Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did nation-states arise out of the ashes of feudalism? Do Now: Explain the game tug of war. Homework: Tell the story of Joan of Arc in pictures."— Presentation transcript:
Aim: How did nation-states arise out of the ashes of feudalism? Do Now: Explain the game tug of war. Homework: Tell the story of Joan of Arc in pictures on the activity sheet.
The Hundred Years’ War 1.England and France fought on French soil from 1337 to 1453, to determine the rightful heir to the French throne after the death of French King, Philip IV. England’s King Edward III was the grandson of Philip IV, and claimed the throne. 2.When the war began, combatants were still operating under medieval ideals of chivalry. 3.In 1415, greatly outnumbered English forces defeated French forces at the Battle of Agincourt. 4.In 1420, the French and English signed a treaty stating that Henry V (of England) would inherit the French crown upon the death of the French king Charles VI. 5.In 1429, Joan of Arc, a French teenager, led French soldiers to a major victory at Orleans.
Battle of Agincourt, 1415 On the morning of the battle, the English archers hammered long pointed stakes into the ground at an angle, forming a barrier that could penetrate the chest of a charging horse. When the French armies charged, the English archers let fly a cloud of arrows that reached nearly 100 feet high, then plummeted down on the armor-clad French. As the arrows reached their mark, there was a loud clanking and banging of arrows off the steel armor and screams from frightened and wounded horses.
The Impact of the Hundred Years’ War 1.Power and prestige of French monarch increased 1.English turmoil – two noble houses fought for the English throne (“The War of the Roses”) 1.Warfare changed – Age of Chivalry was dead 4The Age of Faith slowly ended – the Great Schism, and discrediting of the Church during the Bubonic Plague 5.Nationalism emerged – the power of kings increased, people saw kings as national leaders. 6.The Age of Chivalry died on the battle fields of France.