Presentation on theme: "World War I Unit 4 RMS IB 2013-2014 Ms. Hunt. Stop and Jot! *Look at the cartoon… Free write about what you think the cartoon means. - Do NOT stop writing."— Presentation transcript:
World War I Unit 4 RMS IB 2013-2014 Ms. Hunt
Stop and Jot! *Look at the cartoon… Free write about what you think the cartoon means. - Do NOT stop writing until the music stops!!!
MAIN Causes- Militarism Militarism – To encourage national pride, governments began to build large and strong militaries. – Their armies now contain the newest weapons and technology of the time, which increased their power!
MAIN Causes- Alliances In order to encourage nation stability, European nations entered into alliances with other strong nations. These alliances “dragged” nations into war! Triple Alliance – Germany – Austria-Hungry – Italy Triple Entente – France – Great Britain – Russia *Horrible Histories Video
MAIN Causes- Imperialism Imperialism- 1600’s- 1800’s – European nations had controlled over 85% of the Earth’s land for colonies – Controlling the most territory became a competition between rival nations causing tension.
MAIN Causes- Nationalism Nationalism – Citizens of European nations became very proud of their nations accomplishments. – Provided the people with a sense of power! – Representing one’s homeland gave people a sense of nation pride that they wanted to maintain by becoming more and more powerful
What does the cartoon tell us about Nationalism?
Immediate Causes of Global War Creation of a new nation- Serbia – Bosnia (neighbor to Serbia) was taken over and added to Austria Hungary's Empire – Upset the people of Serbia Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand – June 28 th, 1914 – Killed by member of the Blank Hand (Serbian Nationalist Group) Supported all Serbian causes – Ferdinand was the heir to the Austria Hungary throne Mobilizations – Nations that felt threatened by the actions of rivals organized the armies – Became ready for battle! Alliances – Once 1 member of the alliance went to war, the other members joined in support!
War Begins! 1914- War begins when the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente enter into warfare Alliances changed their names to… – Allied Powers (previously Triple Entente) – Central Powers (previously Triple Alliance) 1914-1917- The United States stayed neutral – Neutral means to not take part of or give assistance in a dispute or war between others Source: www.dictionary.comwww.dictionary.com
U.S. Enters WWI Causes that brought the U.S. into war: – Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915 Passenger cruise ship that entered a war zone German U-Boat attacked the ship causing it to sink Over 1,000 people died, including 128 Americans – Zimmerman Telegram, January 1917 Arthur Zimmerman, German government official, sent a telegram to the German Ambassador to Mexico. Offered Mexico U.S. territory if they were to join WWI as an ally to Germany. – American Citizens Outraged by the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman Telegram, American citizens called for war!!!!! *The United States entered World War I on April 6 th, 1917
A New Kind of War Trench Warfare – Opposing sides dug deep trenches opposite of each other – Soldiers would fight from within the trenches and try to cross “No Man’s Land” to gain territory “No Man’s Land”- territory between trenches – Barbed wire and weapons blocked your way to the other side – Think- “No man” made it across Technology – Airplane – Tanks – Machine Guns – Mustard Gas – Submarines
End of the Great War Armistice- stopped fighting Central Powers surrendered in November 1918 Treaty of Paris- January 1919 – Leaders involved- George Clemenceau (France), Vittoria Orlando (Italy), David Lloyd George (England), and Woodrow Wilson (USA) Punishments to Germany – No military! – Pay reparations (pay back the Allied Powers for the money they had spent on the war)