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Chapter 18 Section 1 Origins of the Cold War
Former Allies Crash Problems building between the US and SU before and during WWII
Former Allies Crash Soviet Communism: –State controlled all property –All economic activity –Totalitarian Communist Party allowed no opposition party
Former Allies Crash The United States: –Capitalist system –Private citizens controlled almost all property and economic activity
Former Allies Crash US furious at Stalin- Signed nonaggression pact with Hitler in 1939
Truman Becomes President Key American figure in early part of the Cold War Became President when FDR died 82 days as Vice President-met with FDR only twice
Truman Becomes President FDR left Truman uninformed on military matters
Truman Becomes President With the war ending Truman would have to 1.Make difficult military decisions
Potsdam Conference Truman’s 1 st meeting with other major world leaders-Potsdam, July 1945
Potsdam Conference Not only did the Soviets not allow free elections in Poland, but they banned democratic parties
Potsdam Conference Truman pushed for free elections-Stalin refused
Tension Mounts Refusal to allow free elections convinced Truman that American and Soviet goals were at odds
Tension Mounts Americans and British opposed Soviet demands
Tension Mounts At odds over Eastern Europe US wanted Eastern Europe to stay open to trade
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern Europe Soviets felt justified to stay in Eastern Europe
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern Europe Stalin propped up communist governments in Eastern European nations The Satellite Nations-
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern Europe Stalin seized the industry of these nations to rebuild the Soviet Union
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment US institutes a policy of Containment towards the Soviet Union
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment Containment Policy worked by: –Creating alliances –Supporting weaker nations
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment March 1946 Churchill gives his “Iron Curtain” speech
Cold War in Europe Conflicting US and Soviet aims in Eastern Europe led to the Cold War
Cold War in Europe During the Cold War, the US and Soviet Union tried to spread their economic and political influence wherever they could –Eventually spread to Asia, Africa, and Latin America
The Truman Doctrine US 1 st tried to contain communism in Greece and Turkey
The Truman Doctrine US spent $400 million to help Greece and Turkey Truman Doctrine-
Marshall Plan After WWII, Europe was in economic chaos
Marshall Plan harsh winter Food shortages Fuel shortages
Marshall Plan June 1947 US Secretary of State George Marshall proposed that the US help
Marshall Plan Congress debated plan for several months Then…
Marshall Plan Invasions showed the need for congress to move quickly and help create strong, stable governments in Europe
Marshall Plan The Plan was a success By 1952 Western Europe was flourishing
Superpowers Struggle Over Germany Europe starts to get back on its feet Western allies and Soviets arguing over German reunification
Berlin Airlift 1948-Western Zones combine into 1 nation Soviets respond by holding Berlin Hostage
Berlin Airlift Soviets cut off all access to Berlin No supplies could get in
Berlin Airlift Americans and British started the Berlin Airlift-fly food and supplies to West Berlin
Berlin Airlift 277,000 flights made delivering 2.3 million tons of supplies West Berlin survived
Berlin Airlift May 1949 West Germany becomes known as the Federal Republic of Germany with its capital at Bonn East Germany becomes German Democratic Republic with its capital in East Berlin
NATO Blockade increased fear of Soviet aggression
NATO NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization An attack on one regarded as an attack on all
Chapter 26 Section 1 The U.S. and the U.S.S.R were allies but Different political systems (see the next two slides). Stalin signed the Non-Aggression.
Chapter 33 Restructuring the Postwar World. Section 1 Cold War: Superpowers Face Off The opposing economic and political philosophies of the US and SU.
The wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union began to unravel even before the end of World War II. When the war ended, the Red Army.
Origins of the Cold War U.S. vs. Soviet Union We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of.
Eastern Europe’s Iron Curtain. A major goal of the Soviet Union was to shield itself from another invasion from the west. Centuries of history had.
Origins of the Cold War Chapter 26 Section 1. A New War Cold War Cold War Era of confrontation and competition b/w the US and the Soviet Union Era of.
Cold War United Nations in April, 1945, an international peace keeping organization had representatives from 50 nations meet in San Francisco.
The Early Cold War: The Early Cold War: Chapter 26.
Chapter 26 The Cold War Begins Section 2 The Early Cold War Years.
Cold War Conflicts The Cold War and the danger of nuclear war define international affairs, especially after the Korean War. Fear of communism in the U.S.
COLD WAR CONFLICTS U.S vs. U.S.S.R.. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing.
The Cold War. What was the Cold War? The Cold War (1945 – 1990) was a period of conflict and tension between the US and USSR that began after World War.
THE COLD WAR CHAPTER 33. The Iron Curtain Eastern Europe is the first area where the communist/capitalist conflict arose Eastern Europe is the first area.
The End of World War II and its Impact on World Affairs.
End of World War II ryan henrici michelle squiteri peter searle.
Vs. The United StatesThe Soviet Union. Post World War II Plans Yalta Meeting (Feb. 1945): European nations to be democratic, United Nations created.
Vs. The United StatesThe Soviet Union. Learning Targets 1.Describe the Iron Curtain, the division in Europe and why this occurred. 2.Predict the impact.
Origins of the Cold War – Part II. Iran Controversy (1946) In Sept. 1944, the British had set up the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which received a deal.
THE COLD WAR Chapter 22. Section 1 Cold War -- confrontation and competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union Soviet Union -- Communist since the.
1 Chapter 6 US Foreign Policy How the Cold War Began 6.2 The Crisis over Berlin (1948 – 49) 6.3 The Red Scare and McCarthyism 6.4 The Korean.
Essential Question Why did tensions between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. escalate after World War II?
The Cold War The Cold War Defined Period of hostile relations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. (and respective allies) after the Second World.
A Time of Conflict World War II. The Great Depression had ruined economies. People wanted strong leaders to solve their problems. Dictators rose to power.
Splash Screen. Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Section 1:Section 1:The Origins of the Cold War Section 2:Section 2:The Early Cold War Years Section.
The Roots of the Cold War. Student Response Describe a time in your life when you had an adversary, or enemy, with whom you later became friendly. What.
Origins of the Cold War. Development of the Cold War The Cold War ( ) was one of perception where neither side fully understood the intentions and.
Cold War & The Postwar World SS.A.3.4.9; SS.A
Occupations Japan under U.S. command for 7 years – MacArthur restructured the government and economy into a Western model Germany split into East and West.
The Cold War. The United Nations Chartered in April 1945 Chartered in April 1945 Replaced the League of Nations Replaced the League of Nations 50 nations.
The Early Cold War: Ms. Susan M. Pojer and Mrs. Sophia Caramagno Ms. Susan M. Pojer and Mrs. Sophia Caramagno.
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