Presentation on theme: "World War I Quiz Review When: WWI began in June of 1914 The United States didn’t enter the WW I until April of 1917."— Presentation transcript:
World War I Quiz Review When: WWI began in June of 1914 The United States didn’t enter the WW I until April of 1917
Who was fighting? Allies Great Britain France Russia (up to 1917) United States (after 1917) Central Powers Germany Austria Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire
Where did the fighting take place? The primary battle fields were in Western Europe: Belgium and France In Eastern Europe fighting took place on the Russian border. Naval battles took place around the globe and armies clashed in the mid-east as well as Africa.
What were the Causes of WW I Militarism: arms race in Europe between competing powers. Alliances: a system of military pacts, many of them secret. Nationalism: many groups in Europe wanted their own nations. Ethic tension. Imperialism: competition among powers for territory and trade. Especially Africa and Asia. Assassination: Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are killed in Bosnia.
What were the issues or reasons that caused the US to enter WW I? Unrestricted Submarine Warfare. German U-Boats. Sinking of the passenger ship Lusitania. 128 American die. Economic concerns. American banks and companies were owed money by the Allies. Zimmerman note. Germany tries to get Mexico to stir up trouble on our border. Russia quits the war. US hated the Czar, couldn’t fight if we would be on his side. Anti-German propaganda swayed US public opinion.
Why were many American’s opposed to the war? American boys shouldn’t die to keep monarchs in power. Few of the Allies were democratic countries. The killing and trench war was morally wrong. We were only fighting to protect the profits of big American banks and businesses. The war pitted workers against workers so Wealthy industrialist were the winners.
Who won and when did it end? The Allies won the war. The armistices (cease fire) was signed on the 11 th day of the 11 th month on the 11 th hour of 1918 or November 11 th 1918
Wilson and the 14 Points American President Woodrow Wilson went to France to lead the “Versailles Peace Treaty”. These are the most important of his 14 points included in his Blueprint for Peace: Free Trade Arms Control and Reduction No Secret Treaties Freedom of the Seas Self-Determination of Peoples A League of Nations
America wins the war but Pres. Wilson loses the peace. Wilson traveled to Paris to lead the peace conference at Versailles. His 14 points were the basis of a “Blueprint for Peace”. Although hailed as a hero in Paris Wilson was met with opposition from the US Senate The “Irreconcilables” a group of Republican senators refuse to ratify Wilson’s Versailles Treaty. The US finally signs a separate treaty with Germany in 1921.