4 *Nationalism – devotion to one’s nation What is a “nation”?Sharing common history, culture, language and ETHNICITYFrance – Alsace-LorraineThe Balkans*Imperialism – one country dominating othersSocial DarwinismThe best nation would come out ahead in the competition between counties
5 *Militarism – glorification of military Not a question of “if”, it’s a question of “when”Increases inSize of ArmiesStockpiles ofweaponsNew WeaponsMachine gunsMobile artilleryGasSubmarinesTanksAirplanes
8 Austria-Hungary’s Ultimatum AH Empire sends Serbia an ultimatumStop anyone who speaks ill of the AH EmpireNewspapers, army and gov’t officials, etcDo not hinder AH’s investigation of the assassinationReport everything to AHWhat is Serbia giving up?Do you think Serbia accepted this?
9 The Start of the War AH Empire declares war on Serbia July 28th, 1914Russia mobilizes for warSeeing Russia is mobilizing, Germany declares war on RussiaFrance’s alliance w/Russia makes them declare war on GermanyGermany declares war on Belgium???The *Schlieffen Plan
10 *Trench WarfareMachine GunsMobile artilleryGasLater on, Tanks
11 How did the US enter the war? President *Woodrow WilsonUrges neutralityBritain sets up a blockade against Germany so Germany uses *U-Boats against allied ships*Lusitania and Sussex
12 The Last Straw *Zimmermann Telegram April 2, 1917 January of 1917 President Wilson asks Congress to declare war on Germany
13 Commies! *Russian Revolution Democratic revolution overthrows Czar Nicholas II but keeps Russians in warCommunists have new revolutionLed by *Vladimir LeninRussia stops fighting and makes peace with GermanyGermany sends eastern front troops to the west
14 American troops turn the tide Germany attacks and attacksWith the incoming American troops, French, British and Italian troops were able to resist the German attacksGerman offensive collapsesArmies get cut off and Germany surrenders
15 Armistice and Treaty of Versailles Armistice – No more fightingNovember 11th, 19175 million Allied troops dead8 million Central power troops dead6.5 million civilians deadTreaty of Versailles – Peace treatyJune 28th, 1919
16 Wilson and his 14 points *14 points “Peace without victory”Wilson goes to the peace negotiations personallyEuropeans loved himWilson could not convince European leaders to accept his planKept League of Nations
17 Treaty of Versailles punishes Germany Germany claims sole responsibility for starting World War ILimited Germany’s army to 100,000Enlisted men must be in army for 12 years; Officers – 25 yearsLimited to tiny navyNO SUBMARINESGermany loses territoryGermany must pay reparations$54 billion ($663.9 billion today)
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