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Chapter 18 Section 1 Origins of the Cold War
Former Allies Crash Problems building between the US and SU before and during WWII
Former Allies Crash Soviet Communism: –State controlled all property –All economic activity –Totalitarian Communist Party allowed no opposition party
Former Allies Crash The United States: –Capitalist system –Private citizens controlled almost all property and economic activity
Former Allies Crash US furious at Stalin- Signed nonaggression pact with Hitler in 1939
Truman Becomes President Key American figure in early part of the Cold War Became President when FDR died 82 days as Vice President-met with FDR only twice
Truman Becomes President FDR left Truman uninformed on military matters
Truman Becomes President With the war ending Truman would have to 1.Make difficult military decisions
Potsdam Conference Truman’s 1 st meeting with other major world leaders-Potsdam, July 1945
Potsdam Conference Not only did the Soviets not allow free elections in Poland, but they banned democratic parties
Potsdam Conference Truman pushed for free elections-Stalin refused
Tension Mounts Refusal to allow free elections convinced Truman that American and Soviet goals were at odds
Tension Mounts Americans and British opposed Soviet demands
Tension Mounts At odds over Eastern Europe US wanted Eastern Europe to stay open to trade
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern Europe Soviets felt justified to stay in Eastern Europe
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern Europe Stalin propped up communist governments in Eastern European nations The Satellite Nations-
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern Europe Stalin seized the industry of these nations to rebuild the Soviet Union
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment US institutes a policy of Containment towards the Soviet Union
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment Containment Policy worked by: –Creating alliances –Supporting weaker nations
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment March 1946 Churchill gives his “Iron Curtain” speech
Cold War in Europe Conflicting US and Soviet aims in Eastern Europe led to the Cold War
Cold War in Europe During the Cold War, the US and Soviet Union tried to spread their economic and political influence wherever they could –Eventually spread to Asia, Africa, and Latin America
The Truman Doctrine US 1 st tried to contain communism in Greece and Turkey
The Truman Doctrine US spent $400 million to help Greece and Turkey Truman Doctrine-
Marshall Plan After WWII, Europe was in economic chaos
Marshall Plan 1946-47-harsh winter Food shortages Fuel shortages
Marshall Plan June 1947 US Secretary of State George Marshall proposed that the US help
Marshall Plan Congress debated plan for several months Then…
Marshall Plan Invasions showed the need for congress to move quickly and help create strong, stable governments in Europe
Marshall Plan The Plan was a success By 1952 Western Europe was flourishing
Superpowers Struggle Over Germany Europe starts to get back on its feet Western allies and Soviets arguing over German reunification
Berlin Airlift 1948-Western Zones combine into 1 nation Soviets respond by holding Berlin Hostage
Berlin Airlift Soviets cut off all access to Berlin No supplies could get in
Berlin Airlift Americans and British started the Berlin Airlift-fly food and supplies to West Berlin
Berlin Airlift 277,000 flights made delivering 2.3 million tons of supplies West Berlin survived
Berlin Airlift May 1949 West Germany becomes known as the Federal Republic of Germany with its capital at Bonn East Germany becomes German Democratic Republic with its capital in East Berlin
NATO Blockade increased fear of Soviet aggression
NATO NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization An attack on one regarded as an attack on all
Chapter 18 Section 1 Origins of the Cold War. Former Allies Crash Problems building between the US and SU before and during WWII Economic and political.
18.1 Origins of the Cold War. Former Allies clash Soviet system of communism State controlled all property and economic activity Capitalistic American.
MS. MEEKS EXETER HIGH SCHOOL 1950s Unit. Former Allies Clash United States and Soviet Union’s economic and political systems were incompatible. Communism.
Cold War Chapter 18 section 1 Allies Clash U.S. and Soviet Union = Rival superpowers after war Both could Influence world Americans / Soviets became.
US History II Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Section 1 Origins of the Cold War.
Origins of the Cold War Chapter 18 Section 1 Pages
THE BEGINNINGS OF THE COLD WAR. Disagreements over control of Europe and the development of nuclear weapons caused the alliance between the U.S. and the.
The Cold War. What is a “Cold War?” Ideological conflict between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the second half.
Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Section 1: Origins of the Cold War.
