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Vocabulary: Chapter 5 Causes Patriot Leaders British Leaders Battles Declaration of Independence Boston Tea Party Boston Massacre Vocabulary: Chapter.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary: Chapter 5 Causes Patriot Leaders British Leaders Battles Declaration of Independence Boston Tea Party Boston Massacre Vocabulary: Chapter."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Vocabulary: Chapter 5 Causes Patriot Leaders British Leaders Battles Declaration of Independence Boston Tea Party Boston Massacre Vocabulary: Chapter 6 Protest Methods

4 1. The French and Indian War The French and Indian War The French and Indian War 2. Albany Plan of Union Albany Plan of UnionAlbany Plan of Union 3. Treaty of Paris, 1763 Treaty of Paris, 1763Treaty of Paris, Pontiac’s War Pontiac’s WarPontiac’s War 5. Proclamation Act of 1763 Proclamation Act of 1763Proclamation Act of Stamp Act Stamp ActStamp Act 7. Boycott Boycott Boycott 8. Repeal Repeal 9. Townshend Acts Townshend ActsTownshend Acts 10. Writ of assistance Writ of assistanceWrit of assistance 11. Boston Massacre Boston MassacreBoston Massacre 12. Committee of correspondence Committee of correspondenceCommittee of correspondence 13. Tea Act Tea ActTea Act 14. Boston Tea Party Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party 15. Intolerable Act Intolerable ActIntolerable Act 16. First Continental Congress First Continental CongressFirst Continental Congress 17. Militia Militia 18. Minuteman Minuteman 19. Battles of Lexington Battles of LexingtonBattles of Lexington and Concord and Concord Click to go back to main menu

5 The French and Indian War was a war that took place from 1754 to 1763 between England and France. Both aided by Native American Allies, that led to the end of French power in North America.

6 The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies and provided for the common defense against the French. Benjamin Franklin’s Cartoon. Created cartoon to convince colonists to accept his Albany Plan of Union.

7 The Treaty of Paris of 1763 was an agreement between Britain and France that ended the French and Indian War, and it marked the end of French power in North America.

8 Treaty that ended the French and Indian War. The treaty ended French power in North America and made Great Britain the most powerful European country in the New World.

9 Pontiac’s War was a 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area and eventually led to the Proclamation Act of 1763.

10 The Proclamation Act of 1763 was a law forbidding English colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. Halt!

11 The Stamp Act was a 1765 law that placed new duties on legal documents, and taxed newspapers, almanacs, playing cards and dice.

12 Repeal means to cancel. After colonists boycotted certain goods taxed by the British government, parliament would repeal the tax.

13 The Townshend Acts were laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paint, and lead.

14 Writ of Assistance was a legal document that allowed British customs officials to inspect a ship’s cargo without giving a reason. Writ of Assistance was a legal document that allowed British customs officials to inspect a ship’s cargo without giving a reason.

15 The Boston Massacre was a 1770 conflict between colonists and British troops in which five colonists were killed. Paul Revere’s engraving of the Boston Massacre.

16 Committee of Correspondence was a letter writing campaign that became a major tool of protest in the colonies.

17 A boycott is a refusal to buy goods or service. This was a popular protest method used by the colonists against British taxes.

18 The Tea Act was a 1773 law that let the British East India Company bypass tea merchants and sell tea directly to colonists.

19 The Boston Tea Party was a 1773 protest in which colonists dressed as Indians and dumped British tea into Boston harbor.

20 The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws passed in 1774 to punish colonist in Boston for the Boston Tea Party. The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws passed in 1774 to punish colonist in Boston for the Boston Tea Party. To punish the colonists, King George III closed the port of Boston until the tea that was destroyed was repaid for. To punish the colonists, King George III closed the port of Boston until the tea that was destroyed was repaid for. The colonists could not have anymore town meetings. The colonists could not have anymore town meetings. And a new Quartering act was introduced. And a new Quartering act was introduced.

21 The First Continental Congress was a meeting in Philadelphia of delegates from the 12 colonies in The First Continental Congress was a meeting in Philadelphia of delegates from the 12 colonies in In this meeting, delegates debated on what to do about the Intolerable Acts. In this meeting, delegates debated on what to do about the Intolerable Acts. They decided to boycott British products and to start militias throughout the colonies. They decided to boycott British products and to start militias throughout the colonies.

