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The American Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Revolution
The war for freedom

2 I can… SS4H4 explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution.

3 The American Revolution causes…
Trace the events that shaped the revolutionary movement in America, including the French and Indian War

4 French and Indian War Fought between England and France
It was fought to have control over land (Ohio Valley) George Washington War lasted 9 years!!!!!

5 French and Indian War The French and Natives fought against Great Britain The 13 colonies helped Britain to win the war. Treaty of Paris officially ended the war It was a Britain victory!!!!

6 Treaty of Paris 1763 Gave Great Britain the land west of the Mississippi River. Spain gave up Florida

7 Effects from French and Indian War
Native Americans wanted the British to leave the Ohio Valley. The Natives began a rebellion against British government. Britain won the rebellion but to prevent more fighting they issued: The Proclamation of 1763

8 The Proclamation of 1763 Colonist could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains This land was considered Indian Nation Colonist were upset because now the French was gone they wanted to settle in the Ohio Valley

9 I can… SS4H4 explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution. British Imperial Policy that led to the 1765 Stamp Act the slogan “no taxation without representation,

10 Stamp Act: Causes Great Britain needed money due to the cost of the French and Indian War They decided to tax the colonies Tax-money people pay to their government

11 Stamp Act British parliament created a tax called: The Stamp Act
Taxed anything that could be printed on paper

12 Stamp Act: Effect Colonist were outraged They did not have any elected government officials in England’s Parliament

13 Stamp Act: Effect Patrick Henry famous words
“No taxation without representation”

14 Stamp Act: Effects Many colonist agreed with Patrick Henry
They formed a group called, “Sons of Liberty”

15 I can… explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution. the activities of the Sons of Liberty

16 Sons of Liberty: Causes
The group was formed to protect the Colonist’s freedom Liberty: freedom from being controlled by another government.

17 Son’s of Liberty: effects
Samuel Adams was the leader Sam with the Son’s of Liberty lead protest against the Stamp Act Britain canceled the Stamp Act and tried to establish new taxes.

18 I can… Explain the causes and effects of the Boston Tea Party

19 Boston Tea Party: causes
In 1773 Britain passed a new tax Tea Tax (taxed tea from the East India Company) Colonist did not believe in paying Britain taxes

20 Boston Tea Party: causes
Boston merchants refused to sell the East India Tea. British refused to allow the tea to come back. Colonist decided to get rid of the unwanted tea.

21 Boston Tea Party: causes
December 16,1773 Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans and through the tea into the ocean.

22 Boston Tea Party: effects
Britain was outraged and passed laws to punish Massachusetts Coercive Acts (Britain) Intolerable Acts (Colonist)

23 Boston Tea Party: Effects
Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts 1. Stopped trade between Boston and Britain 2. Britain had more control of the colony’s government 3. British soldiers returned to Boston. 4. Boston had to quarter the British soldiers

24 Boston Tea Party: effects

25 Boston Tea Party: effects
Colonist responded the First Continental Congress They met in Philadelphia Every colony met except Georgia They wrote a letter to King George III

26 Boston Tea Party: Effects
Letter stated that the colonist should have the same freedom as the British. It asked for parliament to stop taxing the colonist without an agreement and to repel the Intolerable acts. The colonist began training for war, and stopped trade with Britain.

27 Boston Tea Party Effects:
The King’s response was the colonist have started a rebellion so he sends more soldiers to Boston.

28 I can… Describe the major events of the American Revolution and explain the factors leading to American victory and British defeat; include the Battles of Lexington and Concord

29 Battle of Lexington and Concord
British Soldiers reached Lexington Minutemen were waiting there Someone fired the shot, no one knows who The American Revolution has begun!!!!!!

30 Battle of Lexington 8 colonist were dead and nine were wounded
1 British soldier was wounded British marched on to concord

31 Battle of Concord British moved on to Concord looking for weapons
The colonist were ready for the British Colonists shot at them from behind trees and stone walls

32 Battle of Concord 250 British soldiers were wounded or killed before the troops reached Boston The British were trapped

33 I can… the writing of the Declaration of Independence; include who wrote it, how it was written, why it was necessary, and how it was a response to tyranny and the abuse of power.

34 Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry: “Give me liberty or give me death” Thomas Paine: Common Sense-King is treating us unfairly Second Continental Congress meant: decide to fight for independence

35 Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson believed that the government should protect our rights (live, free, happiness) If the government does not protect our natural born right we have the right to start a new government.

36 Declaration of Independence
Part 1: Colonist must break away from Britain Part 2: “All men should be treated equally” Part 3: List of complaints to the King Part 4: Declares colonies are independent Part 5: Delegates signed: John Hancock

37 I can…. Describe the major events of the American Revolution and explain the factors leading to American victory and British defeat; include the Battle Saratoga

38 Battle of Saratoga 1777 Benjamin Franklin: He was trying to get help from the France. The British was planning an attack near Albany, New York The Colonist met them near Saratoga, New York

39 Battle of Saratoga 1777 With the help of Thaddeus Kosciuszko (Polish) the Colonist by built a long wall of earth and logs on a hill to hide behind.

40 Battle of Saratoga 1777 The Colonist won and forced nearly 5,000 troops to surrender. After the battle, the French were convinced that the Americans could win and sent money, and soliders

41 I can… Describe the major events of the American Revolution and explain the factors leading to American victory and British defeat; include the Battles of Yorktown.

42 Battle of Yorktown 1781 General Cornwallis led the British Army to Yorktown, VA. Washington learn about Cornwallis’ plan and marched his troops south from New York to Virginia. Ships from the French Navy met G. Washington there. They surprised Cornwallis and the British Army

43 Battle of Yorktown 1781 Cornwallis thought he would be rescued by the British’s Navy but the French blocked them Cornwallis was trapped and soon had to surrender. Yorktown was the last major battle but the war continued for two more years.

44 Battle of Yorktown 1781

45 The war is over!!!! The colonist defeated the biggest army in the world!!!! On September 3, the treaty of Paris was signed

46 Treaty of Paris 1783 Made America an independent nation
Gave the Americans more land America reached: North to Canada, West to the Mississippi River, and South to Florida.

47 Treaty of Paris 1783

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