Presentation on theme: "Restructuring the Postwar World"— Presentation transcript:
1Restructuring the Postwar World Chapter 33Restructuring the Postwar World
2Section 1 Cold War: Superpowers Face Off The opposing economic and political philosophies of the US and SU lead to global competition.
3ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES SU ‘s nonaggression pact with Germany SU thought the US came into WWII too late
4Yalta Conference: A Postwar Plan February 1945US, Britain, and SU meet
5Yalta Conference: A Postwar Plan Continued… Agreed to…Divide Germany into 4 zonesGermany would pay war reparations to SUStalin agreed to join the war against JapanEastern Europeans (Poland) would have free elections
6Creation of the United Nations 50 countries joined the UN. Members protect each other against aggression.
7Creation of the United Nations Continued… All 50 make up the General Assembly, there is also an 11-member Security Council.5 permanent members have Security Council veto power.
8Differing US and Soviet Goals USSR lost more lives than the US and their infrastructure was destroyed.
9EASTERN EUROPE’S IRON CURTAIN USSR wanting to shield itself from invasion from western countries.USSR disregards the Yalta Conference and formed communist governments on its western boarder.
10EASTERN EUROPE’S IRON CURTAIN Continued… July 1945: Potsdam Conference is held. Truman, Stalin and Churchill (FDR had died)USSR was pressed to allow free elections in Poland.Stalin refuses, says capitalism and communism cannot co-exist.
11An Iron curtain divides East and West Germany now split in two; East (including Berlin) communist and West democratic.
12Churchill in a speech made in Fulton, Missouri stated that the USSR had created an “iron curtain” between Democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe
13UNITED STATES TRIES TO CONTAIN SOVIETS Through the Truman Document a policy of containment was issued.Tried to stop communist expansion.Congress is asked to aid Turkey and Greece.
14The Marshall PlanSecretary of State George Marshall proposed aid to needed European countries.$12.5 billion issued.
15The Berlin Airlift1948 France, Britain and the US withdraw from Germany.Their former occupation zones form one country.Berlin was divided into 4 zones.USSR cut West Berlin off from outside influence.It faced starvation.
16The Berlin Airlift Continued… From June 1948 – May 1949 Allied planes took off and landed every three minutes in West Berlin.Brought in food and supplies
17THE COLD WAR DIVIDES THE WORLD Definition: struggle of U.S., USSR using means short of war. Lasted until 1991.
18Superpowers Form Rival Alliances 1949: Because of the Berlin blockade, 10 western European nations, the US and Canada formed NATO.NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization, defensive military alliance.An attack on any NATO member would be considered an attack on all members.
19Superpowers Form Rival Alliances Continued… 1955: USSR responds by forming the Warsaw Pact.1961: Soviets build Berlin Wall to separate East and West Berlin.
20The Threat of Nuclear War US has atomic bombs1949USSR exploded its own atomic weapon.1950Truman issues work on a thermonuclear weapon: the H-bomb
21The Threat of Nuclear War Continued… 1953Eisenhower is president.John Foster Dulles was secretary of State. He issued a policy known as brinkmanship.DefinitionWillingness to go to the edge of war.
22The Cold War in the Skies 1957USSR creates a ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile)Sputnik was launched. First unmanned satellite.1958US sends its first missile.1960US wants to be able to fly over USSR.
23The Cold War in the Skies Continued.. U-2 In FlightUSSR says noHits a US spy plane (U-2) over 15 miles high in the sky.US feels a need to catch up to, or surpass the Soviets.1961 USSR: first man in space.1969 US first man on the moon.Khruhchev displays wreckage of the U-2 spy plane shot down over the USSR.
25Name of Conference, Who the people are, Main thing discussed
26This term was coined in Fulton Missouri by this person. Aid to European Countries fell under this _____ plan.What did the allies form because of the Berlin blockade and what was USSR’s response?John Foster Dullas coined the term_____ and it means what?Truman made this and it helped these countries.