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Fabrics Apparel 2 – obj. 1.02
Fabric Construction: Weaving and Knitting
Woven Fabrics Interlacing 2 sets of yarns at right angles to each other
Plain Weave Simplest of all weaves Most common Over, under; over, under **broadcloth, gingham, poplin muslin, and many others
Twill Weave Diagonal weave **denim, gabardine **firm, heavy weave
Satin Weave Shiny, reflects light Smooth and slippery Frays a lot **lustrous appearance
Leno Weave Pairs of threads crossed over Looks “open” Fruit bags, mosquito netting
Pile Weave Raised surface Loopy or furry Velvet Corduroy
Knits Weft – one yarn Warp – several yarns Purl – looks the same on both sides Purl Knit Warp Knit Weft Knit
Weft Knit** Uses one yarn **Single knit, ribbed and jersey
Double Knit 2 yarns and 2 sets of needles Heavier and sturdier Doesn’t run or ravel
Ribbed Knit Vertical ribs on front and back Neck and wrist bands on sweaters
Jersey Knit Most common knit Plain, single knit T-shirts
Tricot Knit Very fine vertical wales on the right side Stable knit – lies flat Doesn’t run or ravel Lingerie, underwear Very fast to weave
Raschel Knit Uses extra yarn to create a pattern
Non-woven Leather, lace, felt, disposable fabrics Heat, moisture Adhesive, bonding Yarns and layers
Non-woven Interlocking fibers Don’t fray or ravel Flexible Might tear easily
Felting Hot washing and drying wool Shrinks Soft and fluffy
Interfacing Very light to very heavy and stiff Padding (quilting) Fusible or sew-in
Fabric Finishes Special treatments applied to improve a fabric’s appearance, texture or performance
“Gray Goods” Before any color or finish is added to the product.
Bleaching Used to remove impurities in fabric to ensure a “true dye.”
Yarn Dyed Yarns are dyed before weaving or knitting. Good for plaids, checks, and stripes. **
Fiber Dyed ** AKA “Stock Dyeing” Natural fibers dyed before spun into yarn Uniform color and good color fastness
Piece Dyed** Fabric dyed after weaving or knitting
Garment Dyed Fabric is cut and sewn Entire garment or item is dyed
Printing Techniques Color is transferred to surface of fabric to form a pattern
Roller Printing pres with circular rollers One for each color
Rotary Screen Fast, inexpensive 3500 yards per hour Good for large designs**
Texture and Performance Finishes Improves surface feel of fabric Improve comfort and wear ability
Napping Raised, Fuzzy Fabric
Sizing Extra body and weight Adds Starch
Weighting A textured finish applied to make the garment stiffer and heavier looking than it is Advantage is to use a cheaper lighter weight fabric and make it appear stronger than it really is
Part 2: Textile/Apparel Building Blocks Chapter 7 Textile Fabrics and Finishes.
T-Shirts. T-Shirt Versatility Many designs, varieties and colors Undergarments and outerwear Clubs, bands, sports teams, schools and businesses.
10.02 – Fabric finishes May Appearance finishes Dyeing – – Different types of fiber require different types of dye. Cotton, rayon, linen, tencel,
10.01 – Structural and surface designs May Structural designs Woven – plaids – created through a woven pattern of different colored yarns – Balanced.
Fibers. Are considered class evidence Have probative value Are common trace evidence at a crime scene Can be characterized based on comparison of both.
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Fibre-yarn-fabric. Staple or filament? Yarn Definition: A fine continuous length of fibres or filament with or without twist. Spinning is applied to.
Finishes Chapter 14 page 219. When fabric first comes from the loom, it looks nothing like the finished fabric that you will see as a shirt, jacket, or.
28 Serging Skills Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Objective Summarize how the serger functions.
Threads And Needles. Factors Affecting Characteristic Of Thread FIBRE CONTENT STRUCTURE TWIST PLY COLOR FINISHES STRENGTH SIZE THREADS.
Small Equipment and Notions Lesson 1: Chapter 10 in your book.
What not to wear Based on our body shapes and sizes.
Learn How to Knit and Crochet. Why Knit or Crochet? It has a calming effect -- helps relieve stress. It feels good to work with beautiful yarn colors.
Lesson objective- to know how to draw up a manufacturing specification for your product Success criteria You will finish with a document that has all the.
Tartan - Definition tar·tan 1 (tärtn)n.1.a. Any of numerous textile patterns consisting of stripes of varying widths and colors crossed at right angles.
FOLDERS USED IN SEWING MACHINES. Belong to the category of WORK AIDS… Family of FOLDERS…
T HE L AUNDRY P ROCESS As a result of completing this activity you will be better prepared to keep your clothes clean and looking their best longer.
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Micro Fibres Processing. Process Overview 1 1 Normal. Relax Heat Set Scour/WR Dye/Print Wash Finish 2 Textured Relax Scour Modify Dye/Print Wash Finish.
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Clothing Care Chapter 17 page 258. Routine Care Why set aside specific time to care for clothing? Learning about clothing care will help you save money.
© Boardworks Ltd of 21 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.
Composite Materials Ahmed W. Moustafa Lecture (1).
Injury Prevention. The best method of managing and caring for athletic injuries is to PREVENT them from occurring Many factors are important in the prevention.
Training Workbook: HAPPY HCS-1201 Voyager Operation and Maintenance Education Department 1 Training: HAPPY HCS-1201 Voyager Operations & Maintenance (for.
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OVERLOCK MACHINE. Stitch types in this class are formed with one or more groups of threads and have a general characteristics that loops from atleast.
What Makes Up a Quality Sanding Abrasive? Vincent Welch 2008.
Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 32 Choosing and Caring for Clothes Chapter 32 Choosing and Caring for Clothes 1 Section 32.1 Shopping for Clothes.
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