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Unit XI- Architecture Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit XI- Architecture Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit XI- Architecture Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved

2 1. Europe in 1100

3 2. Romanesque Architecture 1. Describe the characteristics of Romanesque Architecture – 1. Describe the characteristics of Romanesque Architecture – A. thick walls A. thick walls B. broad, rather than steep roofs B. broad, rather than steep roofs C. small windows – not much natural light C. small windows – not much natural light D. Roman arches or square top entrances, windows D. Roman arches or square top entrances, windows

4 3. Romanesque ("Roman-like") was first used to designate a style of architecture that used Roman arches and had thick, heavy walls, based upon the basilica.

5 4. Churches were designed with purpose in mind

6 5. St. Sernin: Toulouse

7 6. Radiating Chapels

8 7. Sainte-Foy is one of the earliest surviving examples of a Romanesque style pilgrimage church.

9 8. Saint Foy - Apse, Transept, and Bell Tower.

10 9. The Pantheon in Rome

11 10. Side View - Pantheon

12 11. The Dome

13 12. Video – St. Vincent de Paul Church, Albany, New York

14 13. Gothic Architecture A. What are the characteristics of Gothic Architecture ? A. What are the characteristics of Gothic Architecture ? 1. tall windows 1. tall windows 2. Byzantine or pointed arches 2. Byzantine or pointed arches 3. tall buildings 3. tall buildings 4. steep roofs 4. steep roofs 5. very ornate (decorated) 5. very ornate (decorated) 6. extensive use of stained glass 6. extensive use of stained glass 7. buttresses and flying buttresses 7. buttresses and flying buttresses

15 14. St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle - England

16 15. Gothic Style allowed for high walls, allowing larger windows, more light.

17 16. The Difference at a Glance

18

19 18. Flying Buttresses

20 19. Extensive Stained Glass

21 20. The Stained Glass at Opera Duomo Cathedral, Siena, Italy

22 21. Chartres Cathedral

23

24 23. The Doors of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence, Italy

25 24. Gothic Architecture in Siena, Italy

26 25. City Hall, Siena, Italy

27 26. Video of St. Vincent de Paul and Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception churches in Albany Albany, New York

28 27. Important Terms - Architecture A. Romanesque A. Romanesque B. Gothic B. Gothic C. Roman Arches C. Roman Arches D. buttresses D. buttresses E. flying buttresses E. flying buttresses F. nave F. nave G. apse G. apse H. radiating chapels H. radiating chapels


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