Today’s Warm Up. Today’s LEQ: How did the US and Soviet Union become Col d War adversaries?
26.1- Origins of the Cold War Lesson Objective: To understand how the Cold War began Essential Question: Was the Cold War unavoidable?
The Cold War: The Beginnings. Potsdam Conference Meeting of the Big 3 Stalin took back free elections in Poland and banned democratic parties Soviet Army.
COLD WAR CONFLICTS. (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2 What is the Cold War? A conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union in.
Warm-up 1) Get a green book and open it to page ) Read the section titled “Key Players” about both Truman and Stalin. 3) Create a chart comparing.
Chapter 26 Section 1 The U.S. and the U.S.S.R were allies but Different political systems (see the next two slides). Stalin signed the Non-Aggression.
ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR CH 26 SEC 1. U.S. VS. SOVIETS Private control Democratic Elections Competing political parties State controlled all economic activity.
Origins of the Cold War BIG IDEAS MAIN IDEA: The U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as two “superpowers” with vastly different political.
18.1: Origins of the Cold War. USA & Soviet Union Clash Former WWII Allies Different Ambitions for their nations’ futures… Economic Differences – Soviet.
The Cold War 1. Essential Question How did WW2 help lead to the start of the Cold War? 2.
Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Yalta Conference February 1945 meeting of Churchill, Roosevelt & Stalin February 1945 meeting of Churchill, Roosevelt.
Containing Communism Containment, the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan.
Origins of the Cold War Ch 18 Sec 1. I. Former Allies Clash A. United Nations A. United Nations 1. Objective was to keep world peace. 1. Objective was.
Early Cold War Events and Policy Background The Two Superpowers U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. were the two most powerful countries politically and economically,
Causes of the Cold War United Nations has its first meeting: April 25 th 1945 Officially sign the charter to establish the UN on June 26 th.
List 5 words that come to mind when you think of the Cold War…
Bell Ringer – (4) 1.Who were America’s allies during WWII? 2.Who was victorious at the end of WWII? 3.The Soviet Union was a communist state. What do you.
Section 1 Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Restructuring the Postwar World Chapter 17.
Warm-Up Think of a time when you had a conflict with someone. How did both sides act? What happened as tensions increased. Write about the incident on.
Chapter 27 – Lesson 3. U.S. fears that Soviet goal is world domination under Communism Soviet Union opposes UN peace keeping efforts Western Nations.
Cold War: Origins. Wartime Diplomacy Yalta Conference: Near the end of WWII. The “Big 3” meet near the Black Sea. ( FDR, Churchill, Stalin) Agreements:
Chapter 33 Restructuring the Postwar World. Section 1 Cold War: Superpowers Face Off The opposing economic and political philosophies of the US and SU.
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 11, 2011 U.S. History Mr. Green.
Attended by Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin. 1. Creation of the United Nations. 2. Stalin agrees to enter the Pacific war after the defeat of Germany.
After World War Two ends, The Soviet Union and The United States become suspicious of each other. The two nations are considered the superpowers of the.
Origins of the Cold War The Cold War Growing Distrust In the final months of the war, the Allies met at Yalta to discuss the end of the War,
A continuing state of tension & hostilities between the United States and Soviet Union – – differences in political and economic philosophies.
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute Honors World History Mr. Green.
18.1 Origins of the Cold War The Soviet and U.S. soldiers believed that their encounter would serve as a symbol of peace. Unfortunately, such hopes were.
25.1 The Cold War Begins. Cold War Cold War - state of hostility and uneasy relations, just short of direct military conflict, between the.
American History Chapter 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe.
Essential Idea Tensions between emerging superpowers United States and Soviet Union result in a Cold War that will last decades.
Chapter 17 – Restructuring the Postwar World (1945-Present) Section 1 – Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Main Idea: The opposing economic and political philosophies.
Chapter Differences… United States: Democracy Capitalist economy Leaders elected by voting Competing political parties USSR: Communism Government.
UNIT 12 – THE COLD WAR CHAPTER 33 RESTURCTURING THE POSTWAR WORLD.
The Cold War. The United Nations Following the war, the international community founded the peace keeping organization that was intended to provide a.
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PAGE 1 HORTON HIGH SCHOOL 2014 GLOBAL HISTORY 12 Unit 2 – The Cold War Expansion & Containment.
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