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Fabrics Apparel 2 – obj. 1.02.

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Presentation on theme: "Fabrics Apparel 2 – obj. 1.02."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fabrics Apparel 2 – obj. 1.02

2 Fabric Construction: Weaving and Knitting

3 Woven Fabrics Interlacing 2 sets of yarns at right angles to each other

4 Plain Weave Simplest of all weaves Most common
Over, under; over, under **broadcloth, gingham, poplin muslin, and many others

5 Twill Weave Diagonal weave **denim, gabardine **firm, heavy weave

6 Satin Weave Shiny, reflects light Smooth and slippery Frays a lot
**lustrous appearance

7 Leno Weave Pairs of threads crossed over Looks “open”
Fruit bags, mosquito netting

8 Pile Weave Raised surface Loopy or furry Velvet Corduroy

9 Knits Weft – one yarn Warp – several yarns
Purl – looks the same on both sides Purl Knit Warp Knit Weft Knit

10 Weft Knit** Uses one yarn **Single knit, ribbed and jersey

11 Double Knit 2 yarns and 2 sets of needles Heavier and sturdier
Doesn’t run or ravel

12 Ribbed Knit Vertical ribs on front and back
Neck and wrist bands on sweaters

13 Jersey Knit Most common knit Plain, single knit T-shirts

14 Tricot Knit Very fine vertical wales on the right side
Stable knit – lies flat Doesn’t run or ravel Lingerie, underwear Very fast to weave

15 Raschel Knit Uses extra yarn to create a pattern

16 Non-woven Leather, lace, felt, disposable fabrics Heat, moisture
Adhesive, bonding Yarns and layers

17 Non-woven Interlocking fibers Don’t fray or ravel Flexible
Might tear easily

18 Felting Hot washing and drying wool Shrinks Soft and fluffy

19 Interfacing Very light to very heavy and stiff Padding (quilting)
Fusible or sew-in

20 Fabric Finishes Special treatments applied to improve a fabric’s appearance, texture or performance

21 “Gray Goods” Before any color or finish is added to the product.

22 Bleaching Used to remove impurities in fabric to ensure a “true dye.”

23 Yarn Dyed Yarns are dyed before weaving or knitting.
Good for plaids, checks, and stripes. **

24 Fiber Dyed ** AKA “Stock Dyeing”
Natural fibers dyed before spun into yarn Uniform color and good color fastness

25 Piece Dyed** Fabric dyed after weaving or knitting

26 Garment Dyed Fabric is cut and sewn Entire garment or item is dyed

27 Color is transferred to surface of fabric to form a pattern
Printing Techniques Color is transferred to surface of fabric to form a pattern

28 Printing pres with circular rollers
One for each color

29 Rotary Screen Fast, inexpensive 3500 yards per hour
Good for large designs**

30 Texture and Performance Finishes
Improves surface feel of fabric Improve comfort and wear ability

31 Napping Raised, Fuzzy Fabric

32 Sizing Extra body and weight Adds Starch

33 Weighting A textured finish applied to make the garment stiffer and heavier looking than it is Advantage is to use a cheaper lighter weight fabric and make it appear stronger than it really is

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