Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies-Sec2"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies-Sec2 Middle Colonies-Sec 3The beginningThe strugglesThe victory
2VOCABULARY ACOSTIC POEMS An easy way to remember the definition of any word
3Jamestown J…James River runs through it. A...arrived by British M…men arrivedE…even womenS...settlement in North AmericaT…town in VirginiaO…original colonyW…winters were difficultN…no food in the beginning
4Southern Colonies Jamestown -1st settlement Joint Stock company 40 miles up the James RiverLack of preparation-farming or carpentry
5Temporary Improvement John Smith workersPowhatan cornTobacco introduced1609 – 400 settlers1610 – 60 settlersRolf introduces tobacco, sell well in England
6War in Virginia Rolf marries Pocahontas Enters peaceful relations 1622 Powhatan leader killed20 year battleLondon Company couldn’t protectKing becomes Authority
7Daily life in Virginia Tobacco Plantations Head Right System – 50 acres/personIndentured servantsDemand greater than supply1619 Dutch bring slaves
8Bacon’s Rebellion Officials ask for more taxes Indentured servants attack IndiansTrade policesWanted Indian landBurns down Jamestown
9Other Southern Colonies Catholics in MarylandRaised corn, hogsTobacco for profitProtestants arriveToleration Act of 1649Religious freedom and freedom to minority
10Carolinas and Georgia 1663 Carolina formed By 1712; 20,000 Enslaved-10,000 WhitesSavannah, Georgia – a place for debtors,founded by Oglethorpe
11Economies of the South Dependant of Agriculture Export of tar and wood Tobacco, rice, indigoLong growing seasonEnslaved AfricansSlave codesOlaudah Equiano
12Section 2 The New England Colonies PilgrimsImmigrantsMayflower CompactPg 43PuritansProtestants
13Mayflower Compact Why: Practice their Christian faith, and still honor the King of EnglandRules to follow and protect themselvesSELF GOVERNING
14Samoset and Squanto Fish remains for soil Relationships with locals Trading furs
15New England Communities Different than the SouthTaught Servants and childrenPoorer, but worked togetherWomen’s rights
16The Great Migration In 1630, John Winthrop leads over 20,000 Christian community – PuritansMassachusetts Bay ColonyBoston named CapitalCome preparedNew Immigrants
17Religion and Gov’t in New England Church members – strong rolePass test of faithConnecticutFundamental OrdersProvidence, Rhode Islandformed
18New England’s Economy Harsh climate, rocky soil Grew crops, raised animalsSlavery not an issue
23Colonial Governments Some colonies were elected representation Others were elected by the GovernorsEach passed laws after approval
24Penn’s Colony Quakers in New Jersey Elected assembly – self governing Penn – proprietorPhiladelphia – brotherly loveDuke York – Delaware – to Penn
25Indentured Servants – settled in Penn Trade important Markets in West Indies and EnglandWomen ran clothing stores, bakeries etc.
26Economy of Middle Colonies Combined North and South characteristicsStaple crops – crops that are always needed.Wheat, barley, oats and livestockSlaves- Blacksmiths and carpenters
27Triangular Trade ..pg 56A system in which goods and slaves were traded among, Britain, Americans, and Africans.Pg 56Pg 62
28Middle PassageThe slave trade brought millions of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in a voyage called Middle Passage
29Brother James II becomes King of England Wants more control; England and ColoniesParliament replaces himwith daughter Mary
30England Adopts: English Bill of Rights Main Goal: To reduce the powers of the English Monarch.
31English Trade LawsMain Idea: Discover American Colonies- Earn $$ from tradeMercantilism; creating and controlling wealth through carefully controlled trade
32Navigation Act (1650-1696) (to support mercantilism) Forbade colonial trade items like; sugar or cotton with any other country than England.
33Trade only with England ? Is this freedom?Smuggling; sugar, molassesAnd rum* 1700’s found rich merchantsTrading around the world.
341700’s Revolutions Occur Religion, political and social reform. Europe and Colonies affected“ Great Awakening” & “Enlightenment”
35A period where reason and logic could improve society. Europeans examined their worldsScientist began to understand the basic laws that govern nature.
36The French and American Colonies 1675 “King Phillip Wars” - Wampanoag upset because NE colonists “taking their land”Many Indians developed trade relations with French colonists.Furs, tools, weapons, goods.
37French and British struggle .. Who was to settle Ohio River Valley?6 different American tribes uniteIndians trusted French more that English
38War between France and England Struggled for control over North American coloniesOhio Valley – 3 forts /FrenchWashington / English fortHis defeat starts the warEurope – 7 year warTaxes increases
39Treaty of Paris (pg 60) 1763 Britain and France sign treaty Canada to BritainBritain has east of the Mississippi (except New Orleans)Britain gets Florida through Spain
40Why taxes? Had to pay for the war Sugar Act Taxation without RepresentationWhat? Colonist had no say?
41More Problems… Boston Massacre: Boston Tea Party: Snowball fight – British soldiersAnd ColonistsBoston Tea Party:Sank Tea in the harbor
42What were the problems after the French and Indian War? Sugar ActTaxation without RepresentationStamp ActTownshend ActBoston MassacreThe Boston Tea PartyThe Intolerable Act
43Affects of English Bill of Rights Colonists valued their rights to elect representationDecide local issuesUsed courts to control local affairs
44Bill of Rights establishes control over the monarchy. The right to petition the kingFreedom of Speech to the ParliamentRight to keep arms for defenseRight of a trial by juryNo excessive bail, fines, and cruel punishment.
4511 Causes of the American Revolution What brought on the war between Great Britain and their American Colonies?
46Fear brought; Proclamation of 1763 This law banned British settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains, and settlers had to leave the upper Ohio Valley.
47Sugar ActRaise to pay for war(French / British)import taxSmugglers
48Taxation without Representation Taxing Colonist without approvalNo direct representation in ParliamentBoycott-refused to buy British goodsSamuel Adams and Otis spearheads
49Stamp Act A stamp or seal when buying paper items Newspapers, licenses, playing cards etc.First direct tax; not like an importPatrick Henry – Sons of LibertyRepealed – or, go away……..
50Townshend Act Duty, or tax on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Boycotting by colonistLiberty Ship seized
51Quartering Act British troops brought in for… Check for smuggling ProtectionEnforce laws
52Boston Massacre Troops brought threat to Massachusetts Resentment and tension developed3/5/1770 Snowball fightFiring began – 3 deadPropaganda written (one sided)
53Boston Tea Party Repealed Townshend; except for tea Tea Act 1773 – East India Company3 ships show up at Boston Harbor340 tea chest dumped into harbor
54Intolerable Act (Coercive Act) British upset of tea dumping; put these laws into affect.Harbor closed until ruined tea paid forMassachusetts charter cancelled
55First Continental Congress 12 representatives arrived in Philadelphia to discuss a planPresented king with Declaration of RightsExports and imports ceased.
56Lexington and Concord King reject petition British plan to seize (take) gunpowder and armsMet by minutemen
57Second Continental Congress Met and drafted a new appeal to kingGeorge Washingtonselected to head army of minutemen in Boston