Presentation on theme: "Terms to Know Scientific name for swine: Porcine Mature male swine: Boar Mature female swine: Sow Young female swine: Gilt Altered male swine: Barrow."— Presentation transcript:
Terms to Know Scientific name for swine: Porcine Mature male swine: Boar Mature female swine: Sow Young female swine: Gilt Altered male swine: Barrow Newborn swine: Piglet Group of swine: Drove
Wholesale Cuts A. Ham B. Boston Butt C. Jowl D. Picnic Shoulder E. Loin F. Belly G. Spare Ribs
Swine Parts A. Rump B. Loin C. Back D. Shoulder E. Neck F. Snout G. Jowl H. Pastern I. Flank J. Hock K. Ham L. Side
Berkshire Color(s): Black in color with 6 white points Droop/Erect Ears: Erect ears Origin: Berkshire County, England, introduced to the U.S. in 1823. Traits: Easily identifiable by its short, turned up nose. “Meat type” hog.
Chester White Color(s): all white (sometimes has freckles) Droop/Erect Ears: Droop over eyes Origin: Developed in Pennsylvania from Cheshire, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire breeding. Traits: Noted for their mothering ability, they produce large litters.
Duroc Color(s): Solid red in color Droop/Erect Ears: Droop over eyes Origin: Developed in New Jersey from Red Berkshire. Breed was established in 1885. Traits: Popular meat type hog known for prolificacy, hardiness and growth rate.
Hampshire Color(s): Black in color with a white belt at the shoulders (includes feet) Droop/Erect Ears: Erect Ears Origin: in Southern Scotland and in Northern England. Known as the “Old English Breed.” Traits: Popular meat type animal, boars are often used as terminal sires.
Landrace Color(s): Solid white in color Droop/Erect Ears: Long ears that droop over eyes Origin: Imported to the U.S. in 1934, originated in Denmark. Traits: Extra-long body due to an extra vertebrae. Known for being extremely prolific and having excellent mothering ability.
Poland China Color(s): Black in color with 6 white points. Droop/Erect Ears: Ears that droop over the eyes Origin: Developed between 1800 and 1850 in Ohio. Traits: Has good length and thick hams, and they produce highly desirable carcasses.
Spot Color(s): Black and white in color (50/50) Droop/Erect Ears: Ears Droop over eyes Origin: Traits: Known for producing fast growing and feed efficient offspring.
Yorkshire Color(s): White Droop/Erect Ears: Erect Origin: Developed in England, imported to the U.S. in 1830 from England to Ohio. Traits: Sows are known for mothering ability.
Pietrain Color(s): Black and white spotted Droop/Erect Ears: Erect ears Origin: in Pietrain, Belgium Traits: Short legs, heavy muscled, and a high proportion of lean fat. Sows are prolific but lack mothering capability and milk production.
Pig Ear Notching & More http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=RFpgJPuSBNI http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=RFpgJPuSBNI Notching can be done 1 day from birth. Scabbing will occur the following day. Ears will be healed within a week.
Review What is a group of swine called? A. Drive B. Drove C. Group D. Herd
Review What breed of swine is solid red in color and has erect ears that droop over the eyes? This breed is also a popular meat-type hog known for its prolificacy, hardiness and growth rate. A. Landrace B. Duroc C. Hampshire D. Berkshire
Review How long are pigs Pregnant for? A. 6 Months B. 9 Months C. 3 Months 3 Weeks 3 Days D. 4 Months 3 Weeks 3 Days
Review Which breed of swine is black in color with six white points, has erect ears, and are easily identified by it’s short, upturned nose? A. Berkshire B. Hampshire C. Poland China D. Yorkshire