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Chapter 4- Section 1.   The original 13 colonies were all very similar to each other. True or False.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4- Section 1.   The original 13 colonies were all very similar to each other. True or False."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4- Section 1

2   The original 13 colonies were all very similar to each other. True or False

3  False  New England : small farms, lumbering, fishing, ship building  Middle: farming  Southern: plantations, cash crops such as tobacco, rice and indigo, majority of slaves and indentured servants

4   The original 13 colonies were British colonies. True or False

5  True Great Britain ruled the colonies for more than 150 years (1607- 1776) In the 1600s Britain, France, and Spain are fighting to gain territories around the world. In 1754, the French and Indian War was a 10 year battle over the Ohio Valley which left Britain with huge debt.

6   The 13 colonies were economically dependent on Britain. True or False

7   By the 1770s, most colonies were self- sufficient.  Most colonists had more rights than their European counterparts. Colonists wanted to maintain these rights.  Colonists were still dependent on the British for military protection. False

8   After the French and Indian War, Britain agrees to pay for the debt of the war and allow the colonies to continue in their “independence.” True or False

9   After the French and Indian War, King George III started to take away freedoms that the colonists had taken for granted.  Proclamation of 1763  Quartering Act  The Stamp Act  The Boston Massacre  The Boston Tea Party  The Intolerable Acts  Townshend Acts False

10   All the colonists agree to declare independence. True or False

11  False  Loyalists  Remain loyal to Britain  Who were they?  Rich land owners, governors, religious leaders  Patriots  Want independence  Who were they?  Merchants  Farmers  Craftsmen  Tradesmen

12  Copy Chart

13   Proclamation of 1763  Banned settlement west of Appalachians.  “British stationed 10,000 troops in colonies to maintain order  Many colonists saw this as a “standing army”  Sugar Act  Halved duty on foreign made molasses  Placed duties on certain imports  Strengthened enforcement of law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiral court instead of colonial court Aftermath of the War

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15   March 1765: The Stamp Act  Required colonists to purchase special stamped paper for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, etc.  Impacted every colonist  Resistance led by Sons of Liberty and Sam Adams  No stamps were sold  Colonies passed laws saying colonists could only be taxed by that colony  Stamp Act Congress  Repealed in March 1766, but passed the Declaratory Act.  “to bind the colonies and people of America… in all cases.” The Stamp Act

16   1767: Townshend Acts passed by Parliament  Taxes placed on imported materials from Britain such as glass, paint, and paper.  Imposed a three penny tax on tea.  Colonists again resisted.  “Taxation without representation”  John Hancock accused of smuggling  2,000 “redcoats” stationed in Boston The Townshend Acts

17   British “presence” in Boston angered colonists  March 1770: Mob gathered near Customs House and taunted guards.  Crispus Attucks and four others were killed.  Labeled the “Boston Massacre” by Sam Adams. The Boston Massacre

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20   British East India Company held monopoly on tea imports, but weren’t profiting b/c of boycotts.  Tea Act: Granted company the right to sell tea to colonies free of taxes that tea sellers had to pay.  December 16, 1773  Colonists, disguised as Native Americans, dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor Boston Tea Party

21   King George III was infuriated by the colonists actions.  1774: Intolerable Acts  Shut down Boston Harbor  Quartering Act  Appointed Chief of British Forces as new governor of MA and he placed Boston under martial law  Colonists reaction  First Continental Congress (Sept. 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia) The Intolerable Acts

22   How would you respond to these laws passed by a distant government? What do you think?


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