3 Social DevianceDeviance: behavior that violates significant social normsOccasional violations are unavoidableNot all violations are considered deviant acts – depends on the situationWhat is considered deviant can change over time & varies from society to society
4 Social Deviance To be considered deviant… Must first be detected committing a deviant actMust be stigmatized by societyStigma = mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the rest of societyExamples: prison uniforms, negative social reactions
5 The Social Functions of Deviance Clarifying norms: defines boundaries of acceptable behaviorPunishments & consequences
6 The Social Functions of Deviance Unifying the Groups: line between conforming members & outcastsReinforces community & shared values
7 The Social Functions of Deviance Diffusing tension: minor acts allow individuals to relieve tension without disrupting societyProtests & demonstrations
8 The Social Functions of Deviance Promoting Social Change: identify problem areas and authorities can work to fix them.
9 The Social Functions of Deviance Providing jobs: judges, lawyers, police, prison officials, criminologists, etc.
11 Social Deviance Theories PerspectiveTheoryDescription + exampleFunctionalistStrainConflictInteractionistControlCultural TransmissionLabelingIdentify a deviant act that you have done and use one of theories to explain why you committed that deviant act.
12 Social Deviance Theories Functionalist PerspectiveStrain Theory-Views deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms, and structure of society.
13 Social Deviance Theories Conflict PerspectiveConflict TheoryCompetition and social inequality lead to deviance.
14 Conflict TheoryRuling classes label any behavior that threatens their power base as deviant.Ruling class explains deviance as a problem found among the lower classes.Law enforcement is primarily directed towards crimes committed by lower classes.Thus, people without power do not necessarily commit more crime, but the types of crimes most likely to be detected and punished.
15 Social Deviance Theories Integrationists Perspective-Control Theory – pg. 182Cultural Transmission Theory – pg. 184Labeling Theory – pg. 185When finished, complete the chart at the bottom of the graphic organizer based on your life experiences.