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GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES. ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE STYLE OF ROMAN PUBIC BUILD- INGS – BASILICA IN THE ROMAN MANNER FORTRESSES OF GOD STONE,

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Presentation on theme: "GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES. ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE STYLE OF ROMAN PUBIC BUILD- INGS – BASILICA IN THE ROMAN MANNER FORTRESSES OF GOD STONE,"— Presentation transcript:

1 GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES

2 ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE STYLE OF ROMAN PUBIC BUILD- INGS – BASILICA IN THE ROMAN MANNER FORTRESSES OF GOD STONE, THICK WALLS, CROSS SHAPED – ENTER LOOK EAST TO JERUSALEM SMALL WINDOWS, INTERIOR PAINTED LIGHT COLORS TO ALLEVIATE DARKNESS SIDE ALTARS ERECTED BY ARISTO- CRATS & GUILDS

3 ABBOTT SUGER & ST. DENIS RECONSTRUCT CAROLINGIAN ABBEY CHURCH BEGUN 1137 & FINISHED 1144 FIRST GOTHIC CHURCH – VASARI COINED TERM 16 TH C LIGHTER WALLS, BIGGER WINDOWS, RIBBED VAULTS, STAINED GLASS, FLYING BUTTRESSES, POINTED ARCHES REPRESENTED LOVE & DEVOTION TO GOD, CIVIC PRIDE, COMPETITION AMONG TOWNS WEST FRONT – LAST JUDGEMENT; NORTH SIDE OLD TESTAMENT; SOUTH NEW TESTAMENT EVERYTHING HAD SIGNIFICANCE

4 ABBEY CHURCH ST. DENIS INTERIOR & FLIGHT INTO OF EGYPT CRADLE OF GOTHIC ART

5 NOTRE DAME – OUR LADY 1163, 114 FEET, BRIDGE B/W SUGER & CHARTRES – EARLY GOTHIC WEST FACADEFLYING BUTTRESS

6 STAINED GLASS REPLACES MANUSCRIPT ILLUMINATION AS LEADING FORM OF PAINTING IN MIDDLE AGES INVENTED BY EGYPTIANS, ADD METALLIC OXIDES TO MIX OF SAND & ASH OR LIME THEN FUSE AT HIGH TEMPERATURES. TEACH PEOPLE THE DOCTRINE OF CHRISTIAN FAITH THROUGH VISUAL IMAGES – ROSE WINDOW AT NOTRE DAME

7 HIGH GOTHIC – CHARTRES CATHEDRAL 1194 BEGUN 119 FEET- NEAR PERFECT EMBODIEMENT OF SPIRIT IN STONE & GLASS – FIRST TO BE PLANNED WITH FLYING BUTTRESSES

8 CATHEDRAL AT REIMS 1211 – SOME SAY THE MOST BEAUTIFUL REPLACES OLDER CHURCH DESTROYED BY A FIRE IN 1211, WHICH WAS BUILT ON THE SITE OF THE BASILICA WHERE CLOVIS WAS BAPTIZED IN 496 THE TOWERS ABOUT 267 FT. WERE ORIGINALLY DESIGNED TO RISE ABOUT 394

9 AMIENS & BEAUVAIS AMIENS NAVE 48FT WIDE 144 FT HIGH BEAUVAIS NEVER FINISHED VAULTS COLLAPSED UNDER WEIGHT 1284 & 1573


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