Presentation on theme: "Africa as a Global Player in the Supply and Demand of Energy Nithin Seenivasan Frank Südbeck FH Aachen, Jülich. 4 th November, 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Africa as a Global Player in the Supply and Demand of Energy Nithin Seenivasan Frank Südbeck FH Aachen, Jülich. 4 th November, 2011
Contents of the Presentation 1.Introduction 2.Fossil Fuels in Africa 3.Uranium in Africa 4.Renewable Energies in Africa 5.Problems plaguing Africa 6.Possible Solutions 7.Conclusion 8.References
Facts About Africa I Population: – 920 Mio. people – 2,3% annual growth – Nigeria is the most populous country (162,471,000 inhabitants) Size: – 30 322 573 km² – Algeria is the largest country (2,381,741 km²) Sources: UN, African Development Bank, creative commons
Facts About Africa II GDP per Capita: – Africa (average)970 USD/a – Burundi300 USD/a – Germany 35.700 USD/a Life expectancy: – Africa54,4 years – Lesotho45,6 years – Germany80,1 years (retirement age 67) Sources: CIA, African Development Bank
Energy in Africa Source: uneca.org Source: “Oil and Gas Journal”, 2005
Potential Huge Oil and gas fields are expected to be found in Africa: Ghana, Kenia, South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda are currently investing for on- and offshore hydrocarbon exploration Not necessarily good news for Climate activists and CO2 reduction policies!
Coal Reserves Source: BP Statistical review of world energy June 2010
Coal Production South Africa has Africa's only significant coal reserves. It had 2009 coal production of 250.02 million tonnes, 4.13% of the world total. South Africa is the world’s third largest coal exporting country, exporting around 25% of its production internationally Total proved reserves 80408 Mt.
Coal Consumption Electricity generation accounts for 43% of all coal consumed in South Africa (1997 estimate). Around 35% of liquid fuel used in South Africa is derived from coal Still a primary energy source for cooking, lighting and heating in many lower income families
Political Risks – The Libya Example Source: African Development Bank
Possible Solutions I Millennium Development Goals “They are the eight international development goals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015 ” Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Possible Solution II Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Source: greencleanguide.com
Conclusion Africa has the theoretical Renewable Energy Potential to power the whole world, so there is no doubt that Africa is richly endowed with Energy Resources. But it’s biggest obstacle today is ITSELF, since political instability and poor governance hinders rapid development. The Global Community has the duty to help Africa solve its internal problems and to develop its Energy sector in a Clean and Sustainable way, for the Energy future and Environmental benefit of the world.