2 Stop and Jot!*Look at the cartoon… Free write about what you think the cartoon means.- Do NOT stop writing until the music stops!!!
3 MAIN Causes- Militarism To encourage national pride, governments began to build large and strong militaries.Their armies now contain the newest weapons and technology of the time, which increased their power!
4 MAIN Causes- Alliances In order to encourage nation stability, European nations entered into alliances with other strong nations.These alliances “dragged” nations into war!Triple AllianceGermanyAustria-HungryItalyTriple EntenteFranceGreat BritainRussia*Horrible Histories Video
6 MAIN Causes- Imperialism Imperialism- 1600’s- 1800’sEuropean nations had controlled over 85% of the Earth’s land for coloniesControlling the most territory became a competition between rival nations causing tension.
7 MAIN Causes- Nationalism Citizens of European nations became very proud of their nations accomplishments.Provided the people with a sense of power!Representing one’s homeland gave people a sense of nation pride that they wanted to maintain by becoming more and more powerful
8 What does the cartoon tell us about Nationalism?
9 Immediate Causes of Global War Creation of a new nation- SerbiaBosnia (neighbor to Serbia) was taken over and added to Austria Hungary's EmpireUpset the people of SerbiaAssassination of Archduke Franz FerdinandJune 28th, 1914Killed by member of the Blank Hand (Serbian Nationalist Group)Supported all Serbian causesFerdinand was the heir to the Austria Hungary throneMobilizationsNations that felt threatened by the actions of rivals organized the armiesBecame ready for battle!AlliancesOnce 1 member of the alliance went to war, the other members joined in support!
11 War Begins!1914- War begins when the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente enter into warfareAlliances changed their names to…Allied Powers (previously Triple Entente)Central Powers (previously Triple Alliance)The United States stayed neutralNeutral means to not take part of or give assistance in a dispute or war between othersSource:
12 U.S. Enters WWI Causes that brought the U.S. into war: Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915Passenger cruise ship that entered a war zoneGerman U-Boat attacked the ship causing it to sinkOver 1,000 people died, including 128 AmericansZimmerman Telegram, January 1917Arthur Zimmerman, German government official, sent a telegram to the German Ambassador to Mexico.Offered Mexico U.S. territory if they were to join WWI as an ally to Germany.American CitizensOutraged by the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman Telegram, American citizens called for war!!!!!*The United States entered World War I on April 6th, 1917
14 A New Kind of War Trench Warfare Opposing sides dug deep trenches opposite of each otherSoldiers would fight from within the trenches and try to cross “No Man’s Land” to gain territory“No Man’s Land”- territory between trenchesBarbed wire and weapons blocked your way to the other sideThink- “No man” made it acrossTechnologyAirplaneTanksMachine GunsMustard GasSubmarines
16 End of the Great War Armistice- stopped fighting Central Powers surrendered in November 1918Treaty of Paris- January 1919Leaders involved- George Clemenceau (France), Vittoria Orlando (Italy), David Lloyd George (England), and Woodrow Wilson (USA)Punishments to GermanyNo military!Pay reparations (pay back the Allied Powers for the money they had spent on the war)