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Causes of WW I 1. Mutual Defense Alliances 2. Imperialism 3. Militarism 4. Nationalism Immediate Cause: The Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

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Presentation on theme: "Causes of WW I 1. Mutual Defense Alliances 2. Imperialism 3. Militarism 4. Nationalism Immediate Cause: The Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes of WW I 1. Mutual Defense Alliances 2. Imperialism 3. Militarism 4. Nationalism Immediate Cause: The Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand

2 The Immediate Cause: Archduke Franz Ferdinand Death Archduke Franz Ferdinand- from Austria- Hungary 1. Assassinated by a Serbian nationalist 1. Assassinated by a Serbian nationalist 2. Killed in Sarajevo (Bosnia) 2. Killed in Sarajevo (Bosnia) * Serbia wanted to control Sarajevo * Serbia wanted to control Sarajevo 3. Led to countries all throughout Europe to take sides (form Alliances) 3. Led to countries all throughout Europe to take sides (form Alliances) *** Domino effect by 1914 *** Domino effect by 1914

3 Alliances- The Domino Effect Alliance- system of backing other countries * forming sides (Protecting each other) * forming sides (Protecting each other) Mutual Defense Alliances during Russia and Serbia 2. Germany and Austria Hungary 3. Britain and France and Belgium 4. Japan and Britain

4 Austria Hungary Declares War EARLY STEPS TO WW I (Alliances…) *** As a result of the Archdukes Assassination: 1. Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia 2. Russia defends Serbia 3. Germany declares war on Russia 4. France is drawn in against Germany and Austria Hungary 5. Germany attacks France inside of Belgium 6. Britain is involved to defend Belgium 7. Japan enters in to help Britain

5 The Isms Imperialism- Stronger countries taking advantage of weaker ones * Increasing competition * Increasing competition * Wanted to grow into huge empires * Wanted to grow into huge empires Militarism- Build up and focus on military supplies * Strong Military = Power * Strong Military = Power * Arms Race- gaining weapons * Arms Race- gaining weapons Nationalism- Countries being proud of their own way of life (Sense of Identity) * Countries trying to prove their dominance * Countries trying to prove their dominance

6 War Breaks Out The Central Powers 1. Germany 2. Austria Hungary 3. Bulgaria 4. Ottoman Empire (Turkey) *** USA- Neutral at this time Allied Forces 1. France 2. Britain 3. Russia

7 WW I and Trench Warfare Trench Warfare- Fighting a ground war in trenches (All about Positioning) 1. Shallow Ditches, tunnels w/ barbed wire 1. Shallow Ditches, tunnels w/ barbed wire 2. Charging other trenches 2. Charging other trenches *** Running Across No Mans Land *** Running Across No Mans Land Battle of Verdun- Lasted 10 months 1. Germans lost 400,000 men 1. Germans lost 400,000 men 2. France lost even more trying to defend territory 2. France lost even more trying to defend territory

8 Why the US entered the War… German U-Boats would attack any ship that left British ports (Even Neutral Ones) 1. Germany attacked the Lusitania * British passenger ship (128 Americans died) * British passenger ship (128 Americans died) * President Wilson is outraged * President Wilson is outraged 2. Zimmerman Telegram- Germany trying to get Mexico to wage war on the US * Secret note of Alliance between Germany and Mexico * Secret note of Alliance between Germany and Mexico * US saw Germany as a Trouble Maker * US saw Germany as a Trouble Maker 3. Russia Revolution- Czar Nicholas II loses power and Russia favors a democracy * Wilson supports Russia (Easier to favor Allies) * Wilson supports Russia (Easier to favor Allies)

9 US Enters the War April 2 nd President Wilson went to Congress to ask for a Declaration of War * Voted 455 to 56 to fight * Voted 455 to 56 to fight Raising an Army 1. Selective Service Act- Required all men from to register for the military * 18 months- 4 million people joined forces * 18 months- 4 million people joined forces 2. Educated, trained and prepared to fight * All different ethnic groups * All different ethnic groups


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