22 A militia is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency.

23 A Minuteman was a colonial militia volunteer who was prepared to fight at a minute’s notice.

24 The Battles of Lexington and Concord were conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War in 1775.

25 1. Olive Branch Petition Olive Branch Petition Olive Branch Petition 2. Green Mountain Boys Green Mountain Boys Green Mountain Boys 3. Continental Army Continental Army Continental Army 4. Patriot Patriot 5. Loyalist Loyalist 6. Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Bunker Hill 7. Blockade Blockade 8. Mercenary Mercenary 9. Common Sense Common Sense Common Sense 10. Traitor Traitor 11. Declaration of Independence Declaration of Independence Declaration of Independence 12. Preamble Preamble 13. Natural rightsNatural rights 14. Battle of Long IslandBattle of Long Island 15. Battle of TrentonBattle of Trenton 16. Battle of SaratogaBattle of Saratoga 17. AllyAlly 18. Valley ForgeValley Forge 19. Battle of CowpensBattle of Cowpens 20. guerrillaguerrilla 21. SiegeSiege 22. Battle of YorktownBattle of Yorktown 23. Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris 24. ratifyratify Click to go back to main menu

26 The Olive Branch Petition was a peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord declaring their loyalty to the king asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts. The olive branch is symbol of peace.

27 The Green Mountain Boys were Vermont colonial militia led by Ethan Allen, which made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga, giving Americans control of the key route. Ethan Allen

28 The Continental Army was the patriot army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British.

29 A Patriot was a colonist who favored war against Great Britain.

30 A loyalist was a colonist who remained loyal to Britain.

31 Battle of Bunker was the first major battle of the Revolution in 1775.

32 A blockade is the shutting off of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out. A blockade is the shutting off of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out. Great Britain used their navy to blockade the colonies so they could not get supplies from foreign countries. Great Britain used their navy to blockade the colonies so they could not get supplies from foreign countries.

33 A mercenary is a soldier who fights for money and is often from a foreign country. A mercenary is a soldier who fights for money and is often from a foreign country. The British hired mercenaries form Germany called Hessians to fight the patriots. The British hired mercenaries form Germany called Hessians to fight the patriots.

34 Common Sense was an essay published in 1776 by Thomas Paine that urged the colonies to declare independence.

35 A traitor is a person who betrays his or her country. A traitor is a person who betrays his or her country. Benedict Arnold (pictured below) betrayed the Continental Army when he planned to give the British West Point. Benedict Arnold (pictured below) betrayed the Continental Army when he planned to give the British West Point. The plan was discovered and he fled to join the British. The plan was discovered and he fled to join the British.

36 The Declaration of Independence is a 1776 document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation.

37 A preamble is introduction to a declaration, constitution or other official document.

38 Natural Rights are rights that belong to people from birth.

39 The Battle of Long Island was a 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured.

40 The Battle of Trenton was a 1776 battle in New Jersey in which George Washington’s troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack.

41 The Battle of Saratoga was the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat in New England in The Battle of Saratoga was the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat in New England in Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led soldiers to an American victory. Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led soldiers to an American victory. The Battle convinced France to support the patriots. The Battle convinced France to support the patriots.

42 An ally is a nation, or person, who works with another for a common purpose. An ally is a nation, or person, who works with another for a common purpose. France became our ally after the Battle of Saratoga.

43 Valley Forge was the Pennsylvania site of Washington’s Continental Army encampment during the winter of

44 The Battle of Cowpens was a 1781 battle in South Carolina, where Americans won an important victory over the British.

45 Guerrilla is a term used for a soldier who uses hit and run tactics against the enemy. Guerrilla is a term used for a soldier who uses hit and run tactics against the enemy. Guerrilla warfare is the use of hit and run tactics. Guerrilla warfare is the use of hit and run tactics.

46 A siege is a military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender.

47 The Battle of Yorktown was the final battle in the Revolution. This battle in 1781 forced the British to surrender.

48 Peace treaty between Great Britain and the United States that recognized the United States as an independent country.

49 Ratify means to approve of something. Ratify means to approve of something.

50 Click to go back to main menu

51 After the French and Indian War, King George III decided to reduce the debt of Great Britain from the war by taxing the colonists. After the French and Indian War, King George III decided to reduce the debt of Great Britain from the war by taxing the colonists. The colonists did not like this because they had no say on the taxes that were imposed on them by parliament. They called this taxation without representation. The colonists did not like this because they had no say on the taxes that were imposed on them by parliament. They called this taxation without representation.

