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THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social Control Section 1: Deviance Section 2: Crime.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social Control Section 1: Deviance Section 2: Crime."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social Control Section 1: Deviance Section 2: Crime

2 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives:  Explain the nature and social functions of deviance.  Compare the theories that have been proposed to explain deviance. Section 1: Deviance

3 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Nature of Deviance  Because there are so many norms governing behavior, occasional violations are unavoidable  What is considered deviant varies from society to society Section 1: Deviance

4 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Social Functions of Deviance  Clarifying Norms – defines the boundaries of acceptable behavior  Unifying the Group – serves to draw the line between conforming members of society and “outsiders” – the nonconforming members  Diffusing Tension – acts that allow individuals to relieve tension without disrupting the basic fabric of society Section 1: Deviance

5 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 Social Functions of Deviance  Promoting Social Change – can help prompt social change by identifying problem areas  Providing Jobs – provides legitimate jobs for a wide range of people Section 1: Deviance (continued)

6 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 Theories of Deviance  Functionalists – as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms, and structures of society  Conflict Theorists – as a result of competition and social inequality  Interactionists – as either natural in people with weak ties to the community (control theory), as a learned behavior (cultural transmission theory), or as a label (labeling theory) Section 1: Deviance

7 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Objectives:  Identify the principal types of crime in the United States.  Explain the characteristics of the American criminal-justice system. Section 2: Crime

8 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 Principal Types of Crime in the U.S.  Violent Crime – includes murder, robbery; most victims are African Americans  Crime Against Property – includes burglary, larceny, vehicle theft; more common than violent crimes  Victimless Crime – includes prostitution, gambling, illegal drug use; offender is the only victim Section 2: Crime

9 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Principal Types of Crime in the U.S.  White Collar Crime – committed by high-status individuals in the course of their professions; includes fraud, tax evasion, embezzlement  Organized Crime – the pursuit of crime as a big business Section 2: Crime (continued)

10 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 American Criminal-Justice System  Police – have most immediate control over who is arrested for a criminal act  Courts – determine the guilt or innocence of an accused person by means of a trial and assigns some form of punishment if there is a guilty finding  Corrections – sanctions used to punish those found guilty of crimes  Juvenile-Justice System – used to punish offenders younger than age 18 Section 2: Crime


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