2 What was the Cold War?U.S. fears that Soviet goal is world domination under CommunismSoviet Union opposes UN peace keeping effortsWestern Nations distrust Soviet UnionThis era of distrust is called the Cold WarWeapons are mainly economics and politicsEach nation stays armed
3 What was the Cold War?Soviet Union promised to hold democratic elections at YaltaStalin did not keep his promiseU.S. becomes worried about the spread of communism to European countriesSmall countries would not be able to defend themselves against the communists without U.S. help
5 What was the Cold War?An “iron curtain” has descended across the continentDictators were supported by the SovietsIron Curtain stands for the military weapons used to keep control of nationsBelieved the U.S. has power to stop the spread of communism
6 ContainmentTruman Doctrine – water spreads where there is no resistance$400 million to help Turkey & Greece fight off communist intrusionContainment Policy
7 The Marshall PlanSecretary of State George C. Marshall asks European leaders to see how much money it would take to rebuild their countries after the warFour-year, multibillion dollar plan is proposedCongress agreed to fund Europe's recovery
9 Berlin AirliftIn 1948, Soviets blockade East Berlin from Federal Republic of GermanyTruman orders airliftFor more than one year planes carried supplies to BerlinFinally the Soviet Union ended the blockade
10 Why is NATO Formed?Blockade makes U.S. think about forming a group for their shared protection1949 – Canada, U.S., and 10 European countries form the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationAn attack on one member would be an attack on all membersNATO has its own military forceU.S. volunteered 350,000 troops
11 Review QuestionsDemocratic countries tried to limit Communism during the ____________.___________ considers an attack on one member of its organization to be an attack on all members.The _______ was a Communist country.The _______ was an attempt to keep Communism from spreading in areas where there was little resistance.The ______ was a plan to help Europe after the war.