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Published byConnor Ivery
Modified over 2 years ago
Fabrics Apparel 2 – obj. 1.02
Fabric Construction: Weaving and Knitting
Woven Fabrics Interlacing 2 sets of yarns at right angles to each other
Plain Weave Simplest of all weaves Most commonOver, under; over, under **broadcloth, gingham, poplin muslin, and many others
Twill Weave Diagonal weave **denim, gabardine **firm, heavy weave
Satin Weave Shiny, reflects light Smooth and slippery Frays a lot**lustrous appearance
Leno Weave Pairs of threads crossed over Looks “open”Fruit bags, mosquito netting
Pile Weave Raised surface Loopy or furry Velvet Corduroy
Knits Weft – one yarn Warp – several yarnsPurl – looks the same on both sides Purl Knit Warp Knit Weft Knit
Weft Knit** Uses one yarn **Single knit, ribbed and jersey
Double Knit 2 yarns and 2 sets of needles Heavier and sturdierDoesn’t run or ravel
Ribbed Knit Vertical ribs on front and backNeck and wrist bands on sweaters
Jersey Knit Most common knit Plain, single knit T-shirts
Tricot Knit Very fine vertical wales on the right sideStable knit – lies flat Doesn’t run or ravel Lingerie, underwear Very fast to weave
Raschel Knit Uses extra yarn to create a pattern
Non-woven Leather, lace, felt, disposable fabrics Heat, moistureAdhesive, bonding Yarns and layers
Non-woven Interlocking fibers Don’t fray or ravel FlexibleMight tear easily
Felting Hot washing and drying wool Shrinks Soft and fluffy
Interfacing Very light to very heavy and stiff Padding (quilting)Fusible or sew-in
Fabric Finishes Special treatments applied to improve a fabric’s appearance, texture or performance
“Gray Goods” Before any color or finish is added to the product.
Bleaching Used to remove impurities in fabric to ensure a “true dye.”
Yarn Dyed Yarns are dyed before weaving or knitting.Good for plaids, checks, and stripes. **
Fiber Dyed ** AKA “Stock Dyeing”Natural fibers dyed before spun into yarn Uniform color and good color fastness
Piece Dyed** Fabric dyed after weaving or knitting
Garment Dyed Fabric is cut and sewn Entire garment or item is dyed
Color is transferred to surface of fabric to form a patternPrinting Techniques Color is transferred to surface of fabric to form a pattern
Printing pres with circular rollersOne for each color
Rotary Screen Fast, inexpensive 3500 yards per hourGood for large designs**
Texture and Performance FinishesImproves surface feel of fabric Improve comfort and wear ability
Napping Raised, Fuzzy Fabric
Sizing Extra body and weight Adds Starch
Weighting A textured finish applied to make the garment stiffer and heavier looking than it is Advantage is to use a cheaper lighter weight fabric and make it appear stronger than it really is
2.01 Understanding The Technical Design Process A. Fabric Selection 1. Fabric Construction.
2.01 Fabric Construction.
1.02 Knits and Other Fabric Constructions
Textile Fabrics & Finishes
FABRIC CONSTRUCTIONS. WEAVES Plain – over one, under one, Example fabrics- muslin, voile, broadcloth, percale, taffeta, and crepe. Ribbed weave.
Yarn Twists, Weaving, Pile Weaves, Knits, and Non-Wovens
Fabric Construction Chapter 12
Fashion Design, Textiles & Merchandising Mrs. Moscinski
Fibers and Fabrics. Fibers Natural Fibers- produced by nature Cotton- absorbs moisture, comfortable to wear, strong, dyes well; negatives- wrinkles.
1.02 A. Textiles Used in Apparel. Menu A.Fabric Construction Terminology Weaves Knits Nonwovens.
Textile Fabrics and Finishes
WEAVES. Weaves Plain Most simple and most common type of construction Inexpensive to produce, durable Flat, tight surface is conducive to printing and.
Weaving and Knitting. Weaves Plain = simple over and under process Often use a cotton fiber that creates muslin, broadcloth, and taffeta fabrics Twill.
Part 2: Textile/Apparel Building Blocks Chapter 7 Textile Fabrics and Finishes.
4.01 Fashion Merchandising
Fashion Merchandising 4.01
1 From Yarn to Fabric Chapter Yarns Spun yarn – made from short, staple fibers Rough surface Pills – tiny balls of fiber that appear in places.
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