52 Below are some taxes imposed by Great Britain on the colonists. Click on name of tax to find out about each. Taxes Sugar Act Tea Act Townshend Act Stamp Act

53 The Townshend Acts was a tax in 1767 that taxed items used by industry like glass, paint and lead. The Townshend Acts was a tax in 1767 that taxed items used by industry like glass, paint and lead. The colonists protested the law by boycotting all items taxed by the Townshend Acts. The colonists protested the law by boycotting all items taxed by the Townshend Acts. Colonists in Massachusetts also started committee of correspondences to explain British taxes. Colonists in Massachusetts also started committee of correspondences to explain British taxes.

54 The Sugar Act was a 1764 tax on molasses that was made in the colonies and exported to other parts of the World. The Sugar Act was a 1764 tax on molasses that was made in the colonies and exported to other parts of the World. The colonists protested against this tax by boycotting the sugar imported into the colonies to make the molasses. The colonists protested against this tax by boycotting the sugar imported into the colonies to make the molasses. The Sugar Act was repealed a year later. The Sugar Act was repealed a year later.

55 The Stamp Act was a tax that replaced the Sugar Act of The Stamp Act was a tax that replaced the Sugar Act of The Stamp Act of 1765 was a tax on paper products, to include paper products like legal documents, newspapers, and playing cards. The Stamp Act of 1765 was a tax on paper products, to include paper products like legal documents, newspapers, and playing cards. The colonists protested the tax by boycotting British paper products and making their own paper. The colonists protested the tax by boycotting British paper products and making their own paper. The Sons of Liberty also were formed during this time. The Sons of Liberty also were formed during this time.

56 The Tea Act was a 1774 law that let British merchants sell their tea directly to the colonists without going through colonial merchants. The Tea Act was a 1774 law that let British merchants sell their tea directly to the colonists without going through colonial merchants. The colonists did not have to pay that much tax on the tea, but still protested the tax because it was another example of taxation without representation. The colonists did not have to pay that much tax on the tea, but still protested the tax because it was another example of taxation without representation. The colonists protested by boycotting tea and by making their own tea. The colonists protested by boycotting tea and by making their own tea. Eventually the Sons of Liberty protested the Tea Act by planning the Boston Tea Party. Eventually the Sons of Liberty protested the Tea Act by planning the Boston Tea Party.

57 In 1774, members of the Sons of Liberty dressed up like Native Americans and threw British tea into Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act. In 1774, members of the Sons of Liberty dressed up like Native Americans and threw British tea into Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act. The Boston Tea Party made King George III mad. The Boston Tea Party made King George III mad. To punish the colonists, King George III had parliament pass the Intolerable Acts. To punish the colonists, King George III had parliament pass the Intolerable Acts. Click to go back to main menu

58 The French and Indian War was a war fought between France and Great Britain between the years 1754 to The French and Indian War was a war fought between France and Great Britain between the years 1754 to Great Britain won the war, but was in debt. Great Britain won the war, but was in debt. To reduce the debt, King George III decided to tax the colonists. To reduce the debt, King George III decided to tax the colonists.

59 Taxes weren’t the only things imposed on them that they did not like. Taxes weren’t the only things imposed on them that they did not like. There were other policies of the King the colonists did not like. There were other policies of the King the colonists did not like. Click on the policies below to find out more. Restrictive British Policies Navigation Acts Proclamation Act of 1763 Quartering Act The Intolerable Acts

60 The Boston Massacre was an event that took place in 1770 in Boston that claimed the lives of seven colonists. The Boston Massacre was an event that took place in 1770 in Boston that claimed the lives of seven colonists. Colonists were protesting the Townshend Act outside a British tax collectors office in Boston. Colonists were protesting the Townshend Act outside a British tax collectors office in Boston. Colonists started to harass and throw objects at the soldiers sent to protect the tax collector. Colonists started to harass and throw objects at the soldiers sent to protect the tax collector. The soldiers then opened fire into the crowd killing seven including Crispus Attucks, a Sons of Liberty member and former slave. The soldiers then opened fire into the crowd killing seven including Crispus Attucks, a Sons of Liberty member and former slave. Click to go back to main menu

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62 The Navigation Acts regulated trade between the colonies and other countries. The Navigation Acts regulated trade between the colonies and other countries. Colonists had to buy finished goods from Great Britain and could not trade certain goods with other countries. Colonists had to buy finished goods from Great Britain and could not trade certain goods with other countries.

63  The Proclamation Act of 1763 drew an imaginary line down the center of the Appalachian Mountain and restricted settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains into the Ohio River Valley.  The Proclamation Act of 1763 was a result of Pontiac’s War.  Many colonists ignored the law and moved across the Appalachian Mountains anyways.

