1Section 1: Deviance Section 2: Crime CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social ControlSection 1: DevianceSection 2: Crime
2Question: What theories have been proposed to explain deviance? SECTION 1DevianceQuestion:What theories have been proposed to explain deviance?
3Deviance SECTION 1 Perspective Theory Questions Functionalist How do individuals respond to culturally approved goals and the legitimate means of achieving them? (conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism, rebellion)StrainConflictWhat is the result of competition and social inequality? (deviance) How decides what is deviant? (ruling classes)InteractionistWhy do people conform to norms? (The strength of social ties determines conformity.)ControlHow do people learn conformity or deviance? (through socialization, or interaction with others) Where does this learning mainly occur? (primary groups)Cultural TransmissionHow do people become identified as deviant? (through secondary deviance, or being labeled as deviant)Labeling
4SECTION 2CrimeQuestion:What are some characteristics of the American criminal-justice system?
5Juvenile-Justice System SECTION 2CrimeAMERICAN CRIMINAL-JUSTICE SYSTEMPolicehave the most control over who is arrested for crimes; use police discretion, which has raised the controversial issue of racial profilingCourtsdetermines the accused’s guilt or innocence in a court trial and then assigns a punishment; actually settles 90 percent of cases through plea bargainingCorrectionsincludes probation, imprisonment, parole; serves four functions—retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and social protectionJuvenile-Justice Systemapplies to offenders younger than 18; guarantees juvenile defendants the same legal rights and privileges as adults; often provides more services
6Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 8 1. What are the functions of deviance? 2. How does labeling theory differ from other theories of deviance?3. Describe the five general categories of crime. Be sure to list the types of crime in each category.4. What purposes does the corrections system fulfill? How does the juvenile-justice system meet these same purposes?