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The Road to the Revolution Chapter 6 Mrs. Kercher.

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1 The Road to the Revolution Chapter 6 Mrs. Kercher

2 I. Tighter British Control A. The Colonies and Britain Grew Apart 1. Proclamation of 1763 a. Western Boundary: Appalachian Mts. b. colonists upset 2. Quartering Act (Law)  Housing soldiers 3. French & Indian War + Defending colonies = Expensive  colonists should help pay 4. Britain passed two Acts a. Sugar Act – taxed sugar and molasses b. Stamp Act – taxed documents and paper

3 I. Tighter British Control B. Colonists defied Parliament 1. Colonists said: “no taxation without representation” 2. Stamp Act Congress formed and said only colonial assemblies could tax the colonies 3. Sons of Liberty – secret protest societies, sometimes violent 4. Colonists boycotted – refused to buy British goods a. this was the most effective b. Parliament repealed (removed) the Stamp Act, but passed the Declaratory Act: declaring Parliament ruled the colonies

4 II. Colonial Resistance Grows A. Tightening British Control 1. Colonists ignored the Declaratory Act 2. Britain passed the Townshend Acts a. Import taxes – indirect b. Writs of assistance – search warrants 3. Colonists got angry again

5 II. Colonial Resistance Grows B. Colonists Protested 1. Organized another boycott 2. Daughter’s of Liberty – made in America C. The Boston Massacre 1. British troops in Boston (Quartering Act) 2. Tension  mob  violence  6 colonists killed (March 5, 1770) a. Sons of Liberty used it as propaganda b. Soldiers found innocent

6 II. Colonial Resistance Grows D. Economic Interference 1. Parliament repealed Townshend Acts, boycotts worked again 2. passed Tea Act (restrictions on tea) F. The Boston Tea Party 1. Protests throughout colonies 2. Boston Harbor (December 16th, 1773) 3. Britain wanted justice

7 III. The Road to Lexington and Concord A. The Intolerable Acts 1. Punished Boston for the Tea Party 2. General Gage shut down and restricted Boston 3. Enraged colonists B. The First Continental Congress Meets 1. All colonies (except GA) met in Philadelphia 2. Ban trade with Britain, start training troops

8 III. The Road to Lexington and Concord C. British Control Began to Slip 1. Banning trade failed  Britain became stricter & sent more troops 2. Colonies began interfering with British officials D. The Revolution Begins 1. Gage sent troops from Boston a. arrest Sam Adams and John Hancock in Lexington b. destroy supplies in Concord 2. Paul Revere’s “Midnight Ride”

9 III. The Road to Lexington and Concord E. Lexington and Concord 1. Lexington – 700 British v. 70 Militia a. nobody knows who fired first 2. Concord – supplies destroyed, but British forced to retreat a. “shot heard round the world” b. Loyalists v. Patriots

10 IV. Declaring Independence A. The Siege of Boston 1. Colonists attacked Fort Ticonderoga – May 10, 1775 a. captured artillery (cannons) from British 2. The 2nd Continental Congress created the Continental Army, replaced the militia a. George Washington named general 3. Britain attacked at Battle of Bunker Hill a. British won battle, but lost many more troops

11 IV. Declaring Independence B. The Conflict Spreads 1. The Olive Branch Petition passed – last effort to restore old relations with Britain a. Rejected by the king, he vowed to destroy rebels 2. Washington ordered attack on Quebec – it failed a. Canada never got involved in the war 3. British army retreated from Boston–March 17, 1776 a. Never returned

12 IV. Declaring Independence C. Rebellion Becomes Revolution 1. Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense a. convinced many Americans to fight 2. Thomas Jefferson wrote Declaration of Independence a. Declared colonies independent of Britain b. Attacked the king, blamed him directly c. Adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776

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