Presentation on theme: "World War 1 3 Continents 31 Countries 65 Million Soldiers 37 Million Casualties 91,198 Deaths by Gas 6,395 Allied and Neutral Ships lost "— Presentation transcript:
World War 1 3 Continents 31 Countries 65 Million Soldiers 37 Million Casualties 91,198 Deaths by Gas 6,395 Allied and Neutral Ships lost $186.3 Billion Financial Losses
M.A.I.N. causes of WWI DRIVING FORCE WAS NATIONALISM Militarism Imperial nations built up bigger and more powerful armies and navies which allowed them to conquer land Example: The size of France and Germany’s militaries doubled from 1870-1914.
Alliances Economic and political rivalries set up a system of alliances Triple Alliance – Central Powers ○ Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy Triple Entente – Allies Powers ○ Britain, France, & Russia Europeans believed this created a balance of power
Imperialism Newly united countries (Germany & Italy) wanted to establish colonies to gain New Markets and Raw Materials which created WEALTH! $$$$ Both countries pursued colonies in Africa. The Germans wanted the Congo ! The Italians wanted Ethiopia !
Nationalism Was the Driving Force! Behind WW I Many Ethnic people wanted independence from their empires. Especially in the Balkans From the (Austro-Hungarian & Ottoman) Empires They wanted Nation States. One Nationality -- One State The Differences led to conflict and an assassination which caused WW I to Begin
Outbreak of World War I Austro-Hungary and Ottoman Empires had ruled over the Balkan Peninsula for years. Result= Nationalism in the Balkans! Serbia gained independence from Ottoman Empire. Serbia wanted to unite with Bosnia which was part of the Austro- Hungarian Empire.
The “Powder Keg” & “Spark” ‘Powder Keg’ was the unstable Balkans Region The “Spark” That started WW I was……. The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire) In Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist
The Fight between Austria-Hungary and Serbia quickly involved many European Countries. Nations honored their agreements to back one another! ! Russia=Serbia’s ally and they declare war on Austria-Hungary. Germany= Austria-Hungary’s ally and they declare war on Russia. France and Great Britain= Russia’s ally and they declare war on Germany.
New Weapons Industrial Revolution developed new weapons which made the war more deadly Development of trench warfare New Weapons Long range artillery Poison gases Gas masks Submarines Tanks Machine guns Airplanes Flame throwers Both sides thought the war would be over quickly