Presentation on theme: "What is the subjunctive tense? Actually, the subjunctive is not referred to as a tense, such as preterit or future, but rather as a mood."— Presentation transcript:
What is the subjunctive tense?
Actually, the subjunctive is not referred to as a tense, such as preterit or future, but rather as a mood.
The subjunctive mood expresses uncertainty, doubt, wishes, desires, and conditions that are unreal or contrary to fact. The indicative mood states facts and expresses certainty or reality.
Does English use the subjunctive mood?
Yes, Homer, but it is used far more frequently in Spanish. Example: It is important that he go to a good school.
When does one know when to use subjunctive?
In order to use the subjunctive, it is important that we have A WEDDING
¡Maravilloso! ¿Una boda?
A W.E.D.D.I,N.G. is actually an acronym to help us remember all of the different ways we use the subjunctive mood. is for Adverbial phrases
a fin de que: so that para que: so that a menos que: unless antes de que: before con tal que: provided that en caso de que: in case (that) sin que: without Adverbial Phrases include:
is for Wishing, wanting or requesting
aconsejar: to advise or counsel desear: to wish, to want exigir: to demand insistir: to insist mandar: to command, to order pedir: to ask for preferir: to prefer querer: to want rogar:to beg suplicar: to plead Wishing, wanting and requesting
Stands for EMOTIONS: alegrarse de que: to be happy that entristecerse de que: to be sad that esperar: to hope ojalá: if only/god willing sorprenderse de que : surprised that temer que: to fear that tener miedo de que: to be afraid that
is for Doubt ¿creer? ¿pensar? dudar no creer ¿Hay alguién que…? (Is there someone who…) Busco a una persona que… I am looking for a person that….
2 is for: DENIAL negar: to deny prohibir: to prohibit
mpersonal Expressions Es importante quees menester que: it is important that Es imposible quees necesario que: Es lastima que: it is a pity thates preciso que: it is necessary that Es mejor que: it is better thates posible que Mas vale que: it is better thates probable que
necesitar: to need
sentir que: to feel sorry lamentar: to lament, to feel bad that
In order to have A WEDDING, we need 3 things:
1. an independent verb or phrase, a strong verb In this case, a strong, independent woman She must make the proposal
2. A dependent verb that will submit to the independent verb
In between the independent and the dependent, there is another important element
Proposals are completed with a wedding ring. We usually say that the ring is 14K or 12K
For our purposes, we will say that the proposal is complete with 1K (que)
In order to form subjunctive, we must have three requirements 1. The independent verb or phrase, or WEDDING phrase 2. The dependent verb: (He must change) The (K) que in between
To be successful in his marriage, we know that the dependent MUST CHANGE
The general rule for changing dependent verbs into subjunctive is by adding the opposite vowel ending. hablar que yo: hable que tu: hables que el hable que nosotros hablemos que vosotros habléis que ellos hablen
The opposite vowel rule is always true in the subjunctive: However, there are different families of verbs that have different rules about how the stem of the verb changes.
With verbs that stem change e-ie, o-ue, or e-i Always stem-change first, and then put on the opposite vowel ending.
Verbs that change to go in yo form in the present tense must change as such and then you put on the opposite vowel ending. pongo = pongavengo = vengaoigo = oiga hago = hagadigo = diga
The i changes to y in verbs that end in -uir in present tense. Present (el) Subj. (el) construirconstruyeconstruya distribuirdistribuyedistribuya
Verbs that end in –cer or –cir change in yo form present tense to –zco. Present (yo) Subj. (yo) conocerconozcoconozca conducirconduzcoconduzca
-zar: z changes to ce -gar: g changes to gue -car: c changes to que
saber: sepadar: dé ir: vayacaber: quepa haber: haya estar: esté