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Identifying Breeds of Swine Mrs. Gilbreath Today you should be able to… Identify characteristics of major swine breeds. Identify characteristics of major.

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Presentation on theme: "Identifying Breeds of Swine Mrs. Gilbreath Today you should be able to… Identify characteristics of major swine breeds. Identify characteristics of major."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Identifying Breeds of Swine Mrs. Gilbreath

3 Today you should be able to… Identify characteristics of major swine breeds. Identify characteristics of major swine breeds. List advantages and disadvantages of each swine breed. List advantages and disadvantages of each swine breed. Memorize facts on swine industry. Memorize facts on swine industry.

4 Facts on Swine Industry China is the #1 producer of hogs in the world. China is the #1 producer of hogs in the world. U.S. ranks third. U.S. ranks third. In the U.S. Iowa ranks 1 st in hog production while Texas ranks 15 th. In the U.S. Iowa ranks 1 st in hog production while Texas ranks 15 th. Hogs rank second only to cattle in total livestock production in the U.S. Hogs rank second only to cattle in total livestock production in the U.S.

5 Two Categories of Swine Maternal Breeds Maternal Breeds   Known for large litters and replacement females.   Chester White   Landrace   Yorkshire Terminal Breeds Terminal Breeds   Known for growth and carcass quality. Used in terminal crosses.   Berkshire   Hampshire   Spot   Duroc   Poland China   Pietrain

6 Berkshire Originated in England Originated in England Black with 6 white points. legs, snout and switch Black with 6 white points. legs, snout and switch Short snout that is turned up Short snout that is turned up Known for producing high quality meats Known for producing high quality meats Erect ears Erect ears

7 Chester White Originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania Originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania Large in size, white with small drooped ears Large in size, white with small drooped ears Mothering breed Mothering breed Known to produce large litters that grow rapidly Known to produce large litters that grow rapidly

8 Duroc Originated in the United States Originated in the United States Solid red Solid red Drooped ears Drooped ears Very desirable carcass Very desirable carcass Excellent meat type hog Excellent meat type hog

9 Hampshire Developed in the United States Developed in the United States Probably the oldest American breed Probably the oldest American breed Black with a white belt and white front legs Black with a white belt and white front legs Good mothers Good mothers Small, erect ears Small, erect ears Well-known meat breed Well-known meat breed

10 Landrace Originated in Denmark Originated in Denmark Drooped ears Drooped ears Known for their maternal instincts Known for their maternal instincts White White Long Long Flatter-topped than other breeds Flatter-topped than other breeds

11 Poland China Originated in the US Originated in the US Noted for ability to easily gain weight Noted for ability to easily gain weight Quiet dispositions Quiet dispositions Black with white snouts, legs and switch Black with white snouts, legs and switch Generally poor mothers Generally poor mothers Drooped ears Drooped ears

12 Spots Developed in Indiana Developed in Indiana Black with white spots or white with black spots Black with white spots or white with black spots Small ears droop over the eyes Small ears droop over the eyes Efficient feeders Efficient feeders Noted for rapid weight gain Noted for rapid weight gain

13 Yorkshire Originated in Yorkshire England Originated in Yorkshire England White White Large, erect ears Large, erect ears Known as “The Mother Breed” Known as “The Mother Breed” Produces large litters Produces large litters Bacon-type hog Bacon-type hog May be most common breed in the world May be most common breed in the world

14 Pietrain Birthplace – Pietrain, Belgium Birthplace – Pietrain, Belgium Black and white spotted with erect ears Black and white spotted with erect ears Extreme muscularity and leanness Extreme muscularity and leanness Early maturing Early maturing Normally stress positive Normally stress positive Terminal sire breed Terminal sire breed

15 Today we covered and… Identified characteristics of major swine breeds. Identified characteristics of major swine breeds. Listed advantages and disadvantages of each swine breed. Listed advantages and disadvantages of each swine breed. Memorized facts on swine industry. Memorized facts on swine industry.

16 Review Texas ranks _______ in swine production in the U.S. Texas ranks _______ in swine production in the U.S. ________ is the #1 swine producer in the world ________ is the #1 swine producer in the world Name 2 Maternal Breeds Name 2 Maternal Breeds Name 3 Terminal Sire Breeds Name 3 Terminal Sire Breeds

17 Questions A breed medium in size from Denmark, long bodied, with white hair and skin, occasional freckles and very large, slightly drooping ears? A breed medium in size from Denmark, long bodied, with white hair and skin, occasional freckles and very large, slightly drooping ears?

18 Landrace

19 A large white breed imported from England and characterized by erect ears and a slightly dished face. A large white breed imported from England and characterized by erect ears and a slightly dished face.

20 Yorkshire

21 A large red breed with drooping ears, recognized for its mothering ability and carcass conformation. A large red breed with drooping ears, recognized for its mothering ability and carcass conformation.

22 Duroc

23 A large breed identified by being black in color and having percent white markings and drooping ears. A large breed identified by being black in color and having percent white markings and drooping ears.

24 Spot

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