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Swine (Pig) Production. Main Purpose – to produce pork for Human consumption.

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Presentation on theme: "Swine (Pig) Production. Main Purpose – to produce pork for Human consumption."— Presentation transcript:

1 Swine (Pig) Production

2 Main Purpose – to produce pork for Human consumption

3 Swine (Pig) Production Terms for Understanding Castration – the removal of testicals from the male swine for the purpose of improving feed conversion, disposition and meat quality

4 Swine (Pig) Production Terms for Understanding Boar – A male pig not castrated that is used for breeding purposes Barrow - A male pig that IS castrated that is entirely meant for pork production

5 Swine (Pig) Production Terms for Understanding Sow – A female pig that has already produces a litter of baby pigs Gilt - A female pig that has NOT produces a litter of baby pigs

6 Breeds Of Swine

7 Duroc Origin-New York/New Jersey Ears- Droopy Color- Cherry Red Misc.-Large Frame, Fast gainers, good mothers, Popular breed

8 Hampshire Origin- Kentucky Ears-Erect Color-Black with a White Belt Misc.-The “Meat Breed” Excellent Carcass

9 Berkshire Origin- England Ears-Erect Color-Black with 6 White Points Misc.-Short Snout, Meat type hog

10 Poland China Origin-Ohio Ears-Droopy Color- Black w/6White points Misc.-Long body thick hams

11 Spots (Spotted Poland China) Origin-Ohio Ears-Droopy Color-no less than 20% or more than 80% White Misc.-Good mothers, fast gainers

12 Chester White Origin- Pennsylvania Ears-Droopy Color-White with blue freckles Misc.-good mothers, large frame

13 Yorkshire Origin- England Ears-Erect Color- White Misc.-The Mother Breed, Largest Litters

14 Landrace Origin- Denmark Ears-Droopy Color-White Misc.- Extremely Long Body

15 Tamworth Origin- ? Ears-Erect Color-Red Misc.-Not Very good

16 Swine Reproduction

17 Reproduction Boar Produces sperm Fertilizes the egg Sow Produces the egg Carries the litters

18 Swine Reproduction Estrus  The period of time a sow is receptive to the male for breeding purposes  Comes every 21 days  Last for 3 days  Ovulation (egg production) occurs

19 Swine Reproduction Fertilization  The period of time in which the sperm actually unites with the eggs  Multi- fertilization which causes multi-pig litters

20 Swine Reproduction Gestation  The time between fertilization and giving birth (parturition)  114 Day or  3 months, 3 weeks, and 3 days

21 Swine Reproduction Farrowing a sow  The components of controlled delivery  Put sow in crate 1-5 Days before due date  Exercise Daily  Feed 6 lbs daily  Once babies are born add one pound per pig to ration

22 Swine Reproduction Farrowing Baby Pig Care - first 2 weeks  Have feed out from day 1  Give iron shot ¼ cc  Clip Teeth  Castrate  Ear notch

23 Swine Reproduction Ear Notching  Universal Swine Identification system  Tags will come off in the feed pen

24 Swine Reproduction Ear Notching

25 Swine Reproduction Ear Notching

26 Swine Reproduction Ear Notching Quiz

27 Swine Reproduction Ear Notching The right (litter) ear is equal to =16 The left (pig) ear is equal to 3 This is the 16-3 pig.

28 Feeds & Feeding Swine for pork  50 to 70 % of total production cost  Use a good commercial brand name feed  In General an animal will eat 3% of its body weight  Protein is the Key feed element

29 Feeds & Feeding Protein % for Swine  18%- 0-5 weeks  16% - 5 weeks to 75 lbs  14%- 75lbs to 125lbs -  12%- 125 to the market weight of 250 pounds

30 The End

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