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Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies- Sec2 New England Colonies- Sec2 Middle Colonies-Sec 3 Middle Colonies-Sec.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies- Sec2 New England Colonies- Sec2 Middle Colonies-Sec 3 Middle Colonies-Sec."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies- Sec2 New England Colonies- Sec2 Middle Colonies-Sec 3 Middle Colonies-Sec 3 The beginning The beginning The struggles The struggles The victory The victory

2 VOCABULARY ACOSTIC POEMS An easy way to remember the definition of any word

3 Jamestown J…James River runs through it. J…James River runs through it. A...arrived by British A...arrived by British M…men arrived M…men arrived E…even women E…even women S...settlement in North America S...settlement in North America T…town in Virginia T…town in Virginia O…original colony O…original colony W…winters were difficult W…winters were difficult N…no food in the beginning N…no food in the beginning

4 Southern Colonies Jamestown -1 st settlement Jamestown -1 st settlement Joint Stock company Joint Stock company 40 miles up the James River 40 miles up the James River Lack of preparation Lack of preparation -farming or carpentry -farming or carpentry

5 Temporary Improvement John Smith workers John Smith workers Powhatan corn Powhatan corn Tobacco introduced Tobacco introduced 1609 – 400 settlers 1609 – 400 settlers 1610 – 60 settlers 1610 – 60 settlers Rolf introduces tobacco, sell well in England Rolf introduces tobacco, sell well in England

6 War in Virginia Rolf marries Pocahontas Rolf marries Pocahontas Enters peaceful relations Enters peaceful relations 1622 Powhatan leader killed 1622 Powhatan leader killed 20 year battle 20 year battle London Company couldn’t protect London Company couldn’t protect King becomes Authority King becomes Authority

7 Daily life in Virginia Tobacco Plantations Tobacco Plantations Head Right System – 50 acres/person Head Right System – 50 acres/person Indentured servants Indentured servants Demand greater than supply Demand greater than supply 1619 Dutch bring slaves 1619 Dutch bring slaves

8 Bacon’s Rebellion Officials ask for more taxes Officials ask for more taxes Indentured servants attack Indians Indentured servants attack Indians Trade polices Trade polices Wanted Indian land Wanted Indian land Burns down Jamestown Burns down Jamestown

9 Other Southern Colonies Catholics in Maryland Catholics in Maryland Raised corn, hogs Raised corn, hogs Tobacco for profit Tobacco for profit Protestants arrive Protestants arrive Toleration Act of 1649 Toleration Act of 1649 Religious freedom and freedom to minority Religious freedom and freedom to minority

10 Carolinas and Georgia 1663 Carolina formed 1663 Carolina formed By 1712; 20,000 Enslaved-10,000 Whites By 1712; 20,000 Enslaved-10,000 Whites Savannah, Georgia – a place for debtors, founded by Oglethorpe

11 Economies of the South Dependant of Agriculture Dependant of Agriculture Export of tar and wood Export of tar and wood Tobacco, rice, indigo Tobacco, rice, indigo Long growing season Long growing season Enslaved Africans Enslaved Africans Slave codes Slave codes Olaudah Equiano Olaudah Equiano

12 Section 2 The New England Colonies Pilgrims Pilgrims Immigrants Immigrants Mayflower Compact Mayflower Compact Pg 43 Pg 43 Puritans Puritans Protestants

13 Mayflower Compact Why: Why: Practice their Christian faith, and still honor the King of England Practice their Christian faith, and still honor the King of England Rules to follow and protect themselves Rules to follow and protect themselves SELF GOVERNING SELF GOVERNING

14 Samoset and Squanto Fish remains for soil Fish remains for soil Relationships with locals Relationships with locals Trading furs Trading furs

15 New England Communities Different than the South Different than the South Taught Servants and children Taught Servants and children Poorer, but worked together Poorer, but worked together Women’s rights Women’s rights

16 The Great Migration In 1630, John Winthrop leads over 20,000 In 1630, John Winthrop leads over 20,000 Christian community – Puritans Christian community – Puritans Massachusetts Bay Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony Boston named Capital Boston named Capital Come prepared Come prepared New Immigrants New Immigrants

17 Religion and Gov’t in New England Church members – strong role Church members – strong role Pass test of faith Pass test of faith Connecticut Connecticut Fundamental Orders Fundamental Orders Providence, Rhode Island Providence, Rhode Island formed formed

18 New England’s Economy Harsh climate, rocky soil Harsh climate, rocky soil Grew crops, raised animals Grew crops, raised animals Slavery not an issue Slavery not an issue

