elaborate geometrical decoration
16More St. ChapelleDuring the period of the Rayonnant style a significant change took place in Gothic architecture. After 1250, Gothic architects became more concerned with the creation of rich visual effects through decoration. This decoration took such forms as pinnacles (upright members, often spired, that capped piers, buttresses, or other exterior elements), moldings, and, especially, window tracery.(Some classify this as Flamboyant)
18Perpendicular: Gloucester (choir) The Perpendicular style is a phase of late Gothic unique to England. Its characteristic feature is the fanvault, which seems to have begun as an interesting extension of the Rayonnant idea in the cloisters of Gloucester cathedral (begun 1337).
20More GloucesterVaulting in the naveVaulting in the cloisters
21FlamboyantIn France the Rayonnant style evolved about 1280 into an even more decorative phase called the Flamboyant style. The most conspicuous feature of the Flamboyant Gothic style is the dominance instone window tracery of a flamelike S-shaped curve.In the Flamboyant style wall space was reduced to the minimum of supporting vertical shafts to allow an almost continuous expanse of glass and tracery. Structural logic was obscured by the virtual covering of the exteriors of buildings with tracery,St. Maclou (Rouen) 15-16th Centuries