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There are three sociological perspectives that explain deviance?  Functionalist  Conflict  Interactionist.

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Presentation on theme: "There are three sociological perspectives that explain deviance?  Functionalist  Conflict  Interactionist."— Presentation transcript:

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2 There are three sociological perspectives that explain deviance?  Functionalist  Conflict  Interactionist

3 Functionalist  Strain theory – views deviance as a natural outgrowth of values, norms, and structure of society.  Societies goal is to achieve economic success  However not every one has access to the legitimate means to achieve these goals.  Anomie- the situation that arises when the norms of society are unclear or no longer applicable.

4 Merton’s Structural Strain Theory  Conformity  Innovation  Ritualism  Retreatism  Rebellion

5 Conflict Perspective  Competition and social inequality lead to deviance.  See social life as a struggle between those who posses power ( ruling class ) and those who do not ( lower class )

6 People with Power  Commit deviant acts in a effort to maintain their position.  Label any behavior that threatens their power base as deviant  Explain deviance as a problem of the lower class  Crime enforcement efforts are most directed toward crimes committed by the lower classes

7 People without power  Commit deviant acts to obtain economic rewards.  Low self esteem and feelings of powerless  People without power don’t necessarily commit more crimes than other people.  Rather, they commit crimes that are most likely to be detected and punished

8 Interactionist perspective  Control theory: explains deviance as a natural occurrence.  Cultural transmission theory: explains deviance as a learned behavior  Differential association: frequency and closeness of a associations a person has with deviant and non deviant individuals

9 Other aspects of Deviance  Labeling theory: how individuals come to be identified as deviant  Primary deviance: deviance that goes undetected  Secondary deviance: results in a individual being labeled a deviant  Degradation: public setting, trial, guilty, punished and labeled deviant


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