13Wishing, wanting and requesting aconsejar: to advise or counseldesear: to wish, to wantexigir: to demandinsistir: to insistmandar: to command, to orderpedir: to ask forpreferir: to preferquerer: to wantrogar:to begsuplicar: to plead
14Stands for EMOTIONS: alegrarse de que: to be happy that entristecerse de que: to be sad thatesperar: to hopeojalá: if only/god willingsorprenderse de que : surprised thattemer que: to fear thattener miedo de que: to be afraid that
15is for Doubt ¿creer? ¿pensar? dudar no creer ¿Hay alguién que…? (Is there someone who…)Busco a una persona que…I am looking for a person that….
16is for:2negar: to denyprohibir: to prohibitDENIAL
17mpersonal Expressions Es importante que es menester que: it is important thatEs imposible que es necesario que:Es lastima que: it is a pity that es preciso que: it is necessary thatEs mejor que: it is better that es posible queMas vale que: it is better that es probable que
211. an independent verb or phrase, “a strong verb” In this case, a strong, independent womanShe must make the proposal
222. A dependent verb that will submit to the independent verb
23In between the independent and the dependent, there is another important element
24Proposals are completed with a wedding ring. We usually say that the ring is 14K or 12K
25For our purposes, we will say that the proposal is complete with 1K (que)
26In order to form subjunctive, we must have three requirements 1. The independent verb or phrase, or WEDDING phraseThe (K) que in between2. The dependent verb: (He must change)
27Dependent VerbsTo be successful in his marriage, we know that the dependent MUST CHANGE
28The general rule for changing dependent verbs into subjunctive is by adding the opposite vowel ending.que yo: hableque tu: hablesque el hableque nosotros hablemosque vosotros habléisque ellos hablenhablar
29The opposite vowel rule is always true in the subjunctive: However, there are different families of verbs that have different rules about how the stem of the verb changes.
30With verbs that stem change e-ie, o-ue, or e-i Familia de los zapatosWith verbs that stem change e-ie, o-ue, or e-iAlways stem-change first, and then put on the opposite vowel ending.
31Familia Yo-GOVerbs that change to “go” in “yo” form in the present tense must change as such and then you put on the opposite vowel ending.pongo = ponga vengo = venga oigo = oigahago = haga digo = diga
32The i changes to y in verbs that end in -uir in present tense. Famila -yaThe i changes to y in verbs that end in-uir in present tense.Present (el)Subj. (el)construirconstruyeconstruyadistribuirdistribuyedistribuya
33Familia -ZCAVerbs that end in –cer or –cir change in yo form present tense to –zco.Present(yo)Subj. (yo)conocerconozcoconozcaconducirconduzcoconduzca
34-zar: z changes to ce -gar: g changes to gue -car: c changes to que Familia -CAR, -GAR, -ZAR-zar: z changes to ce-gar: g changes to gue-car: c changes to que
35saber: sepa dar: dé ir: vaya caber: quepa haber: haya estar: esté Familia irregularsaber: sepa dar: déir: vaya caber: quepahaber: hayaestar: esté