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World War I 1914-1918. causes of World War I Underlying causes (the fuel): Underlying causes (the fuel): nationalism nationalism imperialism imperialism.

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Presentation on theme: "World War I 1914-1918. causes of World War I Underlying causes (the fuel): Underlying causes (the fuel): nationalism nationalism imperialism imperialism."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War I

2 causes of World War I Underlying causes (the fuel): Underlying causes (the fuel): nationalism nationalism imperialism imperialism militarism militarism Alliance System Alliance System Immediate cause (the spark): Immediate cause (the spark): assassination of Franz Ferdinand (1914) assassination of Franz Ferdinand (1914) archduke of Austria- Hungary archduke of Austria- Hungary set off a chain reaction because of the Alliance System set off a chain reaction because of the Alliance System

3 Central Powers Germany Germany Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Ottoman Empire (Turkey)

4 Allies (World War I) Britain Britain France France Russia Russia Italy Italy (switched from Central Powers in 1915) (switched from Central Powers in 1915) United States United States (joined the war in 1917 ) (joined the war in 1917 )

5 World War I technology devastating weapons were developed as a result of the Industrial Revolution: devastating weapons were developed as a result of the Industrial Revolution: machine gun machine gun heavy artillery heavy artillery mortar mortar chemicals (poison gas) chemicals (poison gas) flame thrower flame thrower grenade grenade tank tank zeppelin zeppelin airplane airplane submarine submarine torpedo torpedo

6 trench warfare warfare where each side sets up fortified trenches that are parallel to one another warfare where each side sets up fortified trenches that are parallel to one another used extensively during World War I used extensively during World War I caused a stalemate which resulted in millions of casualties caused a stalemate which resulted in millions of casualties

7 Russian Revolution time period when the Bolsheviks (communists) overthrew the government of the czar (emperor) in 1917 time period when the Bolsheviks (communists) overthrew the government of the czar (emperor) in 1917 led by Vladimir Lenin led by Vladimir Lenin Russia became the Soviet Union (USSR) Russia became the Soviet Union (USSR) Russia dropped out of World War I Russia dropped out of World War I

8 reasons the U.S. entered World War I British propaganda British propaganda Lusitania Lusitania Zimmerman Telegram Zimmerman Telegram Russian Revolution Russian Revolution eliminated the Eastern Front eliminated the Eastern Front unrestricted submarine warfare unrestricted submarine warfare

9 World War I casualties soldiers: soldiers: 8 million dead 8 million dead 20 million wounded 20 million wounded called the Lost Generation called the Lost Generation civilians: civilians: 12 million dead 12 million dead

10 Woodrow Wilson ( ) U.S. president during World War I U.S. president during World War I proposed ideas for lasting peace including the League of Nations proposed ideas for lasting peace including the League of Nations

11 officially ended World War I officially ended World War I severely punished Germany: severely punished Germany: had to accept fault for the war had to accept fault for the war lost territory lost territory reparations reparations $33 billion to the Allies $33 billion to the Allies about $400 billion today about $400 billion today Treaty of Versailles

12 officially ended World War I officially ended World War I severely punished Germany: severely punished Germany: had to accept fault for the war had to accept fault for the war lost territory lost territory reparations reparations $33 billion to the Allies $33 billion to the Allies about $400 billion today about $400 billion today created new nations created new nations a major cause of World War II a major cause of World War II

13 League of Nations international peacekeeping organization international peacekeeping organization the only of Wilsons ideas adopted by the Treaty of Versailles the only of Wilsons ideas adopted by the Treaty of Versailles U.S. Congress refused to join and adopted a policy of isolationism U.S. Congress refused to join and adopted a policy of isolationism made the league weak made the league weak

14 Vocabulary Assignment Get into groups of two Define all 18 vocabulary words Draw two well detailed pictures (label) Two papers for each group Make 8 cuts on one side Create the flash cards Draw on back

15 Vocab Assignment Nationalism Militarism Alliance system Unification of Germany Trench warfare WWI weapons Zimmerman telegram Isolationism Stalemate Unrestricted submarine warfare Propaganda Two-front war Russian Revolution Lenin Communism Treaty of Versailles League of Nations Reparations


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