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Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies-Sec2

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies-Sec2"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2; Section 1 Southern Colonies-Sec1 New England Colonies-Sec2
Middle Colonies-Sec 3 The beginning The struggles The victory

An easy way to remember the definition of any word

3 Jamestown J…James River runs through it. A...arrived by British
M…men arrived E…even women S...settlement in North America T…town in Virginia O…original colony W…winters were difficult N…no food in the beginning

4 Southern Colonies Jamestown -1st settlement Joint Stock company
40 miles up the James River Lack of preparation -farming or carpentry

5 Temporary Improvement
John Smith workers Powhatan corn Tobacco introduced 1609 – 400 settlers 1610 – 60 settlers Rolf introduces tobacco, sell well in England

6 War in Virginia Rolf marries Pocahontas Enters peaceful relations
1622 Powhatan leader killed 20 year battle London Company couldn’t protect King becomes Authority

7 Daily life in Virginia Tobacco Plantations
Head Right System – 50 acres/person Indentured servants Demand greater than supply 1619 Dutch bring slaves

8 Bacon’s Rebellion Officials ask for more taxes
Indentured servants attack Indians Trade polices Wanted Indian land Burns down Jamestown

9 Other Southern Colonies
Catholics in Maryland Raised corn, hogs Tobacco for profit Protestants arrive Toleration Act of 1649 Religious freedom and freedom to minority

10 Carolinas and Georgia 1663 Carolina formed
By 1712; 20,000 Enslaved-10,000 Whites Savannah, Georgia – a place for debtors, founded by Oglethorpe

11 Economies of the South Dependant of Agriculture Export of tar and wood
Tobacco, rice, indigo Long growing season Enslaved Africans Slave codes Olaudah Equiano

12 Section 2 The New England Colonies
Pilgrims Immigrants Mayflower Compact Pg 43 Puritans Protestants

13 Mayflower Compact Why:
Practice their Christian faith, and still honor the King of England Rules to follow and protect themselves SELF GOVERNING

14 Samoset and Squanto Fish remains for soil Relationships with locals
Trading furs

15 New England Communities
Different than the South Taught Servants and children Poorer, but worked together Women’s rights

16 The Great Migration In 1630, John Winthrop leads over 20,000
Christian community – Puritans Massachusetts Bay Colony Boston named Capital Come prepared New Immigrants

17 Religion and Gov’t in New England
Church members – strong role Pass test of faith Connecticut Fundamental Orders Providence, Rhode Island formed

18 New England’s Economy Harsh climate, rocky soil
Grew crops, raised animals Slavery not an issue

19 Economy Merchants – traded goods; furs, beef
Fishing – cod, halibut, dried, whale oil Shipbuilding – materials, vessels Craftspeople – blacksmith, weaving, printing

20 Education in New England
Read the Bible Public Education – 1647 Higher Education Harvard William and Mary 1700 – 70% men 45% women – read and write in New England

21 Section 3 The Middle Colonies
New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware Pg 53; map questions Stuyvesant – NY NJ Director

22 Gov’t Life in the English Colonies

23 Colonial Governments Some colonies were elected representation
Others were elected by the Governors Each passed laws after approval

24 Penn’s Colony Quakers in New Jersey Elected assembly – self governing
Penn – proprietor Philadelphia – brotherly love Duke York – Delaware – to Penn

25 Indentured Servants – settled in Penn Trade important
Markets in West Indies and England Women ran clothing stores, bakeries etc.

26 Economy of Middle Colonies
Combined North and South characteristics Staple crops – crops that are always needed. Wheat, barley, oats and livestock Slaves- Blacksmiths and carpenters

27 Triangular Trade 56 A system in which goods and slaves were traded among, Britain, Americans, and Africans. Pg 56 Pg 62

28 Middle Passage The slave trade brought millions of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in a voyage called Middle Passage

29 Brother James II becomes King of England
Wants more control; England and Colonies Parliament replaces him with daughter Mary

30 England Adopts: English Bill of Rights
Main Goal: To reduce the powers of the English Monarch.

31 English Trade Laws Main Idea: Discover American Colonies- Earn $$ from trade Mercantilism; creating and controlling wealth through carefully controlled trade

32 Navigation Act (1650-1696) (to support mercantilism)
Forbade colonial trade items like; sugar or cotton with any other country than England.

