Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Present Subjunctive Unidad 4. Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Regular Verbs 1.Conjugate verb in the yo present tense. pongo hablo 2.Chop off the –o.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Present Subjunctive Unidad 4. Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Regular Verbs 1.Conjugate verb in the yo present tense. pongo hablo 2.Chop off the –o."— Presentation transcript:

1 Present Subjunctive Unidad 4

2 Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Regular Verbs 1.Conjugate verb in the yo present tense. pongo hablo 2.Chop off the –o. pong-habl- 3.Add opposite endings. -ar-er/-ir -e-emos-a-amos -es-éis-as-áis -e-en-a-an no hablen no ponga

3 Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Irregular Verbs Irregular Subjunctive Verbs ir ser saber vayavayamosseaseamo sepasepamos vayasvayáisseasseáissepassepáis vaya vayanseaseansepasepan dar estar haber Dédemosestéestémoshayahayamos desdeisestésestéishayashayáis Dédenestésesténhayahayan

4 Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Stem Changes Stem changes in –ar and –er verbs is the same as present indicative. pensar- to think piensepensemos piensespenséis piensepiensen

5 Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Stem Changes Stem changes in –ir verbs is the same as present indicative, but also stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms o u and e i. dormir- to sleep duermadurmamos duermas durmáis duerma duerman

6 Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Spelling Changes Verbs that end in change to –car -que –gar -gue –zar -ce

7 Present Subjunctive- Volition Subjunctive occurs most frequently when you have: an independent clause + que + dependent clause and a subject change.

8 Present Subjunctive- Volition If there is no subject change, use the infinitive. ¿Quieres visitar Madrid? Sí, espero ir este año.

9 Trigger Words- Volition aconsejar queadvise desear quedesire exigir quedemand/require insistir queinsist ojalá queI hope preferir queprefer recomendar querecommend

10 Trigger Words- Volition suplicar quebeg/plead decir que tell escribir que write hacer que make mandar quesend pedir queask prohibir queprohibit

11 Trigger Words- Volition rogar quebeg dejar quelet esperar quehope impedir que prevent obligar a queoblige permitir quepermit/allow querer quewant sugerir quesuggest

12 Present Subjunctive- Volition 1.Decir and escribir require the subjunctive when used to express a command. 2.Ojalá is always followed by the subjunctive. 3.When used to express an indirect command, the verbs aconsejar, dejar, hacer, mandar, obligar, permitir, and prohibir can be followed by either an infinitive or que and the subjunctive.

13 Present Subjunctive Impersonal expressions that trigger subjunctive: es mejor queIts better that es necesario queIts necessary that es imprescindible que Its essential that importa queIts important that es probable que Its probable that

14 Present Subjunctive es imposible queIts impossible that conviene que Its convenient/proper es menester queIts necessary that es preciso queIts necessary that es importante queIts important that más vale queIts better that es posible queIts possible that

15 Present Subjunctive es bueno queIts good that es malo queIts bad that es lástima que Its a shame that es raro queIts rare that es fácil queIts easy that es difícil que Its difficult/ unlikely that

16 Present Subjunctive: Sequencing of Tenses Main clause (indicative) Dependent clause (subjunctive) present present perfectpresent futurepresent perfect command

17 Present Subjunctive: Sequencing of Tenses 1.The present subjunctive is used to express what is happening or will happen in constructions that require the subjunctive. 2.The present perfect subjunctive is used to express what has happened or will have happened in constructions that require the subjunctive.


Download ppt "Present Subjunctive Unidad 4. Conjugating Present Subjunctive- Regular Verbs 1.Conjugate verb in the yo present tense. pongo hablo 2.Chop off the –o."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google