2Today you should be able to… Identify characteristics of major swine breeds.List advantages and disadvantages of each swine breed.Memorize facts on swine industry.
3Facts on Swine Industry China is the #1 producer of hogs in the world.U.S. ranks third.In the U.S. Iowa ranks 1st in hog production while Texas ranks 15th.Hogs rank second only to cattle in total livestock production in the U.S.
4Two Categories of Swine Maternal BreedsKnown for large litters and replacement females.Chester WhiteLandraceYorkshireTerminal BreedsKnown for growth and carcass quality. Used in terminal crosses.BerkshireHampshireSpotDurocPoland ChinaPietrain
5Berkshire Originated in England Black with 6 white points. legs, snout and switchShort snout that is turned upKnown for producing high quality meatsErect ears
6Chester White Originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania Large in size, white with small drooped earsMothering breedKnown to produce large litters that grow rapidly
7Duroc Originated in the United States Solid red Drooped ears Very desirable carcassExcellent meat type hog
8Hampshire Developed in the United States Probably the oldest American breedBlack with a white belt and white front legsGood mothersSmall, erect earsWell-known meat breed
9Landrace Originated in Denmark Drooped ears Known for their maternal instinctsWhiteLongFlatter-topped than other breeds
10Poland China Originated in the US Noted for ability to easily gain weightQuiet dispositionsBlack with white snouts, legs and switchGenerally poor mothersDrooped ears
11Spots Developed in Indiana Black with white spots or white with black spotsSmall ears droop over the eyesEfficient feedersNoted for rapid weight gain
12Yorkshire Originated in Yorkshire England White Large, erect ears Known as “The Mother Breed”Produces large littersBacon-type hogMay be most common breed in the world
13Pietrain Birthplace – Pietrain, Belgium Black and white spotted with erect earsExtreme muscularity and leannessEarly maturingNormally stress positiveTerminal sire breed
14Today we covered and…Identified characteristics of major swine breeds.Listed advantages and disadvantages of each swine breed.Memorized facts on swine industry.
15Review Texas ranks _______ in swine production in the U.S. ________ is the #1 swine producer in the worldName 2 Maternal BreedsName 3 Terminal Sire Breeds
16QuestionsA breed medium in size from Denmark, long bodied, with white hair and skin, occasional freckles and very large, slightly drooping ears?