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1 European Community Development Policy. 2 GENERAL CONTEXT world-wide.. Trade and investment liberalisation Technological revolution - Information Society.

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Presentation on theme: "1 European Community Development Policy. 2 GENERAL CONTEXT world-wide.. Trade and investment liberalisation Technological revolution - Information Society."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 European Community Development Policy

2 2 GENERAL CONTEXT world-wide.. Trade and investment liberalisation Technological revolution - Information Society Movement of capital Responses: Global governance Poverty reduction Strategies Integration of developing countries into world economy

3 3 Population on less than 1€/day Developing countries: 1.2 billions South Asia 522 million (40% +) Africa 291 million (46% +) East Asia 278 million (15% -) South America 78 million (16% +) Central Asia 24 million ( 5% +)

4 4 International Framework The Millennium Development Goals  Halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty by 2015  Achieve universal Primary education by 2015  Promote Gender equality and empower women  Reduce by 2/3 the under-5 children mortality rate by 2015  Reduce by 3/4 the maternal mortality rate by 2015  Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases  Ensure environmental sustainability  Develop a global partnership for development

5 5 International Framework Financing for development Generate sufficient funds to finance international development targets More attention / new initiatives  UN long term goal: 0,7% ODA/GNI  EU commitment to reach 0.39% ODA/GNI by 2006  Debt relief (extended HIPC)  Untying of aid

6 6 International Framework The Doha Development Agenda  Sustainable globalisation: ensure equitable integration of developing countries in global economy  Setting objectives that embrace environmental and consumer concerns and social development needs  Capacity building and technical assistance  Global governance: active co-operation with ILO, UNEP and other relevant international organisations

7 7 International Framework Sustainable Development Summit, Johannesburg Commitments, partnerships, programmes and actions on:  Poverty Eradication  Water and sanitation  Sustainable production and consumption  Energy  Chemicals  Management of natural resource base (water, oceans and fisheries, atmosphere, biodiversity, forests)  Corporate responsibility  Health

8 8 EU and developing countries : some statistics...  EC and Member States : 25 bn USD in % GNI (DAC 0.22%)  EC 4.9 bn (10% international total)  EC = largest donor of humanitarian aid in the world  EU principal trade partner for many developing countries

9 9 ODA 2000

10 10 Council/Commission’s Joint Statement of 10 November 2000 New orientations for EC development policy

11 11 Principles  Sustainable, equitable and participatory human and social development  Human Rights, democracy, rule of law, good governance

12 12 Objectives  Refocus on poverty reduction  Economical, social, environmental, commercial, institutional aspects, conflict prevention  “Ownership”  “Ownership” - participation, dialogue, governance

13 13 Refocusing of EC’s activities  Principles:  Maximise EC’s impact  Objective poverty reduction  EC added value  Six areas  Three horizontal themes  Synergies with other policies

14 14 Integrated framework of EC activities Central objective : poverty reduction Trade and development Regional integration and co-operation Macro-economical and social sector support (Health, Education) Transport Food security and sustainable rural development Institutional capacity-building (governance) Human Rights, Gender,Environment

15 15 Other aspects / Global issues / Synergies  Action against communicable diseases / health and development, trade, research  Information society - access to Internet and institutional co-operation

16 16 Increase efficiency  Reform of external aid  strengthening of country strategies and programming  creation of EuropeAid Co-operation Office  deconcentration and decentralisation  Needs and performance, direct aid to budget, sectoral programmes, evaluation  Relief/rehabilitation/development

17 17 Increase efficiency Co-ordination, Complementarity  Country Strategy Papers  Operational co-ordination  International framework (“PRSP, CDF”)

18 18 Increase efficiency EU Policy Coherence Avoid negative external effects of domestic EU policies More attention / new initiatives  Agriculture (reform of CAP)  Fisheries (reform of CFP)  Preventing illicit arms exports  Migration

19 19 Increase efficiency Better Governance Ensure good governance at all levels and within all countries More attention / new initiatives  Institutional capacity building  Fight against corruption  Global environmental & social governance


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