64 The Quartering Act required colonists to house British Redcoats in their home. The Quartering Act required colonists to house British Redcoats in their home. Colonists had to pay for the soldiers food, drink and clothing. Colonists had to pay for the soldiers food, drink and clothing. Colonist used riots to protest this policy Colonist used riots to protest this policy

65 The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws created to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws created to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. There was several parts to these laws: There was several parts to these laws: 1.The Port of Boston was closed down until the colonist paid for the tea destroyed. 2.The colonists could not have any more town meetings except for once a year. 3.A new Quartering Act was imposed. More soldiers were sent over to make sure no Boston Tea Parties took place ever again.

66 Below are a few of the patriot leaders who led the Revolution. George Washington George Washington Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson John Adams John Adams Samuel Adams Samuel Adams Paul Revere Paul Revere Patrick Henry Patrick Henry Ethan Allen Ethan Allen Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin Click to go back to main menu

67 Known as “The Father of our Country”, George Washington was the Continental Army commander during the American Revolution. Known as “The Father of our Country”, George Washington was the Continental Army commander during the American Revolution.

68 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.

69 John Adams co wrote the Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson. John Adams co wrote the Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson. He was also the lawyer who represented the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre. He was also the lawyer who represented the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre.

70 Samuel Adams was the cousin of John Adams. Samuel Adams was the cousin of John Adams. He was a leader in the Sons of Liberty. He was a leader in the Sons of Liberty. He also organized the Committee of Correspondence in Boston, Massachusetts. He also organized the Committee of Correspondence in Boston, Massachusetts.

71 Benjamin Franklin was a diplomat during the war. Benjamin Franklin was a diplomat during the war. He spent the war over in France getting the King to supply money, men and ships for the Continental Army. He spent the war over in France getting the King to supply money, men and ships for the Continental Army. It was through his efforts that France became our biggest ally. It was through his efforts that France became our biggest ally.

72 Patrick Henry was another patriot from Virginia who spoke out against the British. Patrick Henry was another patriot from Virginia who spoke out against the British. In a famous for saying “Give me Liberty, or give me Death”. In a famous for saying “Give me Liberty, or give me Death”.

73 Sons of Liberty member who was one of two midnight riders. Sons of Liberty member who was one of two midnight riders. He became famous for riding to Lexington and Concord to warn the colonists that the British were coming. He became famous for riding to Lexington and Concord to warn the colonists that the British were coming.

74 Ethan Allen was the leader of the Vermont militia known as the Green Mountain Boys. Ethan Allen was the leader of the Vermont militia known as the Green Mountain Boys. Defeated the British at Fort Ticonderoga on May 5, 1775 without firing a shot. Defeated the British at Fort Ticonderoga on May 5, 1775 without firing a shot.

75 British leaders during the Revolution: King George III King George III John Burgoyne John Burgoyne Lord Cornwallis Lord Cornwallis Click to go back to main menu

76 King George III was the king of Great Britain during the Revolution. King George III was the king of Great Britain during the Revolution. He was not liked by patriots because of the policies he imposed on the colonists. He was not liked by patriots because of the policies he imposed on the colonists.

77 John Burgoyne was a famous British general who came up with a plan to defeat George Washington and the Continental Army. John Burgoyne was a famous British general who came up with a plan to defeat George Washington and the Continental Army. His plan called for three British armies to converge on Albany New York from three different directions. His plan called for three British armies to converge on Albany New York from three different directions. By capturing Albany, Burgoyne hoped to cut off separate the New England colonies from the middle and southern colonies. By capturing Albany, Burgoyne hoped to cut off separate the New England colonies from the middle and southern colonies. Burgoyne believed that by capturing Albany and controlling the Hudson River the Continental Army would be unable to be resupplied. Burgoyne believed that by capturing Albany and controlling the Hudson River the Continental Army would be unable to be resupplied. His plan failed because two of his armies were defeated at the battles of Saratoga and Fort Stanwixs. His plan failed because two of his armies were defeated at the battles of Saratoga and Fort Stanwixs.

78 Lord Cornwallis was the leader British forces in the Southern colonies. Lord Cornwallis was the leader British forces in the Southern colonies. He eventually would be defeated by George Washington and French forces at Yorktown, Virginia in He eventually would be defeated by George Washington and French forces at Yorktown, Virginia in 1781.

