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The American Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Revolution

2 What are we learning until September 5, 2013?
Unit 2 is the American Revolution. We are studying this unit until September 5, 2013 and we will test on that day.

3 What was the American Revolution?
The American Revolution is the war that gave the United States its independence from England. American colonists were upset with British policies and decided to create their own country.

4 Before the American Revolution

5 After the American Revolution

6 The French-Indian War

7 Who fought in the French-Indian War and what did they want?
British and American Colonists (Wanted the Ohio River Valley for farming.) V. French and Indians (French wanted the Ohio River Valley for the fur trade, Indians sided with the French.)

8 What was the Albany Plan of Union?
Benjamin Franklin urged the American Colonist to unite and fight against the French. It was one of the first acts of American Unity.

9 What were the effects of the French-Indian War?
Treaty of Paris of France lost a lot of land and England became more powerful. The war put England in debt (owing more money than what you have).

10 Causes of the American Revolution

11 How did the French-Indian War cause the American Revolution?
Because the British believed they were helping the colonies against Indian and French attacks, they made the Colonies responsible for paying for the war debt through taxes.

12 What was Mercantilism? Mercantilism is the theory that the purpose of colonies was to benefit the mother colonies. Colonies must sell their raw materials to their mother countries and must buy finished products from them.

13 What was the Proclamation Act of 1763?
The British forbade American Colonists from settling past the Appalachian Mountains. British were trying to keep peace with Native Americans, but Colonists were upset that they weren’t given the land won from the French.

14 What was the Stamp Act of 1765?
The Stamp Act placed a tax on all paper products. All papers had to have a stamp that stated a tax has been paid. First time all colonists were directly taxed by the British.

15 What was the Quartering Act of 1765?
In order to save money, the British passed a law that stated that colonists had to allow British Soldiers into their homes and feed them if asked.

16 What was the Boston Massacre?
A deadly riot that resulted in 5 dead American Colonists. The engraving by Paul Revere motivated many American Colonists to hate the British.

17 What was the Boston Tea Party?
American protest in which Americans threw British Tea out into the sea. They were mad about the British controlling the tea trade.

18 What were the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)?
British punishment for the Boston Tea Party. The Law angered the American Colonists because it closed their harbor and limited their rights.

19 The Declaration of Independence

20 Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Most of the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson. He was heavily inspired by writers such as John Locke and Thomas Paine.

21 When was the Declaration of Independence written?
July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence is considered the greatest accomplishment of the Second Continental Congress (The American Government from ).

22 What are Unalienable Rights?
Unalienable Rights are rights that are given by God and cannot be taken away by anyone. The three mentioned are: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.

23 What are Grievances? Grievances are complaints.
The Declaration of Independence listed many grievances against the British; such as Taxation without Representation.

24 Why is the Declaration of Independence Important?
The Declaration of Independence separated the United States from England. The Declaration of Independence stated that all men had rights and could form any government they wanted.

25 The Battles of the American Revolution

26 Why are the Battles of Lexington and Concord Important?
The first battles of the American Revolution. Lexington and Concord were called the “shots heard around the world” because it was shocking that someone would fight the British.

27 What is the Declaration of Independence?
Written in July 4, 1776. The document officially separated the American colonies from the British.

28 Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered the “turning point” of the War?
The Americans won the Battle of Saratoga. The American victory convinced the French that the Americans could win the war. The French start to help the Americans.

29 Why is Valley Forge important?
Valley Forge is where George Washington kept his troops during the winter of The army suffered from the lack of food and cold and many died. However, the troops who survived, were trained very well and the American Army became professional.

30 What was the importance of the Battle of Yorktown?
The final large battle of the American Revolution. British General Cornwallis surrendered to the Americans and French after being surrounded.

31 What was the Treaty of Paris of 1783?
The Treaty of Paris officially ended the American Revolution. The Americans won their independence, all land east to the Mississippi River, and South of Canada. British got to keep their forts in the Frontier.

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