Causes Imperialism- colonization was nearly done around the world and the losers were jealous of the winners. Militarism- the rise in power of the military leaders led to buildups in weapons and personnel. Nationalism- the rise of ethnic groups within borders led to calls for independence. Alliances- treaties both public and private led to a tangled web of promises to defend. Germany’s promise to back Austria’s invasion of Serbia led to the start of the war.
Picking Sides Central Powers- Germany and Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire(Turkey), Bulgaria Allies- Russia, France, Serbia, Great Britain, Italy
Weapons Machine Guns Rapid Fire Artillery Grenades Poison Gas
American Response Most Americans favored the Allied Powers In order to protect shipping President Wilson declared America to be neutral. Americans distrusted Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany because of his opposition to democracy.
Flu Epidemic of 1918 American Soldiers brought it with them 500,000 German soldiers caught it More American soldiers died from the flu than in battle All told over 500,000 Americans and 30 million worldwide died from this virus