33 Trade only with England ?
Is this freedom? Smuggling; sugar, molasses And rum * 1700’s found rich merchants Trading around the world.

34 1700’s Revolutions Occur Religion, political and social reform.
Europe and Colonies affected “ Great Awakening” & “Enlightenment”

35 A period where reason and logic could improve society.
Europeans examined their worlds Scientist began to understand the basic laws that govern nature.

36 The French and American Colonies
1675 “King Phillip Wars” - Wampanoag upset because NE colonists “taking their land” Many Indians developed trade relations with French colonists. Furs, tools, weapons, goods.

37 French and British struggle ..
Who was to settle Ohio River Valley? 6 different American tribes unite Indians trusted French more that English

38 War between France and England
Struggled for control over North American colonies Ohio Valley – 3 forts /French Washington / English fort His defeat starts the war Europe – 7 year war Taxes increases

39 Treaty of Paris (pg 60) 1763 Britain and France sign treaty
Canada to Britain Britain has east of the Mississippi (except New Orleans) Britain gets Florida through Spain

40 Why taxes? Had to pay for the war Sugar Act
Taxation without Representation What? Colonist had no say?

41 More Problems… Boston Massacre: Boston Tea Party:
Snowball fight – British soldiers And Colonists Boston Tea Party: Sank Tea in the harbor

42 What were the problems after the French and Indian War?
Sugar Act Taxation without Representation Stamp Act Townshend Act Boston Massacre The Boston Tea Party The Intolerable Act

43 Affects of English Bill of Rights
Colonists valued their rights to elect representation Decide local issues Used courts to control local affairs

44 Bill of Rights establishes control over the monarchy.
The right to petition the king Freedom of Speech to the Parliament Right to keep arms for defense Right of a trial by jury No excessive bail, fines, and cruel punishment.

45 11 Causes of the American Revolution
What brought on the war between Great Britain and their American Colonies?

46 Fear brought; Proclamation of 1763
This law banned British settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains, and settlers had to leave the upper Ohio Valley.

47 Sugar Act Raise to pay for war (French / British) import tax Smugglers

48 Taxation without Representation
Taxing Colonist without approval No direct representation in Parliament Boycott-refused to buy British goods Samuel Adams and Otis spearheads

49 Stamp Act A stamp or seal when buying paper items
Newspapers, licenses, playing cards etc. First direct tax; not like an import Patrick Henry – Sons of Liberty Repealed – or, go away……..

50 Townshend Act Duty, or tax on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
Boycotting by colonist Liberty Ship seized

51 Quartering Act British troops brought in for… Check for smuggling
Protection Enforce laws

52 Boston Massacre Troops brought threat to Massachusetts
Resentment and tension developed 3/5/1770 Snowball fight Firing began – 3 dead Propaganda written (one sided)

53 Boston Tea Party Repealed Townshend; except for tea
Tea Act 1773 – East India Company 3 ships show up at Boston Harbor 340 tea chest dumped into harbor

54 Intolerable Act (Coercive Act)
British upset of tea dumping; put these laws into affect. Harbor closed until ruined tea paid for Massachusetts charter cancelled

55 First Continental Congress
12 representatives arrived in Philadelphia to discuss a plan Presented king with Declaration of Rights Exports and imports ceased.

56 Lexington and Concord King reject petition
British plan to seize (take) gunpowder and arms Met by minutemen

57 Second Continental Congress
Met and drafted a new appeal to king George Washington selected to head army of minutemen in Boston

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