Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to the Colonies 7th Grade American History
2 The New England Colonies 1. Massachusetts(Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay)2. Connecticut3. New Hampshire4. Rhode Island
3 The New England Colonies Culture:Lived in organized townsCenter of town was a meeting houseEveryone should read so that they could read the Bible!Education was very importantGeography:Cold weatherHarsh Climate and poor soilHarbors/ sea ports on the water for tradeEconomy:Very Diverse- lots of different ways to make money!Everyone was required to work (men, women and children)Farming was main economic activityOther important economic activities:mills, fishermen, or shipbuilders because of the plentiful forests and timber available
4 New England Colonies Important Figures and Groups: Religious Freedom in Massachusetts:Protestants ( followers of the Anglican Church)Massachusetts Bay:Puritans wanted to change or reform the church; followed the pilgrims…Plymouth:Pilgrims wanted to break away from it altogether and form a new churchTheir ship was called the MayflowerTheir leader was William BradfordJohn WinthropAnne HutchinsonSquanto and Samoset
5 The Middle ColoniesNew YorkNew JerseyPennsylvaniaDelaware
6 The Middle Colonies Geography Had better soil and milder climate than the New England coloniesThey grew large quantities of crops known as cash crops.CultureMany ethnic groups and many religious groupsReligious freedom was VERY important to themEducation was respected but not a priorityEconomyCash crops are crops that could be sold in all colonies and overseas.Diversity in jobs (carpentry, flour making, lumber, & mining.)
7 The Middle Colonies Important Figures and People William Penn- given land by King Charles and called his land PennsylvaniaThe Dutch- New Amsterdam (aka New York)The Quakers- Religious group in Pennsylvania.
8 The Middle ColoniesWilliam Penn belonged to a Protestant group called the Society of Friends, or Quakers.The Quakers believed that people had an “inner light” and that everyone was equal in God’s eyesThe Quakers were tolerant of the views of others religions.William Penn personally designed Philadelphia, the “city of brotherly love,” based on the Quakers beliefs.
9 The Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia
10 The Southern Colonies Geography: Economy Rich soil and warm climate made the southern colonies perfect for farming.Tobacco, indigo, and riceEconomyLimited economy that was based on agriculture and had no need for commerce or industryMain cash crops were tobacco and riceIndentured Servants
11 The Southern Colonies Culture: Important Figures: Two main social classes: the rich upper class and the lower class.Limited education with out many schoolsImportant Figures:John SmithPocahontasJohn RolfeCatholics
13 Do NOW!Go directly to your seat, take out your binder, and open to the Bellringer sention.
14 What do you think is happening in the picture? How would you describe the emotions seen in the picture?Come up with one sentence you would use as a caption for this picture.
15 Establishing a Colony Colonists were still ruled by England For each colony, the King of England issued a charterA charter was a formal document that outlined the geographic boundaries for each colony and specified how they would be governedDistance made direct rule difficult
16 Rights of the Colonists As time went on, colonies gained more freedomsEach colony was ruled by a governor in America, some even electedColonists held town meetings to talk about and decide local issues of interestEnglish monarch, King James II, passed laws to unite New England colonies under one dominion and limit the powers of the colonists; very unpopular!King James II replaced!English Bill of Rights passed in 1689Colonial courts established to rule people and protect personal freedoms
17 English Trade Triangular trade England valued colonies as a source of trade.England practiced MercantilismA system of creating and maintaining wealth through carefully controlled tradeEnglish control angered some colonistsTriangular trade
18 Navigation ActsEngland passed series of Navigation Acts to limit colonial trade with other countriesExample: the Navigation Act of 1660Forbade colonists from trading specific items with any country other than EnglandRequired colonists to use English ships to transport goodsEngland said they were good for colonies
20 Document Based Questions In the first part of the passage, what are some similarities and differences Smith lists about the Jamestown and England?How did the tone of John Smith’s Tale change after the colonists’ largest ship left Jamestown to sail back to England?According to the passage, how would you describe the relationship between the settlers and the Native Americans?After being elected to rule Jamestown, John Smith made the rule: “He that will not work shall not eat.” What do you think this rule says about life in the colonies at this time?