Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social Control"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social Control Sociology4/12/2017CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social ControlSection 1: DevianceSection 2: CrimeChapter 8
2 Objectives: Section 1: Deviance Explain the nature and social functions of deviance.Compare the theories that have been proposed to explain deviance.
3 Nature of Deviance Section 1: Deviance Because there are so many norms governing behavior, occasional violations are unavoidableWhat is considered deviant varies from society to society
4 Social Functions of Deviance Section 1: DevianceSocial Functions of DevianceClarifying Norms – defines the boundaries of acceptable behaviorUnifying the Group – serves to draw the line between conforming members of society and “outsiders” – the nonconforming membersDiffusing Tension – acts that allow individuals to relieve tension without disrupting the basic fabric of society
5 Social Functions of Deviance Section 1: DevianceSocial Functions of Deviance(continued)Promoting Social Change – can help prompt social change by identifying problem areasProviding Jobs – provides legitimate jobs for a wide range of people
6 Theories of Deviance Section 1: Deviance Functionalists – as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms, and structures of societyConflict Theorists – as a result of competition and social inequalityInteractionists – as either natural in people with weak ties to the community (control theory), as a learned behavior (cultural transmission theory), or as a label (labeling theory)
7 Objectives: Section 2: Crime Identify the principal types of crime in the United States.Explain the characteristics of the American criminal-justice system.
8 Principal Types of Crime in the U.S. Section 2: CrimePrincipal Types of Crime in the U.S.Violent Crime – includes murder, robbery; most victims are African AmericansCrime Against Property – includes burglary, larceny, vehicle theft; more common than violent crimesVictimless Crime – includes prostitution, gambling, illegal drug use; offender is the only victim
9 Principal Types of Crime in the U.S. Section 2: CrimePrincipal Types of Crime in the U.S.(continued)White Collar Crime – committed by high-status individuals in the course of their professions; includes fraud, tax evasion, embezzlementOrganized Crime – the pursuit of crime as a big business
10 American Criminal-Justice System Section 2: CrimeAmerican Criminal-Justice SystemPolice – have most immediate control over who is arrested for a criminal actCourts – determine the guilt or innocence of an accused person by means of a trial and assigns some form of punishment if there is a guilty findingCorrections – sanctions used to punish those found guilty of crimesJuvenile-Justice System – used to punish offenders younger than age 18