Presentation on theme: "Week 10 Politics of international aid Development aid and development funding: International philanthropy or political gain?"— Presentation transcript:
Week 10 Politics of international aid Development aid and development funding: International philanthropy or political gain?
What is development? What are the characteristics of a “developed country”? What are the characteristics of a “developing country”? - Even responses to these questions are steeped in politics and ideology
What is development?? 200 Countries, 200 Years, in 4 Minutes – a history of development? Hans Rosling - Gapminder.org
Development approaches, indicators, measures Economic development Social or human development
6 billion people on the planet in 2000, 1 billion of those have 80% of the income, 5 billion have 20% Of those 5 billion, 3 billion live on less than $2 per day Of those 3 billion 1.2 billion live on less than $1 per day. And half of those are starving – they cannot feed themselves or their children. (and 1 trillion dollars in development aid in the last 50 years to get these outcomes) Development progress? - numbers from Bill Wolfensohn, former head of World Bank
In 1500 and 1815, China and India had 50% of global GDP. After world war 2 they had 1.2% In 2050, they will again have reached 50% of global GDP In 2050 (with 9 billion people) 80% of world income will no longer be with US, Europe and Japan – they will only have 35% of the world’s total wealth. In % of income will be in China and India, 65% in Asia. Average wages will be $ per capita in Africa, $ per capita in China and India, and $ in Europe and US. By 2050 there will be 9 billion people in the world and 2/9ths of these will be living in extreme poverty. (mostly in Africa) “We cant have 2/9ths of the world population in this situation” -- Bill Wolfensohn WHY? (or WHY NOT?)
“People will use the inadequacies of income to stimulate problems... [this information] will enable those of malevolent intent to stir up trouble” Bill Wolfensohn Is development aid a security issue? Political imperative? human right? Actionaid reference “Action on Rights”, People’s movement for HRE “The Human Right to Development”
Who gives what to whom, and why?- Australia’s position as Who decides what to prioritise in the provision of aid? Political questions for development aid
What should be a greater aid priority? Maternal healthcare or AIDS prevention? Infant mortality or universal primary education for girls? Reduce malnutrition or achieve equal representation of women in decision making? Education infrastructure (building new schools) or providing immunisation against preventable diseases? Food aid or infrastructure linking rural area to urban centre?
Places most dependent on development aid (US$ million) 1. Solomon Islands East Timor Burundi Sao Tome Eritrea Sierra Leone Congo Republic Malawi Palestinian Territories Rwanda 26.7
Biggest givers of international aid Amount (US$ mil.) Proportion of gross national income (%) 1. United States 21, Germany 12, France 9, Britain 9, Japan 7, Netherlands 6, Spain 5, Sweden 4, Italy 3, Canada 3,
Millennium development goals 8 goals, 21 quantifiable targets, 60 indicators Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development