Presentation on theme: "List 5 words that come to mind when you think of the Cold War…"— Presentation transcript:
List 5 words that come to mind when you think of the Cold War…
“Russia knows what she wants; World Domination.” - George Patton
The Cold War Begins (ish) What is it? 46 year (ish) conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union following WWII. It is called the “Cold War” because these two nations never actually faced one another in direct military conflict.
Roots of the Cold War US and Soviets only allies in WWII because of opposition to Nazi Germany and fascism. Ideologies and Political Systems of the two are very different. ○ Communism vs. Capitalism Following WWII, conflict over what should be done with Germany and Eastern Europe.
Roots of the Cold War United StatesSoviet Union Capitalist democracy Free elections Religious freedom Private property Respect for individual differences Dictatorship Gov’t makes all economic, political, and military decisions. No religious freedom, no private property.
President Harry S. Truman Honest, self-confident and could make tough decisions. Did not have a college education. Supports government programs and civil rights.
Soviets tighten their grip.. USSR wanted communist countries they could control! Stalin installed Communist governments in… Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Poland These are called satellite nations! Depended on and dominated by the USSR
A policy of containment Truman says: “stop babying the Soviets” Containment: To keep Communism contained within its already existing borders.
Truman Doctrine What was it? Said that the United States would aid any country that was struggling against communist movements! Ex: Turkey and Greece! Do you think this Doctrine is a good idea? Why or why not?
The Marshall Plan Europe is in ruins after WWII….so Marshall Plan was to give aid to all European nations that needed it “not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos It was a success! Nutrition improved. Industry grew.
Conflict in Germany US and USSR clashed over German reunification US wanted it unified, USSR wanted to keep their fourth. Western zones were recombined in 1948 (France, US and Britain’s zones)
The Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain: term coined by Churchill representing the boundary dividing Eastern and Western Europe.
The Cold War Begins (ish)
The Berlin Airlift U.S. and Britain supplied West Berlin with supplies by air; dropping them off over Berlin. West Berlin survived because of this! May 1949, Stalin gives up his blockade on West Berlin.
The NATO Alliance North Atlantic Treaty Organization All member countries said: “An attack on one would be seen as an attack on all” Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and Canada – first to join!
Now, what are 5 new words you think of when you think of the Cold War