19 Economy Merchants – traded goods; furs, beef Merchants – traded goods; furs, beef Fishing – cod, halibut, dried, whale oil Fishing – cod, halibut, dried, whale oil Shipbuilding – materials, vessels Shipbuilding – materials, vessels Craftspeople – blacksmith, weaving, printing Craftspeople – blacksmith, weaving, printing

20 Education in New England Read the Bible Read the Bible Public Education – 1647 Public Education – 1647 Higher Education Higher Education Harvard Harvard William and Mary William and Mary 1700 – 70% men 45% women – read and write in New England 1700 – 70% men 45% women – read and write in New England

21 Section 3 The Middle Colonies New York New York Pennsylvania Pennsylvania New Jersey New Jersey Delaware Delaware Pg 53; map questions Pg 53; map questions Stuyvesant – NY NJ Stuyvesant – NY NJ Director Director

22 Gov’t Life in the English Colonies English Monarch Southern Governor County meetings Middle Governor Both- town and county Meetings New England Governor Town Meetings

23 Colonial Governments Some colonies were elected representation Some colonies were elected representation Others were elected by the Governors Others were elected by the Governors Each passed laws after approval Each passed laws after approval

24 Penn’s Colony Quakers in New Jersey Quakers in New Jersey Elected assembly – self governing Elected assembly – self governing Penn – proprietor Penn – proprietor Philadelphia – brotherly love Philadelphia – brotherly love Duke York – Delaware – to Penn Duke York – Delaware – to Penn

25 Indentured Servants – settled in Penn Indentured Servants – settled in Penn Trade important Trade important Markets in West Indies and England Markets in West Indies and England Women ran clothing stores, bakeries etc. Women ran clothing stores, bakeries etc.

26 Economy of Middle Colonies Combined North and South characteristics Combined North and South characteristics Staple crops – crops that are always needed. Staple crops – crops that are always needed. Wheat, barley, oats and livestock Wheat, barley, oats and livestock Slaves- Blacksmiths and carpenters Slaves- Blacksmiths and carpenters

27 Triangular Trade.. pg 56 A system in which goods and slaves were traded among, Britain, Americans, and Africans. A system in which goods and slaves were traded among, Britain, Americans, and Africans. Pg 56 Pg 56 Pg 62 Pg 62

28 Middle Passage The slave trade brought millions of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in a voyage called Middle Passage The slave trade brought millions of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in a voyage called Middle Passage

29 Brother James II becomes King of England Wants more control; England and Colonies Wants more control; England and Colonies Parliament replaces him Parliament replaces him with daughter Mary

30 England Adopts: English Bill of Rights Main Goal: To reduce the powers of the English Monarch. Main Goal: To reduce the powers of the English Monarch.

31 English Trade Laws Main Idea: Discover American Colonies- Earn $$ from trade Main Idea: Discover American Colonies- Earn $$ from trade Mercantilism; creating and controlling wealth through carefully controlled trade Mercantilism; creating and controlling wealth through carefully controlled trade

32 Navigation Act ( ) (to support mercantilism) Forbade colonial trade items like; sugar or cotton with any other country than England. Forbade colonial trade items like; sugar or cotton with any other country than England.

33 Trade only with England ? Is this freedom? Is this freedom? Smuggling; sugar, molasses Smuggling; sugar, molasses And rum * 1700’s found rich merchants Trading around the world.

34 1700’s Revolutions Occur Religion, political and social reform. Religion, political and social reform. Europe and Colonies affected Europe and Colonies affected “ Great Awakening” & “Enlightenment” “ Great Awakening” & “Enlightenment”

35 A period where reason and logic could improve society. Europeans examined their worlds Europeans examined their worlds Scientist began to understand the basic laws that govern nature. Scientist began to understand the basic laws that govern nature.

36 The French and American Colonies 1675 “King Phillip Wars” - Wampanoag upset because NE colonists “taking their land” 1675 “King Phillip Wars” - Wampanoag upset because NE colonists “taking their land” Many Indians developed trade relations with French colonists. Many Indians developed trade relations with French colonists. Furs, tools, weapons, goods. Furs, tools, weapons, goods.

