Presentation on theme: "an issue of Life and Livelihoods and Role of Biotechnology in Water"— Presentation transcript:
1an issue of Life and Livelihoods and Role of Biotechnology in Water Water and Poverty:an issue of Life and LivelihoodsandRole of Biotechnology in Waterand Wastewater TechnologyByMomal Umer
2Presentation flow Introduction Water – A Key to Meeting the Millennium Development Goals in PakistanMDG Goals and Pakistan’s positionWater related diseasesKey ChallengesRole of Biotechnology in Water and Wastewater TechnologyBayesian methods for livelihood, water, and poverty analysis
3IntroductionThe water crisis is a largely silent crisis in Pakistan. Every year, some 1.4 million people in Pakistan, mostly children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
4Water – A Key to Meeting the Millennium Development Goals in Pakistan Water is life, for people and for the planet. It is essential to the well-being of humankind and a basic requirement for the healthy functioning of all the world’s ecosystems.
7Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Halve extreme poverty and hungerGoal 2: Achieve universal primary educationGoal 3: Promote gender equality and empower womenGoal 4: Reduce child mortalityGoal 5: Improve maternal healthGoal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesGoal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
8Water related diseases AnaemiaArsenicosisAscariasisBotulismCampylobacteriosisCholeraCryptosporiodiosisCyanobacterial toxinsDengue
9Key ChallengesThere are significant social, economic, ecological, and capacity obstacles to meeting the MDG for water and sanitation. Overcoming them will require more effective water governance and bio-technology.
10Role of Biotechnology in Water and Wastewater Technology
11Environmental biotechnology “manages microbial communities to provide services to society.” Two timely examples are the reduction of oxidized water contaminants and the production of methane, hydrogen, electricity, ethanol, and biodieselSource: Nerenberg et al., 2002; Nerenberg and Rittmann, 2004
12Two Categories The Value of Reduced Products The Revolution from Molecular Microbial EcologySource: Nerenberg et al., 2002; Nerenberg and Rittmann, 2004
13SuccessRemoval of one or several of the oxidized contaminants from drinking water or groundwater.Removal of one or several of the oxidized contaminants from industrial wastewater.Advanced N removal in wastewater treatment.Source: Nerenberg et al., 2002; Nerenberg and Rittmann, 2004
14Bayesian methods for livelihood, water, and poverty analysis
15IntroductionThis demonstrates methods for modeling rural livelihood systems in water-poor communities as part of a larger goal of linking physical models to models of social and ecological systems
16Methods Generating networks from field reports Creating conditional probability tables
17ResultsPart of the model is shown as five submodels: Livelihood Assets, Land, Rice Production, Water Supply, and Finances
18ConclusionIn order to alleviate the detrimental effects of poor water management and a lack of adequate financial resources, we should get help from the technologies by using bio-informatics to save the life of poor people in our country.