2True or FalseThe original 13 colonies were all very similar to each other.
3False New England: small farms, lumbering, fishing, ship building Middle: farmingSouthern: plantations, cash crops such as tobacco, rice and indigo, majority of slaves and indentured servants
4True or FalseThe original 13 colonies were British colonies.
5TrueGreat Britain ruled the colonies for more than 150 years ( )In the 1600s Britain, France, and Spain are fighting to gain territories around the world.In 1754, the French and Indian War was a 10 year battle over the Ohio Valley which left Britain with huge debt.
6True or FalseThe 13 colonies were economically dependent on Britain.
7False By the 1770s, most colonies were self-sufficient. Most colonists had more rights than their European counterparts. Colonists wanted to maintain these rights.Colonists were still dependent on the British for military protection.
8True or FalseAfter the French and Indian War, Britain agrees to pay for the debt of the war and allow the colonies to continue in their “independence.”
9FalseAfter the French and Indian War, King George III started to take away freedoms that the colonists had taken for granted.Proclamation of 1763Quartering ActThe Stamp ActThe Boston MassacreThe Boston Tea PartyThe Intolerable ActsTownshend Acts
10True or FalseAll the colonists agree to declare independence.
11False Loyalists Who were they? Patriots Who were they? Remain loyal to BritainWho were they?Rich land owners, governors, religious leadersPatriotsWant independenceWho were they?MerchantsFarmersCraftsmenTradesmen
12Copy Chart Aftermath of the War The Stamp Act The Townshend Acts The Boston MassacreThe Boston Tea PartyThe Intolerable Acts
13Aftermath of the War Proclamation of 1763 Banned settlement west of Appalachians.“British stationed 10,000 troops in colonies to maintain orderMany colonists saw this as a “standing army”Sugar ActHalved duty on foreign made molassesPlaced duties on certain importsStrengthened enforcement of law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiral court instead of colonial court
15The Stamp Act March 1765: The Stamp Act Required colonists to purchase special stamped paper for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, etc.Impacted every colonistResistance led by Sons of Liberty and Sam AdamsNo stamps were soldColonies passed laws saying colonists could only be taxed by that colonyStamp Act CongressRepealed in March 1766, but passed the Declaratory Act.“to bind the colonies and people of America… in all cases.”
16The Townshend Acts 1767: Townshend Acts passed by Parliament Taxes placed on imported materials from Britain such as glass, paint, and paper.Imposed a three penny tax on tea.Colonists again resisted.“Taxation without representation”John Hancock accused of smuggling2,000 “redcoats” stationed in Boston
17The Boston Massacre British “presence” in Boston angered colonists March 1770: Mob gathered near Customs House and taunted guards.Crispus Attucks and four others were killed.Labeled the “Boston Massacre” by Sam Adams.
20Boston Tea PartyBritish East India Company held monopoly on tea imports, but weren’t profiting b/c of boycotts.Tea Act: Granted company the right to sell tea to colonies free of taxes that tea sellers had to pay.December 16, 1773Colonists, disguised as Native Americans, dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor
21The Intolerable ActsKing George III was infuriated by the colonists actions.1774: Intolerable ActsShut down Boston HarborQuartering ActAppointed Chief of British Forces as new governor of MA and he placed Boston under martial lawColonists reactionFirst Continental Congress (Sept. 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia)
22What do you think?How would you respond to these laws passed by a distant government?