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CHAPTER 8 Section 1:Deviance Section 2:Crime Deviance and Social Control.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 8 Section 1:Deviance Section 2:Crime Deviance and Social Control."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 8 Section 1:Deviance Section 2:Crime Deviance and Social Control

2 SECTION 1 Question: What theories have been proposed to explain deviance? Deviance

3 SECTION 1 Deviance Perspective Theory Questions Functionalist How do individuals respond to culturally approved goals and the legitimate means of achieving them? (conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism, rebellion) StrainConflict What is the result of competition and social inequality? (deviance) How decides what is deviant? (ruling classes) Conflict Interactionist Why do people conform to norms? (The strength of social ties determines conformity.) Control How do people learn conformity or deviance? (through socialization, or interaction with others) Where does this learning mainly occur? (primary groups) Cultural Transmission How do people become identified as deviant? (through secondary deviance, or being labeled as deviant) Labeling

4 SECTION 2 Question: What are some characteristics of the American criminal-justice system? Crime

5 SECTION 2 Crime AMERICAN CRIMINAL-JUSTICE SYSTEM Police have the most control over who is arrested for crimes; use police discretion, which has raised the controversial issue of racial profiling Courts determines the accused’s guilt or innocence in a court trial and then assigns a punishment; actually settles 90 percent of cases through plea bargaining Corrections includes probation, imprisonment, parole; serves four functions—retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and social protection Juvenile-Justice System applies to offenders younger than 18; guarantees juvenile defendants the same legal rights and privileges as adults; often provides more services

6 Chapter Wrap-Up 1.What are the functions of deviance? 2.How does labeling theory differ from other theories of deviance? 3.Describe the five general categories of crime. Be sure to list the types of crime in each category. 4.What purposes does the corrections system fulfill? How does the juvenile-justice system meet these same purposes? 1.What are the functions of deviance? 2.How does labeling theory differ from other theories of deviance? 3.Describe the five general categories of crime. Be sure to list the types of crime in each category. 4.What purposes does the corrections system fulfill? How does the juvenile-justice system meet these same purposes? CHAPTER 8


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