37 French and British struggle.. Who was to settle Ohio River Valley? Who was to settle Ohio River Valley? 6 different American tribes unite 6 different American tribes unite Indians trusted French more that English Indians trusted French more that English

38 War between France and England Struggled for control over North American colonies Struggled for control over North American colonies Ohio Valley – 3 forts /French Ohio Valley – 3 forts /French Washington / English fort Washington / English fort His defeat starts the war His defeat starts the war Europe – 7 year war Europe – 7 year war Taxes increases Taxes increases

39 Treaty of Paris (pg 60) 1763 Britain and France sign treaty 1763 Britain and France sign treaty Canada to Britain Canada to Britain Britain has east of the Mississippi (except New Orleans) Britain has east of the Mississippi (except New Orleans) Britain gets Florida through Spain Britain gets Florida through Spain

40 Why taxes? Had to pay for the war Had to pay for the war Sugar Act Sugar Act Taxation without Representation Taxation without Representation What? Colonist had no say? What? Colonist had no say?

41 More Problems… Boston Massacre: Boston Massacre: Snowball fight – British soldiers Snowball fight – British soldiers And Colonists Boston Tea Party: Boston Tea Party: Sank Tea in the harbor Sank Tea in the harbor

42 What were the problems after the French and Indian War? Sugar Act Sugar Act Taxation without Representation Taxation without Representation Stamp Act Stamp Act Townshend Act Townshend Act Boston Massacre Boston Massacre The Boston Tea Party The Boston Tea Party The Intolerable Act The Intolerable Act

43 Affects of English Bill of Rights Colonists valued their rights to elect representation Colonists valued their rights to elect representation Decide local issues Decide local issues Used courts to control local affairs Used courts to control local affairs

44 Bill of Rights establishes control over the monarchy. The right to petition the king The right to petition the king Freedom of Speech to the Parliament Freedom of Speech to the Parliament Right to keep arms for defense Right to keep arms for defense Right of a trial by jury Right of a trial by jury No excessive bail, fines, and cruel punishment. No excessive bail, fines, and cruel punishment.

45 11 Causes of the American Revolution What brought on the war between Great Britain and their American Colonies? What brought on the war between Great Britain and their American Colonies?

46 Fear brought; Proclamation of 1763 This law banned British settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains, and settlers had to leave the upper Ohio Valley. This law banned British settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains, and settlers had to leave the upper Ohio Valley.

47 Sugar Act Raise to pay for war Raise to pay for war (French / British) import tax import tax Smugglers Smugglers

48 Taxation without Representation Taxing Colonist without approval Taxing Colonist without approval No direct representation in Parliament No direct representation in Parliament Boycott-refused to buy British goods Boycott-refused to buy British goods Samuel Adams and Otis spearheads Samuel Adams and Otis spearheads

49 Stamp Act A stamp or seal when buying paper items A stamp or seal when buying paper items Newspapers, licenses, playing cards etc. Newspapers, licenses, playing cards etc. First direct tax; not like an import First direct tax; not like an import Patrick Henry – Sons of Liberty Patrick Henry – Sons of Liberty Repealed – or, go away…….. Repealed – or, go away……..

50 Townshend Act Duty, or tax on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Duty, or tax on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Boycotting by colonist Boycotting by colonist Liberty Ship seized Liberty Ship seized

51 Quartering Act British troops brought in for… British troops brought in for… Check for smuggling Check for smuggling Protection Protection Enforce laws Enforce laws

52 Boston Massacre Troops brought threat to Massachusetts Troops brought threat to Massachusetts Resentment and tension developed Resentment and tension developed 3/5/1770 Snowball fight 3/5/1770 Snowball fight Firing began – 3 dead Firing began – 3 dead Propaganda written (one sided) Propaganda written (one sided)

53 Boston Tea Party Repealed Townshend; except for tea Repealed Townshend; except for tea Tea Act 1773 – East India Company Tea Act 1773 – East India Company 3 ships show up at Boston Harbor 3 ships show up at Boston Harbor 340 tea chest dumped into harbor 340 tea chest dumped into harbor

54 Intolerable Act (Coercive Act) British upset of tea dumping; put these laws into affect. British upset of tea dumping; put these laws into affect. Harbor closed until ruined tea paid for Harbor closed until ruined tea paid for Massachusetts charter cancelled Massachusetts charter cancelled

55 First Continental Congress 12 representatives arrived in Philadelphia to discuss a plan 12 representatives arrived in Philadelphia to discuss a plan Presented king with Declaration of Rights Presented king with Declaration of Rights Exports and imports ceased. Exports and imports ceased.

56 Lexington and Concord King reject petition King reject petition British plan to seize (take) gunpowder and arms British plan to seize (take) gunpowder and arms Met by minutemen Met by minutemen

57 Second Continental Congress Met and drafted a new appeal to king Met and drafted a new appeal to king George Washington George Washington selected to head army of minutemen in Boston


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