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Politics of the Third World. Third World countries.

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Presentation on theme: "Politics of the Third World. Third World countries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Politics of the Third World

2 Third World countries

3 5 most important issues facing the Third World today –poverty developing countries –globalization –weak state –ethnicity –environment

4 Why study the Third World? Interdependence and globalization most of the world –population –area most of the natural resources –raw materials and energy resources –Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

5 Why study the Third World? Western role in creating and sustaining some of the problems in the Third World

6 Why study the Third World? We ignore the Third World at our peril

7 Millennium Development Goals In 2000 the UN Millennium Declaration was adopted at the largest-ever gathering of heads of state

8 Millennium Development Goals 1eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2achieve universal primary education 3promote gender equality 4reduce child mortality 5improve maternal health 6combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, etc. 7ensure environmental sustainability 8global partnership for development

9 Poverty & economic growth

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12 Imperialism & Third World European colonial expansion for 300 years most colonies are independent after WWII

13 political legacies traditional polity and “modern” state state boundaries drawn to suit colonizers

14 economic legacies “dependency” theory –“core” vs. “periphery” foreign trade structure

15 Types of state strong states weak states –multi-party democracies –single-party regimes –military regimes –personal dictatorships failed states

16 Levels of democracy The “third wave of democratization”

17 State & economic development weaknesses in physical and human infrastructure political instability harms investment and consumption political allocation of scarce resources weak and ineffective state institutions to implement economic policies widespread corruption

18 International financial institution The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank –headquarters in Washington D.C. –voting weight proportional to fund contribution –IMF loans are subject to conditionality acceptance of structural adjustment (liberalization) privatization reduce inflation cut debt

19 World Trade Organization lower tariffs and ease other trade barriers

20 Foreign aid


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