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World War I. Nationalism The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation.

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Presentation on theme: "World War I. Nationalism The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War I

2 Nationalism The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation

3 Nationalism This is an example of nationalism

4 Nationalism …but so is this…

5 Imperialism Empire building European countries competed against each other for colonies Started rivalries

6 Militarism Europeans believed they needed a powerful military to be truly great Made countries feel good about themselves Scared neighbors

7 Unstable Alliances Germany, Austria- Hungary, Ottoman Empire Britain, France, Russia, Italy UNSTABLE- the only thing they had in common was their enemy, shared borders with enemies

8 Chain Reaction Austria declared war. Russia (Serbia’s ally) moved army toward the Russian-Austrian border AND German border Russia told Germany it was a “just in case” move Germany declared war on Russia Russia asked France for help Before France could respond, Germany declared war on France

9 Schlieffen Plan Germany would rush West and invade France, then rush back East and invade Russia Germany needed to pass through Belgium (Belgium said “NO WAY!!”) Germany declared war on Belgium Britain declared war on Germany

10 Western front Mark this on your map

11 Western Front and Trench Warfare Where the majority of the fighting took place (France) Miles of parallel trenches to protect from the enemy No man’s land Trench foot

12 Trench Warfare



15 New Weapons Poison gas- Soldiers wore masks to protect themselves. Introduced by the Germans, used by both sides, blinding, blisters, death

16 New Weapons Machine gun (improved)- fires ammunition automatically, wiped out waves of attackers at once

17 New Weapons Airplane-WWI is the first time in history that planes were used in a combat role. At first they were used for taking photographs of enemy lines. Later used for dropping bombs.

18 New Weapons Submarine- Germans issued them first, then both sides used them, hard to detect by the enemy

19 The U.S. enters the war Unrestricted submarine warfare- sinking of the Lusitania (American citizens were onboard), Germany said they would assume all ships were enemy ships

20 The U.S. enters the war Zimmerman Telegram- Germany’s foreign secretary (Zimmerman) sent a message to Mexico saying if they joined the war on Germany’s side, Germany would help them get part of the U.S. The U.S. decoded the message.

21 The U.S. enters the war America’s bond with England America’s trade relationship with the Allied powers

22 The end of the War Russia has internal problems, they sign peace treaty with Germany Germany focuses all attention on Western front Germany started strong, then gradually lost strength Germany was forced to sign an armistice (peace treaty)

23 How the world changed Political, economic, social changes France countryside and economy was almost completely destroyed Germany lost a lot of resources and respect Increased tension in the world

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