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Breeds and Selection of Swine Terms: §Swine: mammal in the family Suidae. Domesticated species grown for their edible flesh and fat, for their hides.

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Presentation on theme: "Breeds and Selection of Swine Terms: §Swine: mammal in the family Suidae. Domesticated species grown for their edible flesh and fat, for their hides."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Breeds and Selection of Swine

3 Terms: §Swine: mammal in the family Suidae. Domesticated species grown for their edible flesh and fat, for their hides and bristles §Hog: older swine of either sex §Pig: young swine of either sex §Pork: meat of swine

4 Continued Terms: §Boar: male swine that has not been castrated §Barrow: male swine that has been castrated §Sow: mature female swine §Gilt: immature female swine §Meat-type hog: well muscled hog that has a good length of body and an above average percentage of ham, loin, and shoulder

5 Continued Terms: §Hybrid: an animal produced from the crossing of two animals of different breeds §Hybrid vigor: the extra growth capacity contributed to hybrid animals because of the crossbreeding factor §Prolific: productive; abundant reproduction

6 Continued Terms: §Farrow: act of giving birth §Gestation period: length of pregnancy (3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days)

7 Landrace §Originated in Denmark §Drooped ears §Known for their mothering ability and large litters §White §Long §Flatter-topped than other breeds

8 Berkshire §Originated in England §Black with six white points §Once kept at Buckingham Palace §Has an acceptable carcass §Erect ears

9 Chester White §Originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania §Further developed in Delaware County, Pennsylvania §White with drooped ears

10 Duroc §Originated in the United States §Solid red §Drooped ears §Good mothering, growth rate, and feed conversion

11 Hampshire §Originated in England §Once known as thin rind §Probably the oldest American breed §Black with a white belt §Small, erect ears §Known for foraging, muscling, and carcass leanness

12 Hereford §Originated in Missouri §Developed from crossing Poland China and Durocs §Red with white face, legs and underline §Medium-sized, drooping ear §Long neck

13 Pietrain §Originated in Belgium §White with black spots §Medium sized, erect ears §Exceptionally high lean to fat ratio §Usually used in crossbreeding to improve carcass quality

14 Poland China §Originated in Ohio §Noted for low backfat and large loin eye §Quiet dispositions §Black with white snouts, legs and switch §Drooped ears

15 Spots §Developed in Indiana §Black and white spots §Drooping ears §Noted for rapid weight gain §Breeders strive to produce large frames

16 Tamworth §Originated in Ireland §Red in color §Long head and snout §Good mothers §Foraging ability

17 Yorkshire §Originated in England §White §Large, erect ears §High feed efficiency §Produces large litters §Bacon-type hog

18 Judging Hogs §Look at them from 15 feet §Type and conformation l Look at length of side and skeleton §Muscle l Look at rear view; wide back and loin; deep rump and ham; thick and firm; chest and shoulders wide §Finish l A little is desirable; no excess fat §Quality, Proportioned, Sound

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