Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer Where was the first permanent English settlement in the new world? What was the name of the British colonies in N. America? What war was fought."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer Where was the first permanent English settlement in the new world? What was the name of the British colonies in N. America? What war was fought over the colonies?
Causes of the American Revolution French and Indian War war lasted from 1754-1763 British had a lot of debt from the war British begin to tax American colonies to repay debt British pass a series of laws and taxes Americans were not represented in Parliament
Colonial Laws and Taxes (1764-1774) Sugar Tax- taxes sugar and molasses Stamp Act - tax on paper documents Quartering Act- allowed British troops to stay in the colonist homes without owner approval Tea Tax- tax on all tea products Townshend Act- tax on everything Called the “Intolerable Acts” by the colonist “No taxation without Representation”
Stamp Act Protest 1765 Colonist began to boycott all paper goods “Black-market” emerges for paper goods Colonist began revolting against tax collectors Wilmington tax collector William Houston was forced to resign (threatened with tar and feathering)
The Boston Massacre 1770 Street fight between British troops and colonist Colonist began to riot, throwing rocks at the troops British troops fired into the crowd 5 colonist killed by gunfire Talks of revolt begin
Boston Tea Party 1773 Colonist in Boston protested the tea tax by throwing tea into the harbor Colonist dressed up as Indians $300,000 of tea was destroyed British blockaded Boston Revolution on the way
First Continental Congress1774 Colonist met in Philadelphia to discuss independence from Britain Second Continental Congress1775 Colonist met in Philadelphia again Decided to create an army George Washington named Commander in Chief Declaration of Independence 1776 Written by Thomas Jefferson Declared independence from Britain Ratified on July 4,1776
Battle at Lexington and Concord April 19 th, 1775 British attack the armories at Lexington and Concord, outside Boston “Minutemen” arrived and fought the British 1 st Battle of the American Revolution Called the “shot heard around the world” British victory Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775 First major victory for the Americans Confidence building battle The British wanted to use the hill for tactical support
Battles of the American Revolution Battle of Trenton On Christmas Day, December 1776 General Washington Bad Conditions and weather for Continental Army (bitter cold and they lacked food, shoes and blankets) Washington made his famous crossing of the Delaware river to attack the Hessians, (German mercenaries – cross at night and surprise them in the morning – killed five Hessian officers, one non commissioned officer, and sixteen privates. There were 918 prisoners taken to Newtown, Pennsylvania.
Washington and his army cross the Delaware River at night to attack the Hessian mercenaries at Trenton
Battle of Saratoga September-October 1777 Colonists- Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold defeat General Burgoyne for the British Iroquois Indians allied with the British against the Americans Americans captured the largest northern British army ( 600 British Casualties) Distrust of Indians begins This is the turning point of the American Revolution
Battle of Yorktown Aig-Sept 1781 Yorktown, Virginia American forces cornered Cornwallis at Yorktown French navy arrived and surrounded Cornwallis Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington Last major battle of the Revolution Treaty of Paris 1782 ends the war
Questions 1-2 1.Why did the British begin to collect taxes from the colonist 2.What tax on paper goods led to major protest? 3.Explain the Boston Massacre. 4.Where was the first major battle of the Revolution? 5.Where was the first major victory for the Americans? 6.Which battle is considered the turning point of the war? 7.Where was Cornwallis surrounded and defeated?
Vocabulary 1-2 1.Stamp Act 2.Boston Massacre 3.Boston Tea party 4.Lexington and Concord 5.Saratoga 6.Cornwallis 7.Yorktown
Acts of Revolution 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Timeline of the Revolution (12 items on timeline) Acts of Violence that led to Revolution 1. 2. 3. Battles of the Revolution 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Politics of Revolution 1. 2. 3. Leaders of Rev. 1. 2. 3.