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1 The Millennium Development Goals Indicators & Trends Vanessa Gray Market, Economics, Finance Unit Telecommunication Development Bureau International.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Millennium Development Goals Indicators & Trends Vanessa Gray Market, Economics, Finance Unit Telecommunication Development Bureau International."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Millennium Development Goals Indicators & Trends Vanessa Gray Market, Economics, Finance Unit Telecommunication Development Bureau International Telecommunication Union World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Meeting Geneva, Switzerland February 10-11, 2005

2 2 Background 189 nations committed themselves to the UN Millennium Declaration in September 2000 Objective of the declaration is to promote a comprehensive approach and a coordinated strategy in tackling many problems, such as poverty, hunger, ill- health, lack of education, gender inequality and environmental degradation

3 3 8 Goals, 18 targets and 48 indicators Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger –Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day (from 27.9% to 14%) Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4. Reduce child mortality Goal 5. Improve maternal health Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development For more information see:

4 4 Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Total of 8 targets (targets 12-18) Target 18 (ITU): In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications ITU tracks: Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population Personal computers per 100 population Internet users per 100 population

5 5 MDG trends Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population Personal computers in use per 100 population Internet users per 100 population World <111 Developed regions <145 Developing regions 225<1305 Source: World Telecommunication Indicators Database

6 6 MDG regional trends Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population Personal computers in use per 100 population Internet users per 100 population World <111 CIS Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia South Asia South-eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Source: World Telecommunication Indicators Database

7 7 MDG trends and the digital divide Source: World Telecommunication Indicators Database

8 8 Alternative target 18 indicators Household telephone (fixed and mobile) penetration Household PC penetration Household Internet penetration Mobile population coverage Community access indicators

9 9 MDG future Difficult to alter the indicators identified by the MDG Growing focus on ICT for development and the need for concrete indicators to measure the impact of ICT on the MD goals as well as on social and economic development in general WSIS Thematic Meeting on Measuring the Information Society has identified the need to measure impact and quantify the relevance and contribution of ICT towards improving development and achieving the MDGs

10 10 A tale from Bangladesh… GrameenPhone success story in Bangladesh Increased mobile penetration from 0.3% in 1997 to close to 2% in 2004 Provides services to the poor and unconnected in more than villages and access to telecom facilities to more than 60 million people in rural areas Average monthly salary of village phone ladies: BDT 5000 per month (more than twice the average monthly per capita income) Created more than jobs, including for dealers, agents, contractors and suppliers The company is one of Bangladeshs largest private sector investors and largest taxpayers

11 11 Thank You


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