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Published bySydney Iley
Modified over 2 years ago
Pork Industry Lets get started!
TERMS TO KNOW Sow- Mature Female pig Boar- Male pig Barrow – castrated male pig Piglet- Young pig Gilt – Immature female pig
History….. Almost all people who lived on farms raised pigs Why??? Required little space; provided side income; able to give them cheap feed; fed the family
History Cont. Main reason for raising- LARD – rendered pork fat Lard- used for cooking No synthetic oils- used lard to fry & cook
Now…… Almost all hog operations are on large farms Fed a mixed feed ration
Production Gestation period (time required to have young) – 3 months 3 weeks 3 days OR 114 days Several pigs born each litter Can quickly build up an operation
2 Types of Swine Operations Purebred Operations Commercial Operations
Purebred Operations Most hogs are registered Less than 1% of total hogs Provides industry with foundation stock Usually large public sales
Type # 2 – Commercial Divided into 3 main farms/operations 1.Farrowing Operation 2.Growing Operation 3.Finishing
Farrowing Operation Sows usually have 10-14 piglets Sows placed in a farrowing pen to protect piglets Weaned at 3-4 weeks
Growing/Nursery Weigh 10-15 pounds Placed on slotted floors Boars are castrated – to help growth Fed high protein diet to enhance growth
Finishing Usually weigh – 40-60 Will stay here until slaughter Placed in groups based on age and size Kept in climate controlled rooms Slaughter weigh 220-250lbs
Breeds Of Swine
Duroc Origin-New York/New Jersey Ears- Droopy Color- Cherry Red Misc.-Large Frame, Fast gainers, good mothers, Popular breed
Hampshire Origin- Kentucky Ears-Erect Color-Black with a White Belt Misc.-The “Meat Breed” Excellent Carcass
Berkshire Origin- England Ears-Erect Color- Black with 6 White Points Misc.- Short Snout, Meat type hog
Poland China Origin- Ohio Ears- Droopy Color- Black w/6White points Misc.-Long body thick hams
Spots (Spotted Poland China) Origin-Ohio Ears- Droopy Color-no less than 20% or more than 80% White Misc.-Good mothers, fast gainers
Chester White Origin- Pennsylvani a Ears-Droopy Color-White with blue freckles Misc.-good mothers, large frame
Yorkshire Origin- England Ears-Erect Color- White Misc.-The Mother Breed, Largest Litters
Landrace Origin- Denmark Ears-Droopy Color-White Misc.- Extremely Long Body
Tamworth Origin- ? Ears-Erect Color-Red Misc.-Not Very good
Farrowing a sow The components of controlled delivery Put sow in crate 1-5 Days before due date Exercise Daily Feed 6 lbs daily Once babies are born add one pound per pig to ration
Swine Reproduction Farrowing Baby Pig Care - first 2 weeks Have feed out from day 1 Give iron shot ¼ cc Clip Teeth Castrate Ear notch
Swine Reproduction Ear Notching Universal Swine Identification system Tags will come off in the feed pen
Swine Reproduction Ear Notching
Swine Reproduction Ear Notching
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