Presentation on theme: "Past (Imperfect) subjunctive with noun clauses. This is fancy grammar talk for a sentence with at least 2 clauses; the verb in the first (or main) clause."— Presentation transcript:
Past (Imperfect) subjunctive with noun clauses
This is fancy grammar talk for a sentence with at least 2 clauses; the verb in the first (or main) clause determines whether or not the verb in the second (or dependent, subordinate etc.) clause is subjunctive. If the verb in the first clause fits into any of several categories such as doubt, emotion, will/wish/want/desire, judgment/opinion, negation and several more (just deal with it), then the verb in the second clause is subjunctive. Ejemplo: I wanted you to learn. Yo quería que aprendieras. The second clause is called the noun clause because it functions like a noun; it is the object of the first verb (what you hope, wish, doubt etc.)
If the verb in the second clause has the same subject (yo, tú, ellos, Juan) as the verb in the first clause, you dont use que and you dont conjugate the second verb. Ejemplo: Juan wanted to learn Juan quería aprender.
Again, whenever you want to say that someone or something wanted or wished or hoped or doubted or didnt believe or didnt think or it was not possible or it was possible or etc. that someone or something else did or was something.
If the verb in the main clause falls into one these categories the second verb is subjunctive: NecessityJudgmentWishes UncertaintyEmotionEmotion DesireDesireDesire EmotionInfluenceDoubt Impersonal expressions (es necesario que…) Negation God grant (ojalá…)
Ojalá vinieras a la fiesta. Yo quería que Marcos me llamara. Yo dudaba que salieras tan temprano. Era posible que no me gustaran.
Aprendiste = You learned Aprendieras = You learned Say what? Then how is it different? Answer: it just feels different to a native speaker.
Put the verb in the ellos form of the preterit Take off the –ron Add these endings: -ar / -er / -ir -ra-ramos -ras -ra-ran
-se-semos -ses -se-sen
Ejemplo: Le gustó que tocáramos bien.
*As long as you know all the preterit verb forms, youll do great
Leer Sentir Dormir Reírse Zambullir Estar Ser Decir
THESE WORDS ALWAYS INTRODUCE THE SUBJUNCTIVE aconsejar que-to advise that alegrarse de que -to be happy that dejar que-to let/allow that desear que-to wish that dudar que-to doubt that (me) emociona que -(Im) excited that (me) encanta que – (I) love that (me) enfada que - (Im) angry that (me) enoja que – (Im) angry that esperar que- to hope that estar orgulloso de que – to be proud that exigir que-to demand that (me) extraña que – It seems strange that (me) gusta que – (I) like that
impedir (i) que-to impede insistir en que-to insist on (me) irrita que – (Im) irritated that lamentar que- to lament that mandar que-to order that (me) molesta que – (Im) bothered that necesitar que-to need negar que - to deny that ojalá que -hopefully oponerse a que-to oppose pedir (i) que-to ask that permitir que-to permit that preferir (ie) que-to prefer that prohibir que- to prohibit querer (ie) que-to want recomendar (ie) que -to recommend that rogar (ue) que-to beg that sentir (ie) que – to regret that (me) sorprende que – (Im) surprised that sugerir (ie) que-to suggest that suplicar que-to beg that temer que – to fear that tener miedo de que – to be scared that
THESE IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS ALWAYS INTRODUCE THE SUBJUNCITVE es absurdo que - its absurd that es agradable que- its agreeable that es bueno que- its good that es dudoso que- its doubtful that es escandaloso que- its scandalous that es importante que- its important that es imposible que- its impossible that es improbable que- its improbable that es indispensable que- its indispensable that es inútil que- its useless that es justo que- its right / just that es malo que- its bad that es mejor que- its better that es necesario que- its necessary that es peor que- its worse that es posible que- its possible that es probable que- its probable that es raro que- its rare that es ridículo que- its ridiculous that es sorprendente que- its surprising that es triste que- its sad that es una lástima que- its a shame that es útil que- its useful that más vale que- its better that no es que- its not that no es cierto que- its not certain that no es evidente que- its not evident that no es obvio que- its not obvious that no es verdad que- its not true that ojalá que- hopefully
THESE WORDS ALWAYS INTRODUCE THE INDICATIVE aprender que-to learn that comprender que-to understand that creer que-to believe that darse cuenta de que-to realize that entender que-to understand that estar cierto que -to be certain that estar seguro que-to be sure that oír que-to hear that opinar que-to think (opine) that parecer que-to seem that pensar que- to think that saber que-to know that ver que-to see that