Presentation on theme: "Life in the English Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1 Life in the English Colonies Chapter 3 Section 4Life in the English Colonies
2 Life in the English Colonies Colonial GovernmentsEach colony had its own government and it was given power from the chartersEach had a governor and an advisory councilAll laws had to be approved by the governor and councilVirginia had the first colonial legislature in North America with its AssemblyWas a unicameral but became bi-cameral later onNew England Colonies had town meetings where politics took placeIn the south many major decisions took place at the county level not the colonial level
3 Life in the English Colonies Political Changes in England1685- King James II takes overThought the colonies were too independentPut all New England colonies under the dominion of New England and named Edmund Andros governorColonists felt Andros was too strict because he limited their powers
4 Life in the English Colonies English Bill of RightsParliament replaced James and wrote the English Bill of Rights in 1689Reduced power of English MonarchAllowed colonists to decide on local issuesColonial CourtsColonists used the courts to control local affairsProtected individual rightsExample is John Zenger who printed material that some thought was slanderousCourt said he could write whatever as long is was the truth
5 Life in the English Colonies English Trade LawsMain reason for the colonies was to earn moneyEngland practiced mercantilismCreating and maintaining wealth and power through tradeTo support the English passed the Navigation ActsKept certain things that could be traded, and taxes could be put on the goodsPeople were not happy with the acts at all and looked at smuggling and other trade means.
6 Life in the English Colonies Triangular TradeSystem in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and AfricaMiddle PassageOne version of the triangular tradeRum for slaves on the west African coast, then to the West Indies for molassesBrought millions of slaves to Atlantic Ocean
7 Life in the English Colonies Great AwakeningReligious movement that spread the religion throughout the colonies in the 1730’s and 1740’sJonathon Edwards was a leader of the movementHeld sermons that got people to repent and ask for forgiveness or they would go to HellThe revivals became social events that people not only talked religion but also discussed politics and political equality.
8 Life in the English Colonies EnlightenmentMovement during the 1700’s that spread the ideas of logic could improve societyWhat brought this on?Scientists started to understand our world more and using scientific methods and other systematic approaches to solve issuesWhat kind of ideas came from the Enlightenment period?Ideas of Social Contracts and Natural Rights that all men should have (John Locke),
9 Life in the English Colonies French and Indian War ( )As more and more colonists show up there tensions start to grow between them and the native peoplesThe Wampanoag Leader, Metacomet aka King Phillip, was upset at his land being taken and he starts to fight against themDeclared war in 1675 and War ended in 1676Over 600 Colonist killed along with 3,000 Native AmericansAfter the war England and French colonists work different groups of Native AmericansFrench- Algonquian and HuronEnglish – Iroquois League
10 Life in the English Colonies War EruptsProblems in Europe lead to War in the AmericaBoth French and English wanted to settle the Ohio River Valley1753- The British attack French Forts in the valleyFrench fight the British with help of the local tribesFrench and Indian War went along with the Seven Years War in EuropeFrench and Natives were more successful early on but ended up getting defeated in 1759 at Quebec by James Wolfe.
11 Life in the English Colonies War Ends with signing of Treaty of Paris in 1763Canada and all lands east of the Mississippi river except New Orleans went to the BritishBritish also gain Florida from Spain who was an ally of the French
12 Life in the English Colonies Western FrontierAs British start to move into the area, Chief’s like Pontiac attack them. He defeats many British colonistsTo avoid more and more conflict, King George III issues the Proclamation of 1763Law bans settlement west of the Appalachian and to leave the upper Ohio River.