Presentation on theme: "Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 11, 2011 U.S. History Mr. Green."— Presentation transcript:
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 11, 2011 U.S. History Mr. Green
The students will explain the breakdown of relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after WWII by identifying U.S. actions made in response to Soviet actions Announcement: Chapter 18/19 Test May 13 Drill: Review the timeline on pages 604-605 and answer the following: 1. Which occurred first-the Hollywood Ten hearings or the Army-McCarthy hearings? 2. Who was the American president when the Soviets launched Sputnik?
Former Allies Clash Soviet communism state controls all property and economic activity U.S. Capitalist private citizens controlled almost all property and economic activity U.S. kept A-bomb development a secret U.S. waited to open a 2 nd front Potsdam Conference Stalin agreed to free elections in Poland which never happened
Truman did not want to give in to Stalin Stalin wanted to strip Germany of everything U.S. had no damage to the home front Soviets tighten their grip on Eastern Europe Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Poland become satellite nations of U.S.S.R. U.S. established a policy of containment George F. Kennan wrote a policy of containment to block the Soviets’ attempts to spread communism Churchill proclaimed an “iron curtain has descended across the continent”
The Truman Doctrine Truman asked Congress on March 12, 1947 for $400 million dollars to aid Greece and Turkey against a communist takeover U.S. would support free peoples throughout the world who were resisting takeover Marshall Plan U.S. aid to rebuild Europe and prevent communist takeovers Countries that joined had to remove trade barriers and cooperate economically with one another
Berlin Airlift Soviets cut off transportation into West Berlin from May 1948-May 1949 U.S. provided food via air drops to West Berliners U.S. won and Germany divided into 2 East and West Germany NATO Created to prevent an attack from the U.S.S.R. U.S. joined in April 1949-an attack on one is an attack on all 1 st time U.S. entered a military alliance during peacetime
Complete the Guided Reading sheet and submit prior to the end of class.
Should the United States join NATO? Explain your position with evidence from the text.