2THINK ABOUT THIS?The King of England started to tax the colonists for different reasons.The colonists didn’t want to pay the taxesWHAT IS A TAX?A fee imposed by the government people MUST pay.
3The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart During the French & Indian War, colonies & Britain fought side by side.Proclamation of 1763no colonists could settle west of the Appalachian MountainsProclamation LineORV
4King George IIIKing George III, the British King during the Revolutionary Warwanted to enforce the Proclamation so he sent 10,000 British troops into the colonies.
5Quartering Act & Sugar Act 1765 Parliament passed the Quartering ActThis required colonist to house, feed, & provide supplies for British soldiers1764 Parliament passed the Sugar ActThis put a tax on sugar & molasses brought into America (used to cook)WHY?Britain had a large debt from the French & Indian War and needed $$$$.
6Taxation Without Representation Many colonists claimed Parliament (British government) had no right to tax the colonists without asking permission.Colonists were not represented in Parliament.“No Taxation Without Representation!”
7Stamp Act 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act all legal & commercial documents must have an official stamp showing a tax had been paid on the documentEx: newspapers, diplomas, contracts, playing cardsColonial merchants organized a boycott of British goods as a result of the Stamp Act.Boycott is a refusal to buy goods
8Sons of Liberty / Townshend Acts Many colonists formed secret societies to oppose British rule.Sons of Libertystaged protests against the actsSamuel Adams was their leader1767 the Townshend Acts passedplaced taxes on goods the colonists used dailyglass, paper, paint, lead and tea
9Boston MassacreIn 1770British soldiers and colonists began shouting insults, then throwing snowballs at each otherA fight broke out and British soldiers fired5 Americans diedCrispus Attucks
11Tea Act 1773 Parliament passed Tea Act A tax put on tea brought into the coloniesSamuel Adams began to form committees of correspondencegroups who exchanged letters and information on colonial affairs
12Boston Tea PartyAs a result of the Tea Act, colonists dressed up to look like Mohawk IndiansThey boarded British ships carrying goods into the Boston Harbordumped only the tea from the ships into the Boston Harbor
14Intolerable Acts A series of laws passed by Parliament Closed the port of BostonMade town meetings illegalHad to house British troopsBritish officials could go to Britain to go on trial
15First Continental Congress Delegates (members) from all colonies met in Philadelphia, PennFirst Continental CongressAgreed to begin training troops for warWanted to fight for colonists rights & independenceBanned trade with Britain
16TO ARMS!! By the end of 1774, colonists began to prepare for a war Militia – force of armed civilians ready to fight for their country.Minutemen – civilian men ready toact at a minute’s warningRedcoats – nickname for Britishsoldiers
17Paul Revere Paul Revere British troops rode to Lexington and Concord (Massachusetts)British troopswere going to attack militia and steal artillerywanted to capture Hancock and Adams“The British are coming, the British are coming!!”
19Lexington and Concord British troops found about 70 minutemen waiting. Shots were fired…the war had begun‘the shot heard round the world’the first battles of the Revolutionary War
20Patriots and Loyalists Those who supported the British in the war were called Loyalists.Those who supported the colonists (rebels) in the war were called Patriots.
21The Continental Army George Washington The Continental Army began to formarmy of colonists fighting for independenceOver 20,000 militiamen showed up in BostonGeorge WashingtonCommanding General
22Battle of Bunker HillBritish soldiers forced the militia off the hill in a very bloody battle1,000 British killed or wounded400 militiamen killedBritish redcoats won this battle“Don’t fire ‘til you see the whites of their eyes!”
23Thomas Paine Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense a complete break away from England was necessarysold 120,000 in 3 months
24Let’s Declare Independence! A group was chosen to draft a document called the Declaration of IndependenceOn July 4, 1776 (Independence Day) Congress adoptedThomas Jeffersonwrote in 17 days
25Declaration of Independence What’s in the Declaration?unalienable rightsReasons for separating from BritainDeclared colonies to be free and independent states
26Unalienable Rights Unalienable right a right that cannot be taken away“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
27The Road to the Revolution The Proclamation of 1763Townshend Acts1767Stamp Act1765Boston Tea Party1773Boston Massacre1770Tea Act1773Battles of Lexington & Concord1775Intolerable Acts1774First Continental Congress1774Declaration of Independence written1776Revolutionary War begins1775