79 Bunker Hill Lexington And Concord Battle of Trenton Battle of Long Island Battle of Saratoga Valley Forge Battle of Cowpens Battle of Yorktown Click to go back to main menu

80 The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson adopted on July 4, The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson adopted on July 4, There are three parts to the Declaration of Independence: There are three parts to the Declaration of Independence: Part 1: The Purpose of Government Part 2: Wrongs Done by the King Part 3: Declaring of Independence Click to go back to main menu

81 In the first part, Thomas Jefferson explained what the purpose of government is. In the first part, Thomas Jefferson explained what the purpose of government is. He stated that the purpose of government to protect peoples natural rights, also called unalienable rights. These are rights that are so basic that they cannot be taken away. These rights in the Declaration of Independence are life, liberty and property. He stated that the purpose of government to protect peoples natural rights, also called unalienable rights. These are rights that are so basic that they cannot be taken away. These rights in the Declaration of Independence are life, liberty and property. He also stated that if a government abuses its power and tries to take away these rights then the people have the right alter or abolish the government and replace it with a new one. He also stated that if a government abuses its power and tries to take away these rights then the people have the right alter or abolish the government and replace it with a new one.

82 In the second part, Thomas Jefferson lists all the wrongs King George III has done to the colonies. In the second part, Thomas Jefferson lists all the wrongs King George III has done to the colonies. In this long list of wrongs he mentions such things as taxation without representation, restricting of trade, and quartering of soldiers in peoples homes. In this long list of wrongs he mentions such things as taxation without representation, restricting of trade, and quartering of soldiers in peoples homes.

83 After explaining what the purpose of government is and all the wrongs done by the king, Jefferson then stated that the colonies were now independent from Great Britain. After explaining what the purpose of government is and all the wrongs done by the king, Jefferson then stated that the colonies were now independent from Great Britain.

84 The Battles of Lexington and Concord were conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War in 1775.

85 The Battle of Long Island was a 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured.

86 The Battle of Trenton was a 1776 battle in New Jersey in which George Washington’s troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack.

87 Battle of Bunker was the first major battle of the Revolution in Battle of Bunker was the first major battle of the Revolution in It was a British victory even though the British lost more soldiers than the Americans. It was a British victory even though the British lost more soldiers than the Americans.

88 Valley Forge was the Pennsylvania site of Washington’s Continental Army encampment during the winter of

89 The Battle of Cowpens was a 1781 battle in South Carolina, where Americans won an important victory over the British.

90 The Battle of Yorktown was the final battle in the Revolution. This battle in 1781 forced the British to surrender.

91 The Battle of Saratoga was the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat in New England in The Battle of Saratoga was the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat in New England in Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led soldiers to an American victory. Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led soldiers to an American victory. The Battle convinced France to support the patriots. The Battle convinced France to support the patriots.

92 The Battles of Lexington and Concord were conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War in 1775.

93 Protest Methods used by colonists to protest British policies. 1. Boycott Boycott 2. Sons of Liberty Sons of Liberty Sons of Liberty 3. Committee of Correspondence Committee of Correspondence Committee of Correspondence 4. Tar and Feathering Tar and Feathering Tar and Feathering 5. Militias Militias 6. Diplomacy Diplomacy Click to go back to main menu

94 Boycott is the refusal to buy a good or service. Boycott is the refusal to buy a good or service.

95 A militia is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency. A militia is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency. The First Continental Congress started militias in every colonies to protest the Intolerable Acts in The First Continental Congress started militias in every colonies to protest the Intolerable Acts in 1774.

96 Diplomacy is the solving of problems between to opposing groups by communicating and discussions. Diplomacy is the solving of problems between to opposing groups by communicating and discussions. The colonists used this on several occasions to try get King George III to change British policies in the colonies. The colonists used this on several occasions to try get King George III to change British policies in the colonies. An example of this is the Olive Branch Petition sent to the King after Lexington and Concord. An example of this is the Olive Branch Petition sent to the King after Lexington and Concord.

97 The Olive Branch Petition was a peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord declaring their loyalty to the king asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts. The olive branch is symbol of peace.

98 Committee of Correspondence was a letter writing campaign that became a major tool of protest in the colonies.

99 The Sons of Liberty were a protest group that formed after the Stamp Act. The Sons of Liberty were a protest group that formed after the Stamp Act. They protested against British taxes. They protested against British taxes. They took part in the Boston Tea Party. They took part in the Boston Tea Party. They also intimated tax collectors using tar and feathering. They also intimated tax collectors using tar and feathering.

100 Tar and feathering was a tactic used by colonists to intimidate tax collectors into not collecting taxes. Tar and feathering was a tactic used by colonists to intimidate tax collectors into not collecting taxes. Colonists would dump hot tar onto tax collector and then put chicken feathers onto victim. Colonists would dump hot tar onto tax collector and then put chicken feathers onto victim.

101 Directions: To navigate this presentation just click on an action button. If no action button is present on the slide then just click the title at the top of the slide. Any underlined words can be clicked on, too.


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