2Navigation Acts 1651Law passed by Britain that said the colonist could only trade with the British.Only British ships could be used for transport.All European imports had to go through England.Taxes on exported goods the colonists sent to other countries besides England.Effect: Smuggling
3French and Indian WarBritain (+ colonists) fought the French and Indians to gain control of the Ohio Valley territory.Effect: Britain wins, but is in debt and Parliament raises taxes.
4Proclamation Line 1763The colonist could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains after the French and Indian War. British can’t afford to protect colonists from Indians raids after war.Effect: Anger towards British government .
5Sugar Acts 1764England raised taxes on molasses and other luxury items.Effect: Colonist increased smuggling.
6Writs of AssistanceLaw let British soldiers go through homes and search for goods and take them. (Due to increased smuggling.)Effect: Colonists upset that homes, businesses, and ships are no longer private.
7Quartering Act 1765Colonist had to house and supply soldiers who were enforcing Proclamation Line 1763.This made colonists pay for their protection.Effect: Colonist resentment toward Britain deepens. New York colonist refuse to house soldiers.
8Stamp Act 1765The first direct tax placed on colonists. Colonists had no representation in parliament.Effect: Stamp Act Congress, Boycotts, protests
9Stamp Act Congress 1765Nine colonies sent representatives to New York to write a petition against the stamp act.Effect: Starts many protests causing the Townshend Act.
10Sons of LibertySecret society that organized protests against British taxes.Effect: British viewed the Sons of Liberty as traitors and for colonist this group raised the idea of independence.
11Townshend Acts 1767Suspended New York assembly. Colonist had to pay duties(taxes) on glass, paper, paint, lead and tea. Writs of Assistance: British soldiers could search anywhere at anytime for anything.Effect: Boycott on British goods and the Boston Massacre.
12Boston Massacre 1770 5 colonists killed by British soldiers. Effect- word spreads that Britain has unjustly killed colonists. Outrage!
13Tea Act of 1773 Colonist could only buy British tea. Effect: The Boston Tea Party
14Boston Tea Party 1773The Sons of Liberty in Boston organized a protest against the Tea Act. They dressed as Native Americans and dumped tea into the Boston Harbor.Effect: Caused the Intolerable Acts.
15Edenton Tea PartyWomen protested the Tea Act in Edenton North Carolina.Effect: Abigail Adams asked for the right for women to vote to be included in the Declaration of Independence.
16Intolerable Acts 1774British closed the Boston port until the tea was paid for, restricted assembly in Massachusetts, forced the colonist to house troops in all colonies, British officials face trials in Britain instead of colonies.Effects: Call for a Continental Congress to protect their rights as English citizens.
17Regulators 1771An association to protest citizens against the abuse of the British government.Effect: Battle of Alamance which ended the regulator movement in NC.
18Committees of Correspondence Organization started by Samuel Adams to pass information from one colony to another.Effect: This group helped call the first Continental Congress (to complain about Intolerable Acts) and keep communication flowing during the American Revolution.
19Lexington and Concord- 1775 British go to seize gunpowder and arms, colonists are warned by minutemen and fight back = 1st battles of war!Effect- 2nd Continental Congress meets and will draft Declaration of Independence